The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

The Trial of German Major War Criminals

Sitting at Nuremberg, Germany
August 22 to August 31, 1946

CONCLUDING SPEECHES ON INDICTED ORGANIZATIONS by Defence and Prosecution on 22, 23, 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30.8.46.

The fundamental human rights; Hitler's " demonocracy"; his ideology of destruction.

The indicted organizations as instruments of Nazi tyranny; their interdependence and co-operation.

Declaration of criminality: Its legal problem, and the question of expediency, Its elements (see Part 8) : Group character; Voluntariness of membership; Criminal nature of aims and methods; Members knowledge of criminal character of their organizations - Hitler's secrecy order; Connection of indicted organizations with individual defendants.

Exclusions from declaration of criminality.

Prosecution's observations on Defence witnesses

The Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party (see Part 3; Part 20; Part 21)

Numerical data; Check on political reliability.

Concentration camps; Euthanasia; Persecution of the Church; of the Jews.

Germanization; Foreign slave labour; Lynching of Allied airmen; Ill-treatment and murder of prisoners of war.

The Gestapo (see Part 3; Part 20; Part 21)

Engineering of frontier incidents; Einsatz Groups; Concentration camps; Commando order and lynching of Allied airmen; "Night and Fog" decree; Third degree interrogations; Persecution and extermination of Jews; Shooting of hostages.

The SS (see Part 3; Part 20; Part 21)

Argument on organizational unity of the SS; Ideological training for and extent of SS crimes-Himmler speeches; Condoning of crimes by corrupt judiciary.

Concentration and extermination camps; Murder of Soviet prisoners of war; Massacre of civilians

The SD (see Part 3; Part 20; Part 21)

Argument on term "SD"; Engineering of frontier incidents; Einsatz Groups; Concentration camps; Persecution of the Jews; of the Church; Fifth column activities.

The General Staff and High Command (see Part 3; Part 4; Part 21; Part 22)

Mentality of German Officers Corps; Planning of aggression; Commissar order; Commando order; Co-operation with Einsatz Groups.

The soldier's duty to obey.

The Reich Cabinet (see Part 3; Part 20; Part 2I)

Gradual decline of Cabinet powers and Hitler's rise to dictatorship; Conference of 5th November, 1937; Argument on Cabinet legislation and against its connection with planning of aggressive war.

The SA (see Part 3; Part 21; Part 22)

Background and consequences of blood purge of 30.6.34; Military character of SA and its part in aggression.

Persecution of the Jews; of the Church; Guarding of prisoners of war; of ghettos and concentration camps.

  • Session 209, August 22, 1946 (Part 1 of 9)

    Submission of documents including affidavits by Defence Counsel for SA (concluded); by Prosecution in rebuttal of Defence evidence for the indicted organizations

  • Session 210, August 23, 1946 (Part 1 of 10)

  • Session 211, August 26, 1946 (Part 1 of 12)

    The case for the GENERAL. STAFF and HIGH COMMAND (supplemented)

    Oral evidence of Major General Walter Schreiber, Army Medical Services, on Preparations for bacteriological warfare (see Part 21)

    Submission of Defence document

    Experiments on concentration camp inmates and Russian prisoners of war

  • Session 212, August 27, 1946 (Part 1 of 11)

  • Session 213, August 28, 1946 (Part 1 of 13)

  • Session 214, August 29, 1946 (Part 1 of 14)

  • Session 215, August 30, 1946 (Part 1 of 10)

  • Session 216, August 31, 1946 (Part 1 of 7)

    Final Statement by Defendants

    Goering, Hess, Ribbentrop, Keitel, Kaltenbrunner, Rosenberg, Frank, Frick, Streicher, Funk, Schacht, Donitz, Raeder, Von Schirach, Sauckel, Jodl, von Papen, Seyss-Inquart, Speer, von Neurath, Fritzsche

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