The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Private Holocaust Resources

Jacob Adler Zentrum Offenburg

Jacob Adler was the first Jew from Offenburg to be killed in Dachau, in December 1938. This site has been created to remember Offenburg's Jewish victims. (German language site)

Aktion Reinhard" - extensive European site offering multilingual information about the infamous Aktion Reinhard deathcamps.


Designed for those planning to visit Auschwitz-Birkenau, this site promises to make the visit easier - it includes information about accommodation in Krakow, travel, and more.

An Auschwitz Alphabet

A glossary of terms important to Auschwitz and the Holocaust in general. Now being mirrored at

Auschwitz: A Healing Journey with Holocaust survivor Bernard Offen.

In my family, over 50 perished and only three survived, my two older brothers and I. For the last six years, I have spent each summer in Poland teaching what Jewish life was like in Krakow before the war, as well as relating my own experiences during the Holocaust. Through sharing my own story with hundreds of people, I hope to create "second generation witnesses."

The Austrian Encounter

Summary mission statement of The Austrian Encounter, or TAE:

The original and primary purpose of TAE was and is to foster honest, revealing, thoughtful, ethical, intellectual, emotional, and constructive encounters between progeny of victims of the Austrian component of the Holocaust (who are/were especially but not exclusively Jewish) and progeny of Austrian Nazi perpetrators and/or their collaborators who perpetrated in Austria (who are/were especially but not exclusively German and Austrian); "constructive" is meant importantly both interpersonally and internationally, and in the senses of

a) providing leadership and coordination in this area,

b) mollifying tensions and diminishing prejudices by deeply enhancing tolerance and understanding, and

A Belgian Family's Story

Joseph Birnbaum's autobiography, 'I Kept My Promise,' is reviewed here, and excerpts are provided.

Uncovering the Black German Holocaust

"At a time when the fight for justice for Jewish Holocaust victims continues to make front-page news, the horrific experiences of Black people in Nazi Germany are virtually ignored. These experiences are brought to light in a documentary film entitled Hitler's Forgotten Victims, directed by David Okuefuna and produced by Moise Shewa (Afro-Wisdom Productions). The film uses interviews with survivors and their families as well as archival material to document the Black German Holocaust experience; it also explores the history of German racism, suggests links between German colonialism and Nazi policy, and examines the treatment of Black prisoners-of-war."



This site offers detailed information concerning slave labour during the Nazi era.

The Fate of the Jews in the British Channel Islands

In mid-1940 the British Channel Islands were occupied by the German army. The Nazis soon turned their attention towards the few island residents categorised as Jews.

In the following year the Germans began a massive fortification building program and amongst the workers transported to the Islands were over 1,000 Jewish slave labourers.

The papers on this site detail the fate of both the Jews resident in the Channel Islands and those transported to the Islands as slave workers.

Social Studies Teacher George Cassutto's
Ernest and Elisabeth Cassutto Memorial Page: Survivors of the Holocaust

"You are invited to celebrate the lives of two survivors of the Nazi Holocaust: my parents. You can do this by reading of their courage and faith on a web page that I am proud to post to the web site of my school.

"With help from friends and family, I have collected data and photos that bring to life the experiences of Ernest and Elisabeth Cassutto. I hope you will visit the site, take the time to read their stories, and if you can use the pages in the future as a teaching or learning resource, then the work that was put into it was well worth it.

"My parents are no longer living to tell their story, which is why I chose the medium of the Web to share it with the digital yet global audience of the Internet. Your comments and criticism are greatly encouraged and appreciated. If deserved, please repost this URL to other resources that are appropriate."

George Cassutto

Cybrary of the Holocaust

The Cybrary has a great deal to see and is well worth visiting.

Zum Beispiel Dachau, a 'Study-group for investigating contemporary history of Dachau.'

