The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

The Trial of German Major War Criminals
Sitting at Nuremberg, Germany
February 2 to February 13, 1946

(Versión en Español)
  • Session 49, February 2, 1946 (Part 1 of 4)

    Germanisation of annexed territories (concluded) M. Faure
    Luxembourg: Denationalisation and Nazifiaction as specified in the case of Alsace and Lorraine.
    Germanisation in territories invaded, but not annexed: Introductory remarks on nazi seizures of soverignty by various administrative organs, and on their joint responsibility; Oral evidence of Jacobus Vorrink, President of the Socilaist Party of the Netherlands, on Germanisation in the Netherlands
    Denmark: German political, cultural and economic infiltration prior to invasion, Seizure of soverignty: Encroachments on soverignty by German diplomtic representation

    • [ 2 | 3 | 4 ]

  • Session 50, February 4, 1946 (Part 1 of 8)

    Usupration of soverignty by a rigid German police regime
    Norway and The Netherlands: Instruments of usurpation: Appointment of Reichskommissar; Strengthening of local nazi Party (Quisling Government in Normay). Usurpation of soverignty: Recruitment for German Army; Abolition of civil liberties and introduction of leadership principle; Campaign against universities and students.
    Belgium: Usurpation of soverignty, as specified in the case of Norway and the Netherlands, by German military administration
    Oral evidence by M. van der Essen, Professor of History at Louvain University, on destruction of the library of Louvain and on Nazification of Belgian administration and universities
    France: Usurpation of soverignty: Elimination of "spiritual reserves"; Imposition of Nazi ideology: Abolition of right of assembly and association

  • Session 51, February 5, 1946 (Part 1 of 14)

    Ideological Germanisation and Propaganda (continued)
    Imposition of Nazi ideology:
    Suppression of disapproved literature and restriction of publications by means of paper rationing

    Strict control over Press, cinema, radio - severest penalties for listening to foreign broadcasts.
    German propaganda films and photographs of German propaganda posters shown and commented on. M. Fuster.

    Organisation of criminal activites - collective criminal intent M. Faure
    Ever increasing persecution of Jews in France and their eventual deportation

    "Compensatory" murders in Denmark by terror groups under orders from highest quarters

  • Session 52, February 6, 1946 (Part 1 of 6)

    Pillage of works of art - activities of "Einsatzstab Rosenberg" as main agency for seizure of private and public art property M. Gerthoffer.

    Individual responsibility of Defendants for War Crimes in Western countries

  • Session 53, February 7, 1946 (Part 1 of 18)

    Responsibility of:
    Defendant Alfred Rosenberg for pillage of works of art, in co-operation with defendants Keitel and Göring
    Defendant Fritz Sauckel for forced labour programme
    Defendant Albert Speer for participation in forced labour programme
    Defendant Hermann Wilhelm Göring for murder of Commandos and Allied airmen, for forced labour, for economic looting and pillage of art treasures, for experiments on concentration camp inmates
    Defendant Artur Seyss-Inquart for terrorist measures in Holland (collective fines, hostages, courts of summary jurisdiction), for deportation of workers, for economic looting and pillage of art treasures, for wanton destructions
    Defendants Wilhelm Keitel and Alfred Jodl (M. Quatre) for murder and ill-treatment of civilians, exaction of collective penalties, killing of hostages, for Germanisation measures, for wanton destructions, for mobilisation and deportation of forced labour, for economic looting and pillage of art treasures, for employment of prisoners of war in the German war economy
    Defendant Rudolf Hess - his individual responsibility under Counts One and Two (Lt-Colonel Griffith-Jones)
    List of his positions and scope of his authority as the Führer's Deputy, His leading part in Nazi acquisition and consolidation of power. Crimes against Peace: Preparation of aggressive war by promoting rearmament, by organising the German Fifth Column. Participation in aggressive action against Austria and Czechoslovakia. The story of his flight to England

  • Session 54, February 8, 1946 (Part 1 of 22)

    Counts Three and Four (continued)
    Opening statement on aggression as an international crime and on ideological preparation for aggressive war (General Rudenko)
    Review of attacks on Czechoslovakia, Poland, Yugoslavia and U.S.S.R. and of planning and execution of War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity
    Outline of documentation and order of the Soviet Prosecution's case (Colonel Karev)
    Crimes against Peace: Introductory remarks on Germany's fraudulent foreign policy (Colonel Pokrovsky)
    Czechoslovakia - Nazi campaign from within: Fifth Column activities, Forstering of Henlein's Sudeten-German Party and Free Corps

  • Session 55, February 9, 1946 (Part 1 of 5)

    "Case Green" - Plan for staging a provacative incident (Czechoslovakia)
    Poland - Policy of false assurances, The Danzig question and operational plan "Fall Weiss", Hitler's idea of Poland's place in Europe's "New Order"

  • Session 56, February 11, 1946 (Part 1 of 14)

    Yugoslavia - Hitler conference and directive of 27.3.41 - decision to attack, Previous policy of duplicity: Creation of Fifth Column (German minorities and separatist elements), Assurances of friendship, Directive for the partition of Yugoslavia
    U.S.S.R. (Major-General Zorya) - "Case Barbarossa"; Oral evidence of Friedrich Paulus, German Field Marshal and Commander at Stalingrad, on "Case Barbarossa" and on military discussions with Roumania, Hungary and Finland; Activities of German Military Intelligence and Himmler's Secret Intelligence Service in preparation and execution of "Case Barbarossa"; Germany's satellites as auxiliaries in the attack against U.S.S.R.

  • Session 57, February 12, 1946 (Part 1 of 18)

    Oral evidence of Friedrich Paulus concluded.
    Roumania - the role of Marshal Ion Antonescu, head of Roumanian Government
    Oral evidence of Erich Buschenhagen, German General of the Infantry, on co-operation with the Finnish Army; Finland; Hungary

  • Session 58, February 13, 1946 (Part 1 of 19)

    Further aggressions contemplated for period following termination of Eastern campaign
    War Crimes:
    Crimes against prisoners of war (Colonel Pokrovsky); Introductory remarks on international conventions governing the treatment of P.o.W.s, Note of People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs, V.M. Molotiv, of 25.11.41 on German atrocities committed against Soviet P.o.W.s
    System of orders relating to Soviet P.o.W.s: for starvation, for murder (Molotov note of 27.4.42), by shooting without warning in case of attempt to escape, by poisoning P.o.W.s unfit for work, by liquidating political commissars; for branding of P.o.W.s
    Application of these orders in P.o.W. camps and hospitals -- heinous camp régime, atrocious living and working conditions

Under the Authority of H.M. Attorney-General
By His Majesty's Stationery Office

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