The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

The Trial of Adolf Eichmann
Session 79
(Part 2 of 5)

Dr. Servatius: There is a reference to a second discussion. Were you invited to the second discussion?

Accused: I did not need to be invited to the second conference, since, in accordance with orders, I was the person who, on behalf of my superiors, was to dispatch the letters of invitation.

Dr. Servatius: I proceed to exhibits T/1373, document No. 877, then T/189, document No. 1206, and a third exhibit, T/190, document No. 106.

Presiding Judge: Which was the second exhibit, Dr. Servatius?

Dr. Servatius: T/189, document No. 1206. It is the invitation to the second discussion of the Specialists, with a list of participants. The attendance list includes yourself and your three Specialist Officers. Does that indicate that you were closely involved with the matter, nevertheless?

Accused: I should like to correct something: There were not three Specialist Officers, but only one, Sturmbannfuehrer Regierungsrat Suhr, while Guenther was, to some extent, a Deputy Specialist Officer and Regierungsrat Hunsche was also a Deputy Specialist Officer. Section IVB4 really had no say in the matter, as far as these particular discussions were concerned. The contents show that it was a question for the Head Office for Race and Resettlement Affairs, as well as for the Party Chancellery and the Office of Racial Policies of the NSDAP, because the issue here was, I would put it this way, the medical position on sterilization.

Dr. Servatius: Witness, if so, why were you present?

Accused: According to instructions, the minutes had to be drawn up by Section IVB4, because the minutes had to be sent subsequently to all the participants, so that these Departments could indicate their position to the Head Office for Reich Security. There is another interesting aspect to these minutes. While the minutes of the first discussion are not headed with the reference IVB4, this set of minutes is headed with the Section reference IVB4.

This is further proof that obviously no one from Section IVB4 took part in the first discussion and, if the styles are compared - and I have tried to compare the styles - I can see some similarity with the style of the first minutes. I remember saying in my interrogation that, as far as I was aware, because of the problematical nature of the subject matter and the importance of the subject, the minutes were drawn up by the representative of the Party Chancellery and of Department II of the Head Office for Reich Security, since the main substance concentrated on the legal side of things.

I must complete my statement, because otherwise it could be objected that, "Well, but two legal experts from your Section did attend the meeting!" So, to make sure everything is quite clear here, I would point out that Department II was actually in charge of the matter, and that Suhr issued the letters of invitation and the other correspondence relative to this discussion, as various documents indicate.

Dr. Servatius: The next exhibit I shall discuss is T/192, document No. 878. This concerns sterilization matters. It is a letter from Luther to Eichmann, dated 7 December 1942, providing notification of a minute about the results of research on sterilization. The actual minute is not available here.

Were you, accordingly, involved in sterilization methods?

Accused: No. I had nothing to do with matters of sterilization, either from the legal point of view or in terms of implementation. As the subsequent documents will show, this was the task of other Departments.

Dr. Servatius: I come now to exhibit T/1374, document No. 556. This is a letter from Brack to Himmler himself. Enclosed is a report about castration by X-rays. I must add that the letter is dated 28 March 1941, in other words, shortly after the last letter. Brack asks Himmler what theoretical or practical follow-up there should be with regard to sterilization by X-rays.

There is a communication from a Dr. Pokorny to Himmler, dated October 1941. He refers to possibilities of sterilization by means of a plant-based poison.

Presiding Judge: This exhibit will be marked N/15.

Dr. Servatius: The next exhibit is T/1375, document No. 11. It is a letter from Viktor Brack, again to Himmler, dated 23 June 1942. Brack is again urging castration by X-rays.

The next few documents show that Section IVB4 becomes connected with the sterilization. These are exhibits T/1380, document No. 555; another exhibit, T/1379, document No. 409; and the last exhibit is the circular, a note from SS Obersturmfuehrer Fischer from Himmler's Adjutant's office, dated 4 July 1942. It is addressed to IVB4, for the attention of Guenther. It transmits photocopies of documents from the firm of Madaus, which is the pharmaceutics firm in question, and a request is made for closest cooperation with Pohl.

Dr. Servatius: In the first document, T/1380, it says: "I enclose a copy of a letter to SS Sturmbannfuehrer Guenther, dated 4 July, for your information, a letter from the Reichsfuehrer." To this belongs also exhibit T/37(179), document No. 408. I submit the document to the Court.

Presiding Judge: This will be exhibit N/16.

Dr. Servatius: This is a letter from Himmler to Pohl, dated 14 March 1942. It says that Pohl is to work together with Guenther. The other exhibit is T/1378, document No. 407. This is a note for the files and concerns a discussion with Pohl about plant-based poisons. It is dated 22 June 1942. Lastly, there is exhibit T/1377, document No. 326. This is a letter from - the signature is not legible - to Professor Glauberg, about sterilization experiments.

