The Trial of Adolf Eichmann: Judgment
(Part 20 of 70)

The Organization Plan for Jewish Affairs in the RSHA

78. In March 1941, the organization chart in the RSHA was revised, and the Accused was put in charge of Section IVB4, which was to deal with "Jewish affairs, evacuation affairs" (T/99). In November 1941, he reached the rank of Obersturmbannfuhrer (Lieutenant Colonel) in the SS.

Here, we must review briefly the organizational side of the handling of Jewish affairs within the framework of the RSHA, as it developed in the course of time. At the beginning, there were two aspects to this, intelligence work and executive measures. At the SD Head Office, intelligence work in connection with Jewish affairs was in the hands of the Accused's old Department II 112, and with the setting up of the RSHA, this Department was brought within the new framework as Section IIB2. Additional duties of intelligence against Jews abroad were carried out by Section VIH2 of the RSHA, "Judaism and Anti-Semitism", headed by Hagen, the Accused's former colleague (T/99, pp. 24, 26 and T/647).

As mentioned above, in December 1939, the Accused was transferred to Department IV of the RSHA, that is the Gestapo, which was the office which occupied itself with executive police duties (T/170). Thus, the gradual transformation of the Accused from an intelligence officer to an executive officer, which began with his activities at the Central Office for Emigration in Vienna, was completed.

In January 1940, his department was absorbed within the regular framework of Department IV as Section IVD4, "Emigration and Evacuation" (T/647). Jewish affairs, as such were still handled in another section of Department IV, namely Section IVD3, headed by a man named Schroeder. Of course, this does not detract from the fact that during this period the Accused was already dealing with Jewish matters within the framework of his own Section, "Emigration and Evacuation." As already mentioned, in March 1941 Jewish affairs as such were also specifically handed over to him within the framework of Section IVB4, in addition to his previous task of "evacuations."

In this same organization chart (T/99), Jewish affairs appear also in Department VII - a new department set up in the meantime for the "Research and Evaluation of Foreign Ideologies," - in other words, intelligence matters, in Section VIIBi, "Freemasons and Jews." No Referent was appointed to this Section (p. 22, supra). Therefore, from now on, the Accused's Section dealt centrally with all matters in the RSHA connected with operations against Jews.

An additional stage in the development of these matters we see in the organization chart dated 1 October 1943 (T/104). Here, the Accused, as head of Section IVB4, also took over matters concerning "confiscation of property of persons hostile to the people and the state, and the cancellation of German nationality," which was previously within the jurisdiction of Section IIA5 (T/99, p. 8). This change-over was dictated by the circumstances, since confiscation of property and cancellation of nationality mainly affected the Jews. The intelligence side was now represented by Section VIIB2, "Judaism," headed by one Ballensiefen (see exhibit T/104 in extenso, which appears in vol. 38 of the Nuremberg Documents, German edition, at p. 60 et seq.).

In the last stage, in 1944, the Accused's Section was given a new designation, IVA4 (T/55 (14), evidence of Huppenkothen, p. 14). In the meantime, the handling of church matters was also transferred to his Section (T/37, pp. 261/2).

The person directly in charge of the Accused from the time he joined Department IV was the head of the department, SS Gruppenfuhrer and Police Lt. General Mueller, but it is not disputed that, in fact, the Accused had direct access to Mueller, thus by-passing the head of the Group.

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