Judgment 19, Eichmann Adolf

The Expulsion of the Jews of Baden

77. In October 1940, another expulsion took place, this time
westward. All the Jews of the district of Baden and the
Saar Palatinate (Saarpfalz), 7,450 in all, were deported to
the area of unoccupied France. This was done in accordance
with the proposal of the governors of those districts. In
the report found in the files of the German Foreign Ministry
(T/674), we read of the customary cruelty in carrying out
this deportation. All Jews, young and old (the report
mentions a man 92 years old), were taken out of their beds
at dawn. They were given a respite of a quarter of an hour
to two hours to get ready for the journey. They had to
leave all their belongings behind, and this is how they were
taken to France. They were put into the Gurs camp at the
foot of the Pyrenees under the worst possible conditions
(Session 41, Vol. II, p. 699).

The Accused’s Section IVD4 participated in the execution of
this deportation, too, by organizing the transport of the
Jews in sealed carriages. Moreover, the Accused personally
played an additional part at a critical moment, when the
French had to be convinced that they should allow the entry
of the trains into the unoccupied area of France – something
which they were not obliged to permit by the terms of the
armistice (T/37, p. 143; T/637). In his testimony, he told
the Court how he succeeded in convincing the French station
master at the border railway station that these were German
military transports, and thus succeeded in casting the Jews
across the border (Session 77, Vol. IV, pp. xxxx26-30).

Last-Modified: 1999/05/27