From the 'Who We Are' text on this site:

The objectives that led to the foundation of 'Zum Beispiel Dachau' are still relevant today: Their intention is neither to stand up for, nor to condemn the city itself as the site of a Nazi concentration camp but to uncover the cause and the structures, that once made possible a totalitarian regime of that type in Germany - and still make it possible in a similar way today elsewhere in the world. In this sense 'Zum Beispiel Dachau' intends

  • to throw light on the role the city of Dachau played before and during the 'Third Reich'.
  • to get an insight into the daily life of the citizen of Dachau in those times.
  • to learn about the living and the suffering of the inmates of the concentration camp and how they were treated by the SS.
  • to work out a relationship between the city and the concentration camp.
  • Debica (Dembitsa), Poland a memorial monument for the Jews who lived and died in the Shtetl Debica (Dembica-Dembitz) near Krakow, Poland.

    David Dickerson's Holocaust Page

    Excellent educational resource - bookmark it!

    Einsatzgruppen Archives, now with servers in British Columbia and Ontario

    This Canadian site, maintained by Ken Lewis, provides information about the notorious Einsatzgruppen. The site is showing steady growth, and features primary source documentation.

    The Final Solution: Morality and Necessity, a paper by Martin Rose.

    Five Million Forgotten

    Flossenbürg (Supports Dutch, French, German and English)

    The Forgotten Victims
    - this page forms a small part of Jewish Students Online Research Center: The Holocaust

    From the author's website: U.S. citizens were among the 12 million people murdered by the Nazis. In fact, tens of thousands of American civilians were in peril, but their government made a conscious decision not to help them. Consequently, many suffered, some died. Simultaneously, many American soldiers sent to defeat Hitler were captured. Some wore dog tags identifying them as Jews, which allowed the Nazis to single them out for mistreatment. Other POWs were sent to concentration camps where they witnessed firsthand the “Final Solution.” The U.S. Government has covered up the story of what happened to its citizens during World War II, because it would raise new questions about what this country did to rescue the targets of the Nazis. While many books have told the story of how European Jewry was forsaken, this is the first to describe the abandonment of American Jews.

    Anne Frank German language exhibition at the Hagen Museum.

    Gay Holocaust

    Gay activist in Denmark tracks down Nazi doctor who experimented on homosexuals... Carl Peter Vaernet, a Dane, castrated and implanted hormones in homosexuals in attempts to alter their sexual orientation at the Buchenwald and Neuengamme camps.

    Graverobbers of Memory includes a number of student essays on the Holocaust.


    Did the crew of the B-24 bomber "Loretta Ann" witness the tragedy of Oradour-sur-Glan? Tom Ensminger's Tribute To The Men Of The 8th Air Force examines this question as World War II mission records are declassified.

    A paper on Hitler's use of language

    The Holocaust & Beyond

    Michael Knigin's Remembrance Art

    The Holocaust in Gombin

    This site contains extensive data concerning the extermination camps, including portions of the Polish investigative report concerning Chelmno, and some survivor testimony.

    Holocaust links Virtual Library of the Holocaust, Hagen, Germany (German language site)

    Holocaust Education Through Art

    Holocaust Pictures Exhibition

    François Schmitz has collected several dozen pictures relating to the Holocaust.

    Holocaust Survivors
    History with a human face: Holocaust survivors and their stories.

    Homosexuals and the Holocaust

    "As soon as Hitler seized power of Germany, actions against homosexuality immediately began. On February 23rd, 1933, Hitler banned all gay and lesbian organizations. And one of the targets of a May 1933 Berlin book burning was the comprehensive library of the Institute for Sexual Science. Yet Hitler stepped the war against homosexuality into high gear when in June 1934 he ordered Ernest Rohm, the head of the Sturmabteilung [the Nazi's 'mass paramilitary organization'] killed for his homosexuality."

    The Holocaust: A Tragic Legacy

    The Hopesite

    The Victoria, British Columbia, Holocaust Rememberance and Education Society invites you to remember and learn about the Holocaust, to reflect on what it means for us today, and to rekindle hope for a better future.

