“MAIDANEK. Extermination camp located in German-occupied Poland about 2 miles from Lublin. It was regarded as in the same class as Belzec and Sobibor. Like Belzec, Maidanek was originally a labor camp but was transformed into a death camp … Unlike Belzec, it had some industrial activity. Non-Jewish prisoners were admitted. At first death was induced by carbon monoxide asphyxiation, but later hydrocyanic, or prussic, acid fumes were used following successful tests at Belzec. It is estimated that 1.5 million inmates were gassed at Maidanek.* After Russian troops discovered the camp on July 23, 1944, Konstatin Simonov, a Soviet writer, wrote a full account of the death camp for Pravda. In a special issue the London Illustrated News published photographs of the gas chambers and ovens at Maidanek.” (Snyder, Dr. Louis L, Encyclopedia of the Third Reich. Paragon House, New York, 1989.) * Maidanek victim estimates are unreliable; the total is probably far less than the one provided above.
- Holocaust Almanac: 1.5 Million Gassed: Maidanek
- Holocaust Almanac: Maidanek’s “Harvest Festival”
- The Difficulty in Determining Maidanek’s Death Toll
- Maidanek: Polish-Soviet Extraordinary Commission Report
- Daniel Keren’s 1998 photographs: