WAR CRIMES (Contd.): Crimes against prisoners of war (concluded) (Colonel Pokrovsky): "Special treatment" in Educational Labour Camps; Nazi brutalities against members: of the Polish Forces-mass executions in the Katyn forest, of the Yugoslav Forces-their treatment as "bandits". Crimes against the civilian populations in the Eastern Countries (Mr. Smirnov): Introductory remarks on uniformity of criminal methods and techniques of depopulation; Training for murder by issue of "The Twelve Commandments for the behaviour of Germans in the East and for their treatment of Russians" and by lectures; by courses in burning corpses, by practice shooting at living targets. Nazi regime of terror: Tortures and murder (Molotov Note of 6th January, 1942); Use by German troops of Soviet civilians: as shield against Red Army, for clearing minefields
Nazi regime of terror: for medical experiments. Judicial terror-lawlessness under the guise of law: The responsibility of defendant Hans Frank, "Legal" reduction of Poles and Jews to slaves, System of "Standgerichte (drum-head courts martial)in Czechoslovakia. Mass extermination: Organisation of so-called special commandos- their powers and tasks, Keitel directive of 16th December, 1942, for anti-partisan warfare-impunity of German soldiers for any acts against Soviet civilians, Effects of Keitel's directive on the civilian population-reports of Extraordinary State Commission and Molotov Note Of 27th April, 1942, on appalling German atrocities. Other terror methods: Sadistic tortures during interrogations; Reprisals: Taking and killing of hostages.
Tribunal's ruling on submission of evidence by Defence
Argument on Defence Counsel's motion for a recess after conclusion of Prosecution's case: Destruction of villages and the inhabitants (The case of Lidice in Czechoslovakia), Atrocities against children (burning, gassing, drowning). Photographs of atrocities shown and commented on: Reports on Nazi crimes by Polish, Yugoslav and Greek Governments, by the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission and by medico- forensic experts
Tribunal's ruling on Defence motion of 18th February, 1946: Recess not granted. Extermination by gas vans; Systematic infection of concentration camp inmates by transfer of typhus-stricken patients from camp to camp; Death industry: Contracts for concentration camp crematoria Trade in dead women's hair, ground human bones, clothing and other articles of deceased internees; Concealment of crimes: exhuming and burning of corpses,crushing of bones, camouflaging of grave sites. Death industry (concluded): Manufacture of soap from human fat and tanning of human skin.
Plunder of public and private property: Czechoslovakia: Dispossession of Czech farmers, Expropriation of banks and industries. Poland: Sequestration and confiscation, Defendant Hans Frank's activities-excerpts from his diary. Yugoslavia and Greece: Predatory currency and credit measures Requisitions, fines, confiscations U.S.S.R : Programme for plunder: "Barbarossa, Oldenburg" plan and other directives elaborated before invasion; Implementation of programme: Molotov Notes of 6th January, 1942, and 27th. April, 1942,and reports of Extraordinary State Commission; Statistics of damage; Responsibility of individual defendants, particularly Goering and Keitel. Concluding remarks
Looting and destruction of works of art and science and of religious and social institutions: Introductory remarks: on "Einsatzstab Rosenberg"; on Ribbentrop's "Special Purpose Battalion"; on Goering's "acquisitions". Czechoslovakia, Poland, Yugoslavia: Nazi methods of suppressing national culture: closing down of schools and universities-removal; of scientific books and instruments, libraries and art collections-purge and control of literature- annihilation of intelligentsia-spoliation of cultural monuments. U.S.S.R: Molotov Notes and Extraordinary State Commission's reports on wholesale looting and destruction of cultural and social institutions. Film on destruction of art and museums in U.S.S.R shown
Destruction of cities and towns without military
Devastation by special detachments before retreat
of German troops;
The fate of capitals of invaded countries
(Leningrad, Belgrade, Warsaw);
Destruction by punitive expeditions in retaliation
for alleged partisan activities.
Film on destruction of Lidice shown.
Extraordinary State Commission's summary of
Film on destruction in U.S.S.R territories shown:
Oral evidence of Soviet citizen Joseph Abgarovitch
Orbeli, former director of Hermitage State Museum, on
destruction of art and cultural monuments in Leningrad;
Deportation for slave labour of civilian populations of
the Eastern Countries-complicity of Nazi Government and
Party and of German High Command.
THE CASE FOR THE DEFENCE OF THE INDIVIDUAL DEFENDANTS: ARGUMENTS ON DEFENCE WITNESSES AND DOCUMENTS
Tribunal's order prescribing procedure for submission of
evidence and presentation of case by Defence.
Defence Counsel's submission and Prosecution's views, on witnesses and documents: for defendant Hermann Wilhehn GOERING; Prosecution's, objection to admissibility of evidence on the issues of "tu quoque" Defence Counsel's reply (doctrine of reprisal). for defendant Rudolf HESS; for defendant Joachim von RIBBENTROP
Prosecution's views as to starting point of the
Nazi Conspiracy and on the question of
responsibility of a conspirator for acts committed
prior to his joining the conspiracy.
for defendant Wilhelm KEITEL;
COUNT FOUR-Crimes against Humanity in the Eastern Countries: Extermination of Slav peoples: Starvation
Deportation and expulsion: Oral evidence of Soviet citizen Jakob Grigoriev on destruction of a Soviet village and its inhabitants as reprisal for alleged harbouring of partisans; Discrimination against Soviet prisoners of war by particularly severe treatment. Oral evidence of Soviet citizen Dr. Eugene Alexandrovich Kivelisha, physician, on his experiences as prisoner of war in P.O.W. camps; Murder of 50 R.A.F. officers recaptured after escape from "Stalag Luft III" (for continuation of this case, see Part 8). Extermination of Jews
Under the Authority of H.M. Attorney-General
By His Majesty's Stationery Office
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