    Indiana Holocaust Awareness Center

    Jewish Contemporary Documentation Centre, France

    The CDJC (Jewish Contemporary Documentation Centre), an association founded in 1943, is one of the main research and documentation centers on Jewish persecution during the Second World War. Specializing in the Shoah, the CDJC has among its archival collections sources on the history of the Jewish community in France during the 20th century (beginning of the century, W.W. I., the period between the two Wars, W.W.II., the Occupation, the Liberation, the aftermath, present day, etc?). Since 1953, the CDJC is lodging at the Memorial to the Unknown Jewish Martyr in Paris (4e arrondissement).

    Katyn Forest Massacre

    Katyn Forest is a wooded area near Gneizdovo village, a short distance from Smolensk in Russia where, in early 1940, the NKVD, on Stalin's orders shot and buried over 4000 Polish service personnel that had been taken prisoner when the Soviet Union invaded Poland in September 1939 in support of the Nazis.

    In 1943 the Nazis exhumed the Polish dead and blamed the Soviets. In 1944, having retaken the Katyn area from the Nazis, the Soviets exhumed the Polish dead again and blamed the Nazis. The rest of the world took its usual sides in such arguments.

    In 1989, with the collapse of Soviet Power, Premier Gorbachev finally admitted that the Soviet NKVD had executed the Poles, and confirmed two other burial sites similar to the site at Katyn. Stalin's order of March 1940 to execute by shooting some 25,700 Poles, including those found at the three sites, was also disclosed with the collapse of Soviet Power. This particular slaughter of Poles is often referred to as the "Katyn Massacre".

    The main purpose of this page is to contact others with an interest in the Katyn Massacre.

    Online Magazine for Post-Holocaust Issues

    Alexander Kimel, a Holocaust survivor, offers this comprehensive site, recommended by The History Channel.


    A Holocaust web project by Robert J. Bennett, a graduate student at the University of Baltimore. Among other things, a "virtual tour of Dachau" is under construction.

    "Literature of the Holocaust"

    Assembled by Alan Filreis, Professor of English at the University of Pennsylvania.

    Living Heirs

    "Living Heirs is a cooperative effort by three independent organizations -- Avotaynu, a Jewish genealogy publishing service, Risk International Services, Inc., an insurance archaeology and claim recovery firm, and, a family history Internet and publishing company -- the Living Heirs Project helps heirs of Holocaust victims recover family assets unjustly confiscated by the Third Reich. These groups are brought together by the Simon Wiesenthal Center Museum of Tolerance."

    Lousiana Holocaust Survivors Home Page

    Interviews with six Holocaust survivors currently living in Lousiana. Very moving.

    Memorial Museums for the Victims of National Socialism in Germany

    "Using the distribution list of the Memorial Bimonthly Bulletin ("Gedenkstätten-Rundbrief"), I collected the addresses of the existing memorial sites and undertook to publish the list regularly. This Memorial Bimonthly Bulletin presents the updated version from summer 1995. Thanks to the help of the many memorial museums in researching information and supplying the articles, this listing is more complete. In addition to the addresses, there is a brief description of each institution, travel directions, related literature as well as illustrations. This should convey a better understanding of the nature of the National Socialist sites of persecution. The memorial museums are organized by postal code. A helpful alphabetical index is included at the end. The brochure and its presentation in both English and German was made possible by Miriamne Fields, an employee of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, who spent two months at the Topography of Terror Foundation to work on this project.

    Thomas Lutz"

    The Missing Identity website.

    Missing Identity is one of the projects of the Meshi Center for Genealogical Research, a non-profit organisation located in Israel. This website was set up in an effort to help children survivors from the Holocaust to find their true identities and threads to their pasts.

