The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

The Trial of German Major War Criminals

Sitting at Nuremberg, Germany
February 14 to February 26, 1946

(Versión en Español)
  • Session 59, February 14, 1946 (Part 1 of 15)

    WAR CRIMES (Contd.): Crimes against prisoners of war (concluded) (Colonel Pokrovsky): "Special treatment" in Educational Labour Camps; Nazi brutalities against members: of the Polish Forces-mass executions in the Katyn forest, of the Yugoslav Forces-their treatment as "bandits". Crimes against the civilian populations in the Eastern Countries (Mr. Smirnov): Introductory remarks on uniformity of criminal methods and techniques of depopulation; Training for murder by issue of "The Twelve Commandments for the behaviour of Germans in the East and for their treatment of Russians" and by lectures; by courses in burning corpses, by practice shooting at living targets. Nazi regime of terror: Tortures and murder (Molotov Note of 6th January, 1942); Use by German troops of Soviet civilians: as shield against Red Army, for clearing minefields

  • Session 60, February 15, 1946 (Part 1 of 8)

    Nazi regime of terror: for medical experiments. Judicial terror-lawlessness under the guise of law: The responsibility of defendant Hans Frank, "Legal" reduction of Poles and Jews to slaves, System of "Standgerichte (drum-head courts martial)in Czechoslovakia. Mass extermination: Organisation of so-called special commandos- their powers and tasks, Keitel directive of 16th December, 1942, for anti-partisan warfare-impunity of German soldiers for any acts against Soviet civilians, Effects of Keitel's directive on the civilian population-reports of Extraordinary State Commission and Molotov Note Of 27th April, 1942, on appalling German atrocities. Other terror methods: Sadistic tortures during interrogations; Reprisals: Taking and killing of hostages.

  • Session 61, February 18, 1946 (Part 1 of 7)

    Tribunal's ruling on submission of evidence by Defence
    Argument on Defence Counsel's motion for a recess after conclusion of Prosecution's case: Destruction of villages and the inhabitants (The case of Lidice in Czechoslovakia), Atrocities against children (burning, gassing, drowning). Photographs of atrocities shown and commented on: Reports on Nazi crimes by Polish, Yugoslav and Greek Governments, by the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission and by medico- forensic experts

  • Session 62, February 19, 1946 (Part 1 of 6)

    Tribunal's ruling on Defence motion of 18th February, 1946: Recess not granted. Extermination by gas vans; Systematic infection of concentration camp inmates by transfer of typhus-stricken patients from camp to camp; Death industry: Contracts for concentration camp crematoria Trade in dead women's hair, ground human bones, clothing and other articles of deceased internees; Concealment of crimes: exhuming and burning of corpses,crushing of bones, camouflaging of grave sites. Death industry (concluded): Manufacture of soap from human fat and tanning of human skin.

  • Session 63 February 20, 1946 (Part 1 of 8)

    Plunder of public and private property: Czechoslovakia: Dispossession of Czech farmers, Expropriation of banks and industries. Poland: Sequestration and confiscation, Defendant Hans Frank's activities-excerpts from his diary. Yugoslavia and Greece: Predatory currency and credit measures Requisitions, fines, confiscations U.S.S.R : Programme for plunder: "Barbarossa, Oldenburg" plan and other directives elaborated before invasion; Implementation of programme: Molotov Notes of 6th January, 1942, and 27th. April, 1942,and reports of Extraordinary State Commission; Statistics of damage; Responsibility of individual defendants, particularly Goering and Keitel. Concluding remarks

  • Session 64, February 21, 1946 (Part 1 of 8)

    Looting and destruction of works of art and science and of religious and social institutions: Introductory remarks: on "Einsatzstab Rosenberg"; on Ribbentrop's "Special Purpose Battalion"; on Goering's "acquisitions". Czechoslovakia, Poland, Yugoslavia: Nazi methods of suppressing national culture: closing down of schools and universities-removal; of scientific books and instruments, libraries and art collections-purge and control of literature- annihilation of intelligentsia-spoliation of cultural monuments. U.S.S.R: Molotov Notes and Extraordinary State Commission's reports on wholesale looting and destruction of cultural and social institutions. Film on destruction of art and museums in U.S.S.R shown

  • Session 65, February 22, 1946 (Part 1 of 7)

    Destruction of cities and towns without military necessity: Devastation by special detachments before retreat of German troops; The fate of capitals of invaded countries (Leningrad, Belgrade, Warsaw); Destruction by punitive expeditions in retaliation for alleged partisan activities. Film on destruction of Lidice shown. Extraordinary State Commission's summary of destruction. Film on destruction in U.S.S.R territories shown: Oral evidence of Soviet citizen Joseph Abgarovitch Orbeli, former director of Hermitage State Museum, on destruction of art and cultural monuments in Leningrad; Deportation for slave labour of civilian populations of the Eastern Countries-complicity of Nazi Government and Party and of German High Command.

  • Session 66, February 23, 1946 (Part 1 of 8)

    Tribunal's order prescribing procedure for submission of evidence and presentation of case by Defence.
    Defence Counsel's submission and Prosecution's views, on witnesses and documents: for defendant Hermann Wilhehn GOERING; Prosecution's, objection to admissibility of evidence on the issues of "tu quoque" Defence Counsel's reply (doctrine of reprisal). for defendant Rudolf HESS; for defendant Joachim von RIBBENTROP

  • Session 67, February 25, 1946 (Part 1 of 8)

    Prosecution's views as to starting point of the Nazi Conspiracy and on the question of responsibility of a conspirator for acts committed prior to his joining the conspiracy. for defendant Wilhelm KEITEL;
    COUNT FOUR-Crimes against Humanity in the Eastern Countries: Extermination of Slav peoples: Starvation

  • Session 68, February 26, 1946 (Part 1 of 7)

    Deportation and expulsion: Oral evidence of Soviet citizen Jakob Grigoriev on destruction of a Soviet village and its inhabitants as reprisal for alleged harbouring of partisans; Discrimination against Soviet prisoners of war by particularly severe treatment. Oral evidence of Soviet citizen Dr. Eugene Alexandrovich Kivelisha, physician, on his experiences as prisoner of war in P.O.W. camps; Murder of 50 R.A.F. officers recaptured after escape from "Stalag Luft III" (for continuation of this case, see Part 8). Extermination of Jews

Under the Authority of H.M. Attorney-General
By His Majesty's Stationery Office

[ Index ]

Home ·  Site Map ·  What's New? ·  Search Nizkor

© The Nizkor Project, 1991-2012

This site is intended for educational purposes to teach about the Holocaust and to combat hatred. Any statements or excerpts found on this site are for educational purposes only.

As part of these educational purposes, Nizkor may include on this website materials, such as excerpts from the writings of racists and antisemites. Far from approving these writings, Nizkor condemns them and provides them so that its readers can learn the nature and extent of hate and antisemitic discourse. Nizkor urges the readers of these pages to condemn racist and hate speech in all of its forms and manifestations.