The judgment of the International Military Tribunal declared that the SS, the Gestapo, and the SD were criminal organizations. In reaching their decisions, the Court made frequent reference to the deeds of the Einsatzgruppen. These activities contributed largely to the Tribunal's finding that membership in the organizations named constituted crime. We have charged that all of these defendants were members of one or more of these criminal groups on or after 1 September 1939. Proof of such continuing membership supports conviction under count three of our indictment. There will be little doubt that each one knew the criminal nature of the band he joined. If the law condemns any man for these participations none can bear greater guilt than the defendants in this case.
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Trials of War Criminals Before the Nurenberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10, Volume IV, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 51