    Mittelbau Dora Concentration Camp

    "Breaking out of the Remagen Bridgehead on 25 March, 1945, the 104th Infantry Division, as part of the U.S. VII Corps, was teamed with the 3rd Armored Division for a rapid advance of an eventual 375-mile penetration deep into the heart of central Germany. Hitler's once mighty war machine was crumbling, but counter attacks and stubborn pockets of resistance, by the hungry and desperate enemy, continued as tongue-twisting towns and villages like Holzhausen, Niederingelbach, Dalwigksthal, Strasseberbach & Eibelshausen appeared and were soon overrun. In black forbidding nights and gray days, often sullen with the slow, cold drizzle of rain, the thrust continued with Easter Sunday and April Fool's Day practically unnoticed. The 193-mile segment from the Rhine to Paderborn had taken only nine days with captured Wehrmacht vehicles and even barnyard carts supplementing more conventional means of military transport for the relentless push to the east.

    The morning of 11 April dawned with yet another strangely named town to be reckoned with. Easier to pronounce, but impossible to forget, Nordhausen, home of the Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp, was first viewed as just another spot on the map, but became a name to be stamped forever in the annuals of Timberwolf and 3rd Armored history - permanently engraved in the hearts and memories of all present.

    The history of the 104th Infantry Division, Timberwolf Tracks , relates the long to be remembered and heart gripping story from first-hand accounts...

    Jennifer Morrison's speech "Where there's life, there's hope"

    "Not the Germans Alone"

    Information about the book Not the Germans Alone, by Isaac Levendel, who explores the role of Vichy France in the Holocaust. From the web page:

    On June 5, 1944, the eve of D day, eight-year-old Isaac Levendel's mother left the farm in southern France where she and her son had gone to escape the Nazis for what was to be a two-day visit to their home to pick up the last of their belongings. She never returned. For more than forty years Levendel remained silent about, and tormented by, her disappearance. Finally, in 1990, he began to look for the answers. In this book, Levendel recounts his struggle to accept his mother's death and his search through secret government archives for her killers.

    Nothing is Forgotten

    The fate of the Jews of Kiev (1941 - 1943) is the subject of this online book by David Budnik & Yakov Kaper

    ERHARD ROY WIEHN's introduction to this work concludes with the following paragraph:

    "Nothing is forgotten: "My generation did everything for the defeat of fascist Germany", wrote David Budnik at the end of his account: "Fascism was defeated, but it has not been totally destroyed. Today it is attempting to rise up again and threatens mankind with new catastrophes. I believe, however, that our children and grandchildren will not let that happen." Hopefully. This book by two unique witnesses to history had to be written in order that future generations will still be able to learn what comes of hate and nationalistic hostility. Not least of all, however, this publication is dedicated to David Budnik and Yakov Kaper, who on 29 September 1993 will celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of their liberation."

    "Lake Baikal is full of Fishes", a tribute to the memory of those murdered at Treblinka, presented as a stageplay by Gregory Neil Pryne.

    Reach and Teach

    "The only group of Holocaust survivors on the Internet whose primary aim is to reach out to schools and educators all over the world in order to teach, educate or inform them about the Holocaust in general and their own individual experiences in particular."

    Remembering the Holocaust

    Aragorn, a Jewish Australian, maintains a collection of links to other sites about the Holocaust.

    Rescuers during the Holocaust

    A comprehensive bibliography of rescuers is offered.

    Leni Riefenstahl stills

    An unindexed collection of stills from two Leni Riefenstahl films: Triumph of the Will and Olympia. These films were Nazi propaganda, commissioned by the Nazi government, and are of interest for their historical and cinematic value.

    Search & Unite

    "...attempting to help the many who suspect that, despite the passage of so many years since World War II, someone may still exist somewhere 'out there'"

    Sites of the Pogrom against the Jewish People in Innsbruck, Tyrol, Austria

    Virtual City Tour of the Main Sites of the Pogrom during the Night of November 9 to November 10, 1938

    Silent Voices Speak

    Silent Voices Speak is a non-profit organization dedicated to using art as a powerful vehicle for education and community building, and is devoted to arousing compassion, raising consciousness, and educating as many people as possible about the defining event of the twentieth century—the Holocaust—and its relation to social injustice in the present.

    Sobibor: The Forgotten Revolt - A Survivor's Story

    A survivor's memoir of the Sobibor revolt.

    Shai Spetgang's Home page includes a Holocaust photo exhibit.