On page 2, at the end of the exhibit, it can be seen that a copy of the document was to go to the Head Office for Reich Security, Berlin, to SS Sturmbannfuehrer Guenther, IVB4, Jewish Affairs Section. For information.

The question is whether this communication does not indicate that you, as Head of Section IVB4, were involved with sterilization.

Accused: At first sight, it would appear that, formally, one would have to answer in the affirmative. However, if the matter is investigated, doubts arise, and I must say that I did, in actual fact, have nothing to do with it, and I can give the following explanation. Being fair, the Israeli police captain who interrogated me, when he asked me about tape 74, drew my attention to the fact that this document, No. 326, which was discussed in a previous tape, was a provisional document, and that the final document would be submitted to me in tape 74 to which I have referred, and in that final document, that is to say, in this kind of original document - there is a reference to SS Sturmbannfuehrer Guenther of IVB4, Jewish Affairs Section, and there is something about SS Gruppenfuehrer Mueller.

What I heard in tape 74 provided actual confirmation of what I stated in connection with an earlier tape, that I had nothing to do with it, and, as a result of the original documents, I have drawn my own conclusions, because I was able to draw them, having now seen all these documents.

I based myself on a document submitted here, State Prosecutor's exhibit 874, the deposition by Huppenkothen, in which Huppenkothen, as the interim deputy head of Department II, states - and, in fact, he recently confirmed his statement to some extent in his testimony as a witness - that Mueller was accustomed, without his Specialist Officer's knowledge, to give a secret assignment to someone in the sections, and the fact that I keep seeing the name Guenther mentioned in all sorts of documents about all sorts of matters, matters of gas and sterilization and others, notes from a doctor's diary and so on, proves to me that Guenther obviously and actually had a secret assignment of this type from Mueller, a secret assignment which I knew nothing of. That is what I have to say about this matter.

Presiding Judge: Dr. Servatius, do you have the exhibit which was presented to the Accused? In his preliminary investigation, in tape 74?

Dr. Servatius: No, I have not seen this exhibit. I have not yet been able to endeavour to see it, but I am sure the Attorney General will be able to correct the Accused if he is mistaken.

Presiding Judge: We would like to see the exhibit ourselves. Perhaps you could ask the Prosecution for it, as it is referred to in this tape.

Dr. Servatius: I shall endeavour to obtain this exhibit.

Presiding Judge: It was given number T/37 - a subnumber of T/37 - and so you should be able to obtain it from the Prosecution.

Dr. Servatius: I shall go into the matter, and submit it subsequently to the Court.

Some exhibits on sterilization. Firstly, T/1380, document No. 557. This is a letter from the Deputy Gauleiter in Vienna to Himmler, dated 24 August 1942.

Presiding Judge: I believe we have already discussed this, have we not?

Judge Halevi: The number is probably wrong.

Dr. Servatius: Its content is certainly very similar to that of another exhibit. I do not believe that we have talked about it.

Presiding Judge: I am sorry, that was a mistake. Please continue.

Dr. Servatius: There is another Department here which is interested in pursuing such sterilizations: the Vienna Gauleitung (District Leadership).

Presiding Judge: This is T/1380. So there is a mistake in the T number. This is T/1380.

Judge Halevi: T/1381.

Dr. Servatius: It is document No. 557.

Presiding Judge: I understand from the Clerk of the Court that this exhibit has not yet been submitted.

Dr. Servatius: I would have tended to agree originally, but subsequent investigation has shown that this T number already existed. So there must be some sort of oversight.

Presiding Judge: T/1380 is Prosecution document No. 555, is it not?

Dr. Servatius: In that case, Your Honour, may I submit this exhibit with a request to have the requisite copies made available to me? I shall, in the meanwhile, make my own copy available for the Court file.

Presiding Judge: Please do so. I shall mark this exhibit N/17. And what would you now like to state regarding this document, Dr. Servatius?

Dr. Servatius: This communication refers to the annual report of the Dr. Madaus pharmaceuticals firm, which provides information about a plant-based poison used by South American natives for sterilization purposes. This would, it says, thus be a simple means of achieving mass results, and Himmler is asked for his opinion.

Witness, were you informed of such preparations?

Accused: No, not at all.

