The Trial of Adolf Eichmann: Judgment
(Part 19 of 70)


The Expulsion of the Jews of Baden

77. In October 1940, another expulsion took place, this time westward. All the Jews of the district of Baden and the Saar Palatinate (Saarpfalz), 7,450 in all, were deported to the area of unoccupied France. This was done in accordance with the proposal of the governors of those districts. In the report found in the files of the German Foreign Ministry (T/674), we read of the customary cruelty in carrying out this deportation. All Jews, young and old (the report mentions a man 92 years old), were taken out of their beds at dawn. They were given a respite of a quarter of an hour to two hours to get ready for the journey. They had to leave all their belongings behind, and this is how they were taken to France. They were put into the Gurs camp at the foot of the Pyrenees under the worst possible conditions (Session 41, Vol. II, p. 699).

The Accused's Section IVD4 participated in the execution of this deportation, too, by organizing the transport of the Jews in sealed carriages. Moreover, the Accused personally played an additional part at a critical moment, when the French had to be convinced that they should allow the entry of the trains into the unoccupied area of France - something which they were not obliged to permit by the terms of the armistice (T/37, p. 143; T/637). In his testimony, he told the Court how he succeeded in convincing the French station master at the border railway station that these were German military transports, and thus succeeded in casting the Jews across the border (Session 77, Vol. IV, pp. xxxx26-30).


[ Previous | Index | Next ]