    The Story of Oscar Schindler, written by Louis Bülow

    Steven Spielberg's Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation

    "Founded by Steven Spielberg in 1994, Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation is a nonprofit organization dedicated to videotaping and archiving interviews of Holocaust survivors all over the world..." This site offers accurate and timely information about a project which is often misrepresented on the Internet.

    Teaching the Holocaust Through Stamps

    Teaching the Holocaust is described as "an Interdisciplinary and Computerized Program through the use of Stamps, Pictures, Texts and Paintings by Children in the Holocaust"

    To Reflect & Trust

    TRT is a Massachusetts charitable corporation, with 501(c)(3) status designated by the U.S. IRS. Thus, a donation made to TRT is fully tax-exempt in the U.S.

    Mission statement:

    The purpose of the corporation is to foster thoughtful and constructive encounters between progeny of Holocaust victims and progeny of Nazi perpetrators;

    "constructive" is meant both interpersonally and internationally, in the senses of

    a) providing leadership and coordination in this area,

    b) mollifying tensions and diminishing prejudices by enhancing tolerance and understanding, and

    c) forging bridges and avenues of communication between individuals and groups with parallel goals.

    A wider and subsequent, eventual goal is to apply its experience as a model to those who have been perpetrators or victims (and their descendants) in instances of holocausts elsewhere or even of lesser occurrences of inhumane or cruel behavior by people to other people.

    Philip Trauring's Holocaust Archive Project and research projects

    Mr. Trauring is a student at Brandeis University who has collected a great deal of information about the Holocaust in general and the Majdanek camp in particular. His Majdanek research will be added to his web later this fall.

    The Uniqueness of the Holocaust

    Vagabond on the Holocaust

    Comments about the Holocaust from Vagabond readers.

    Wallenberg around the world

    A new (January 2002) site which features worldwide information about Raul Wallenberg.

    Ellen Land Weber's "To Save a Life: Stories of Jewish Rescue" page offers the first chapters of a previously unpublished work about those who rescued Jews during the Nazi era, often at great risk to their lives.

    Where are the Children?

    "You and everyone else knows about Nazi crimes against Jews during the Holocaust, but the public knows little about another Nazi crime: the wartime kidnapping of non-Jewish children from Poland and Czechoslovakia. One writer (Lucas, p.121) estimates that 200,000 Polish children alone were abducted from homes, playgrounds and schools. The Nazi myth was that if blond and blue-eyed, they had ‘Nordic blood’. If they passed more stringent racial tests, they were carted off to Germany. With changed names and falsified birth records began their ‘germanized’ identity. Young children were given to approved Nazi families for adoption. After the war Allied search parties, often hindered by German authorities, located some of the children. Those under 12 years of age, whose origins could be established, were returned to their home countries. Older children were given a choice but not all of them chose to return. But the majority of the kidnapped children were never found. What happened to them?"

    Women and the Holocaust

    DEDICATED TO ALL THOSE WOMEN Who were murdered while pregnant. Holding little hands of children or carrying infants in their arms on the way to be gassed. In hiding. To the mothers who gave their children to be hidden, many never to find them again. Or as fighters in the resistance: in ghettos, forests, partisan units. And to the lives of those few who survived and bravely carried on.

    World Holocaust Forum

    The International Foundation for the Commemoration of the Holocaust and its Lessons' websiteoffers this Forum dedicated to the struggle against genocide, antisemitism, racism and xenophobia.

    The Holocaust in Zabludow

    From the site's introduction:

    Elements of an SS military police battalion entered Zabludow in June of 1942. Twelve hundred Jewish residents were confined to a small area of the tannery. Groups were sent out to do slave labor on nearby roads and in a quarry. Some Jewish residents were shot during this period. Three Poles from Zabludow were also executed by German troops. The magnificent 17th century Jewish synagogue was burned by German troops, and the Jewish cemeteries severely damaged. All 1,200 Jewish residents were sent to Treblinka death camp. Four survived the war.

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