Dr. Servatius: The next exhibit is T/1376, document No. 405. It is a memorandum by SS Standartenfuehrer Brandt, dated July 1942, from the Fuehrer's headquarters - on a discussion about sterilization matters, in the presence of Professor Dr. Gebhardt, Brigade Commander Gluecks (no, that is Inspector of Concentration Camps, Brigade Commander Gluecks) and Professor Klauberg. At the end of the memorandum, it says: "The Reichsfuehrer has stressed to all those concerned, that this concerns extremely confidential matters which may only be discussed internally, and thus those who are involved each time in experiments or discussions must be obligated to observe strict secrecy."

The next exhibit is T/816, document No. 455. This is a sworn deposition by the aforementioned Rudolf Brandt from Nuremberg, dated 9 October 1946. What is important here is page 2 of the deposition, point 5, in which it says that Oswald Pohl, Head of the Economic-Administrative Head Office, took a personal interest in this matter.

Witness, did you deal with this matter through Pohl?

Accused: No, I did not deal with this matter through Pohl, either.

Dr. Servatius: I now come to a new section - collection of skulls and skeletons. I have here police document No. 46 - it should be T/37(95) or T/1363 - I could not find out exactly what the number was from my office.

Presiding Judge: Mr. Bodenheimer, would you check, please - T/37(95) and T/1363 - we divided this document up, and it is our T/1363 to T/1366.

Dr. Servatius: This is a summary of five documents about Professor Hirt's skeleton collection at the University of Strasbourg. The first document: Sievers, the director of the Ahnenerbe (Ancestral Heritage) writes to Brandt on Himmler's personal staff on 9 February 1942, and in point 2, there is a reference to a letter from Brandt, dated 1 November 1942 to IVB4, Eichmann. No, that is wrong, there is no reference to a letter from the Accused, but rather a proposal which Sievers makes, in order to obtain the skulls of Jewish-Bolshevik commissars. It reads: "...the second point concerns a proposal to obtain the skulls of Jewish- Bolshevik commissars."

The second letter is a communication from Brandt to IVB4 Eichmann, dated 1 November 1942. It reads: "...on the instructions of the Reichsfuehrer, he wishes to enable the skeleton collection to be established," and Sievers' visit to Eichmann is announced. Attached to this letter as sheet 2 is a specification of how to proceed, in medical terms, when obtaining skulls.

The third communication is dated 2 November 1942. It is another letter from Sievers to Brandt, in which he indicates that all that is now required is for the Head Office for Reich Security to receive official instructions from the Reichsfuehrer for the requisite support. Then there is a fourth document, which appears before the previous document, although it is a later communication. It is another letter from Brandt to Eichmann, dated 6 November 1942, and it is striking that it has the same text as the letter of 1 November 1942, directing that the establishment of the skeleton collection be facilitated.

Attorney General: To avoid misunderstanding - I think I explained when I submitted the letters that Sievers contacts Brandt and suggests a draft for the letter to be addressed to Eichmann. The date which appears on the draft is 1 November 1942. Brandt acts in accordance with Sievers' proposal, and on 6 November 1942, he sends a letter to Eichmann. What appears here, on 1 November 1942, is not a letter but a draft which Sievers is proposing to Brandt: Approach Eichmann in these terms. And Brandt accepts the proposal and approaches Eichmann on 6 November 1942.

Dr. Servatius: It is true that reference is made to a document; but I could not ascertain whether it was this one. However, one thing is quite definite - that there is a letter with the same contents dated 1 November, and there is the draft for the letter dated 6 November 1942.

Presiding Judge: I thought it was the other way round, that the draft was first and then the final letter as signed.

Dr. Servatius: Yes. Generally, it would be assumed that the order of the documents was as I received them - anyway, that is the order as received, and if one goes through Sievers' deposition, which is in the next document, it appears that that is correct, and what happened is that, in fact, two identical letters appear to have been dispatched.

Presiding Judge: At the end of the letter dated 2 November, there is also mention of a draft. I think that is quite clear, Dr. Servatius.

Dr. Servatius: It was as a result of the record of Sievers' interrogation that I first came across this; I also thought initially that it was of no particular significance, but afterwards, when the document is discussed, some explanation of a possible nature will be given.

Presiding Judge: Very well, please proceed.

[ Previous | Index | Next ]

Home ·  Site Map ·  What's New? ·  Search Nizkor

© The Nizkor Project, 1991-2012

This site is intended for educational purposes to teach about the Holocaust and to combat hatred. Any statements or excerpts found on this site are for educational purposes only.

As part of these educational purposes, Nizkor may include on this website materials, such as excerpts from the writings of racists and antisemites. Far from approving these writings, Nizkor condemns them and provides them so that its readers can learn the nature and extent of hate and antisemitic discourse. Nizkor urges the readers of these pages to condemn racist and hate speech in all of its forms and manifestations.