Operational Situation Report USSR No. 191
The Chief of the Security Police and the SD
April 10, 1942
OPERATIONAL SITUATION REPORT USSR No. 191
- Einsatzgruppe A
- Location: Krasnogvardeisk
Within the framework of the Security Police actions, the following arrests were made in the period February 16 to March 21, 1942:
In all: 61
9 counter-intelligence agents and saboteurs
In all: 319
In all: 24
The following were shot:
38 terrorists (among them 7 women)
6 spies (among them 1 woman)
18 NKVD agents and professional criminals (among them 1 Catholic priest)
19 active Communists (among them 12 Russian and one Polish farmer)
1 Russian prisoner of war
24 Jews (among them 1 Jewess)
2 Russian prisoners of war hanged
1 Russian peasant (active Communist)
23 active Communists (among them 24 women)
73 Jews (among them 23 women and 2 children)
14 Poles (resistance movement)
20 Poles (forgers of passports and others among them 4 women)
- Einsatzgruppe C
- Location: Kiev
Situation and mood in the Ukraine; Situation and mood in the Western Ukraine
As always, the Jews constitue the busiest and most active part of the population in the General District Volhynia/Podolia and in the localities from where they have as yet not been resettled. Not only trade, but handicrafts are controlled by them.
So far in Volhynia/Podolia, 40,000 Jews have been resettled [deported]. The Jews in the town are at present concentrated in so-called Jewish quarters which are, however, not completely isolated. Therefore, a very active black market flourished in the Jewish quarters: peasants who came to town exchange clothing and household articles (which they needed urgently) for agricultural products. This nuisance was eliminated through strict police measures. The Jews are servile and subjugated to German officers. Most of them are, for the time being, indespensable as skilled workers and craftsman. The present mood of the Jews which is, of course, not at all identical with their submissive and servile behavior, is best characterized by the following remark made by a Jew: "It would be enough for us if the Bolshevik regime would return even for two hours so that we could take revenge for what is done to us."
The Jews have disappeared from Kharkov ever since they were removed. Nevertheless, there are still some Jews in hiding in the rural districts as well as in town. This occurred with the help of the Ukrainians who, after adequate indoctrination, have recognized the destructive nature of the Jews. They have reported Jews in hiding, or families who housed them; these are being arrested each day. With few exceptions, the attitude of the population of Kharkov to the Jews is absolutely negative.
There are no indications of the remains of an organized Bolshevik organization in the General District Volhynia/Podolia. However, there are individual members and agents of the NKVD all over, who engage in whisper campaigns and seditious activities. In some cases, Jews were also caught for spreading biased reports.
December 20, 1997