The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Skinhead International: Germany


1. Around the time of Moelln, large numbers of Germans took to the streets to express outrage at the neo-Nazi violence. In Berlin, a government-backed rally drew 300,000 anti-Nazi protesters, while additional candlelight vigils and protest marches attracted large numbers of Berliners. There followed demonstrations of 400,000 in Munich, 120,000 each in Karlsruhe and Stuttgart, 400,000 in Hamburg, 250,000 in Essen and 200,000 once again in Berlin. It is estimated that a total of some three million Germans took part in these anti-Nazi expressions.

2. Boehse Onkelz have since shed their affinity with neo-Nazisim.

3. Most recently, police stopped 231 Skins who were on their way to a concert planned for March 25, 1995, in Triptis (near Erfurt in eastern Germany), and prevented the event from taking place.

4. The FAP was banned in February 1995.

Work Cited

Anti-Defamation League. The Skinhead International: A Worldwide Survey of Neo-Nazi Skinheads. New York: Anti-Defamation League, 1995. Anti-Defamation League, 823 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017.

Disclaimer: not all skinheads are neo-nazis or white supremacists. There are many skinheads who are non- or anti-racist, and who come from a variety of different religious and cultural backgrounds. Nizkor recognizes their achievements in anti-racism: they are part of the traditional, non-racist skinhead subculture and are not the perpetrators of the hate crimes discussed here.

Unless otherwise specified, the word "skinhead" within these pages refers only to neo-Nazi and white supremacist skinheads, the perpetrators of hate crimes and participants in racist organizations. We cannot edit the body of the text above, because it was not written by Nizkor, and to change the wording would be fraudulent. Please keep in mind that not all skinheads are racist.

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