The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

The Skinhead International: Yugoslavia

There is a small but energetic Serbian Skinhead scene in The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (a country now comprising Serbia and Montenegro). The Skins' focus is on Serbian nationalism, but they also embrace the racism and anti-Semitism of their comrades around the world.

A Yugoslavia-based branch of a United States gang called United White Skinheads is run by Branko Kunovki of Belgrade. Kunovski, in a letter he wrote, took credit for vandalizing a Belgrade synagogue with Nazi stickers from Gary Lauck's Nebraska-based NSDAP-AO and boasted that he booby-trapped them with hidden razors. Kunovski also runs _Predskaanje_ (Prediction), a skinzine, and distributes Serbian Skinhead music internationally. The British skinzine _Last Chance_ reports a "massive" "oi" music scene in Serbia that includes several nationalist Skinhead bands. Ritam Nereda (Rhythm of Disorder) is the most well-known; they sing some songs in English and have received favorable reviews in American and British skinzines. In a 1993 issue of _Dixie Rose_, a now-defunct skinzine from Texas, Boban, the band's singer, described his outlook on recent Yugoslav history:

We think about ourselves as victims of the so called "New World Movement." If the United (Z.O.G.)* Nations hadn't fucked us up everything would be over. We would have our territory back, have saved our people, stopped the Muslims from conquering Europe again, and the war would've ended a long time ago.

Other popular bands are Directori (Directors) and Generacija Bez Buducnosti (Generation Without a Future). The Detroit-based zine _Resistance_ reports that videos of these bands as well as Ritam Nereda have been shown on television. (Anti-Defamation League, 84-85)

* Z.O.G., or Zionist Occupied Government, is a term used mainly by American extremists to indicate Jewish domination of the government.

Work Cited

Anti-Defamation League. The Skinhead International: A Worldwide Survey of Neo-Nazi Skinheads. New York: Anti-Defamation League, 1995. Anti-Defamation League, 823 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017.

Disclaimer: not all skinheads are neo-nazis or white supremacists. There are many skinheads who are non- or anti-racist, and who come from a variety of different religious and cultural backgrounds. Nizkor recognizes their achievements in anti-racism: they are part of the traditional, non-racist skinhead subculture and are not the perpetrators of the hate crimes discussed here.

Unless otherwise specified, the word "skinhead" within these pages refers only to neo-Nazi and white supremacist skinheads, the perpetrators of hate crimes and participants in racist organizations. We cannot edit the body of the text above, because it was not written by Nizkor, and to change the wording would be fraudulent. Please keep in mind that not all skinheads are racist.

The original plaintext version of this file is available via ftp.

[ Index ]

Home ·  Site Map ·  What's New? ·  Search Nizkor

© The Nizkor Project, 1991-2012

This site is intended for educational purposes to teach about the Holocaust and to combat hatred. Any statements or excerpts found on this site are for educational purposes only.

As part of these educational purposes, Nizkor may include on this website materials, such as excerpts from the writings of racists and antisemites. Far from approving these writings, Nizkor condemns them and provides them so that its readers can learn the nature and extent of hate and antisemitic discourse. Nizkor urges the readers of these pages to condemn racist and hate speech in all of its forms and manifestations.