The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

The Trial of German Major War Criminals

Sitting at Nuremberg, Germany
7th January to 19th January, 1946

Thirty-First Day: Thursday, January 10th, 1946
(Part 5 of 10)


[Page 149]

If I might quote from four speeches and articles showing his early activities from 1922 to 1933 - at Page 3 of the Tribunal's document book, M-11 - that is an extract from a speech that he made in 1922 in Nuremberg, and, after abusing the Jews in the first paragraph - I only refer to the last few lines:
"We know that Germany will be free when the Jew has been excluded from the life of the German people."
I pass to the next document, which is M-12, on Page 4. The first document was Exhibit GB 165. That is the book, I understand, that is being given that number, so that the next document, which is taken from the same book, will be the same. Perhaps I might be allowed to read that short extract. It is an extract from a speech:
"I beg you, and particularly those of you who carry the cross throughout the land, to become somewhat more serious when I speak of the enemy of the German people, namely, the Jew. Not out of irresponsibility or for fun do I fight against the Jewish enemy, but because I bear within me the knowledge that the whole misfortune was brought to Germany by the Jews alone.

I ask you once more, what is at stake to-day? The Jew seeks domination not only among the German people but among all peoples. The Communists pave the way for him. Do you not know that the God of the Old Testament ordered the Jews to devour and enslave the peoples of the earth?

The Government allows the Jew to do as he pleases. The people expect action to be taken. You may think about Adolf Hitler as you please, but one thing you must admit. He possessed the courage to attempt to free the German people from the Jew by a national revolution. That was action indeed."

The next short extract appearing on the next page is taken from a speech in April, 1925:
"You must realise that the Jew wants our people to perish. That is why you must join us and leave those who have brought you nothing but war and inflation and discord. For thousands of years the Jew has been destroying the nations."
I ask the Tribunal to note now these last few words: "Let us make a new beginning so that we can annihilate the Jews." My Lord, so far as I have been able to find, that is the earliest expression of annihilation of the Jewish race. Perhaps it gave birth to what was, fourteen years later, to become the official policy of the Nazi Government.

And one further passage from this period. This is April, 1932, M-14, taken from the same book. He starts by saying:

"For 13 years I have fought against Jewry."
I quote the last paragraph only:
"We know that the Jew, whether he is baptised as a Protestant or as a Catholic, remains a Jew. Why can you not realise this, you Protestant clergymen, you Catholic priests, you who have scales before your eyes and serve the God of the Jews, who is not the God of Love but the God of Hate. Why do you not listen to Christ, who said to the Jews: 'You are the children of the Devil'."
That, then, was the kind of performance he was putting up during those early years. When the Nazi Party came to power, they officially started their campaign against the Jews by the boycott of 1st April, 1933. Now, of that

[Page 155]

boycott the Tribunal have already had evidence, and I would do no more now than to remind the Tribunal in a word of what happened.

The boycott was agreed on and approved of by the whole Government, as was shown in a document which is already before you, 2156-PS, Exhibit USA 262, which was Goebbels' diary.

Streicher was appointed the chairman of the central committee for the organisation of that boycott, which appears in Document 2056-PS, Exhibit USA 263. It was then said that he started his work on Wednesday the 29th.

On that same day the central committee issued a proclamation in which it was said that the boycott would start on Saturday, at 10 a.m. sharp. "Jewry will realise whom it has challenged." That short quotation appears in Document 3387- PS, which is Exhibit USA 566, which is a volume of "Der Sturmer." In actual fact, it is a copy of "Der Sturmer" which is already before the Court.

I would refer the Tribunal to one short passage from an article in the "Nationalsocialistische Partei Korrepondenz," which the defendant wrote on 30th March, 1933, before the boycott was due to start. It is Document 2153-PS, and it appears on Page 12 of the Tribunal's book, which becomes Exhibit GB 166. There he writes, under the title, "Defeat the Enemy of the World! - by Julius Streicher, official leader of the central committee to combat the Jewish atrocity and boycott campaign":

"Jewry wanted this battle. It shall have it until it realises that the Germany of the brown battalions is not a country of cowardice and surrender. Jewry will have to fight until we have won victory.

National Socialists! Defeat the enemy of the world. Even if the world is full of devils, we shall succeed in the end."

As head of the central committee for that boycott, Streicher outlined in detail the organisation of the boycott, in orders which the committee published on the 31st March, 1933, which is the next document in the book, 2154-PS, Exhibit GB 167. I can summarise those.

The committee stressed that no violence was to be employed against the Jews on the occasion of that boycott, but not perhaps for humane reasons; it was because, if there were no violence employed, then Jewish employers would have no grounds for discharging their employees without notice, and no grounds for refusing to pay them any wages.

The Jews were also reported to be apparently transferring businesses to German figureheads in order to alleviate the results of this persecution, and the committee laid it down that any property so transferred was to be considered as Jewish for the purpose of the boycott.

I do not think I need go into that any further. It does show that at that date Streicher was taking a leading part, and a leading part under Government appointment, in the persecution of the Jews.

I would now refer the Court again to a few further extracts to show the form that this propaganda developed as the years went on. At Page 18 of the document book, Document M-20, we have an article in the New Year's issue of a new paper that he had just founded. It was a semi-medical paper called "The People's Health Through Blood and Soil," edited by himself, and it is an example of the really remarkable lengths to which he went in putting over this propaganda against the Jews. I quote:

"It is established for all eternity: alien albumen is the sperm of a man of alien race. The male sperm in cohabitation is partially or completely absorbed by the female, and thus enters her bloodstream. One single cohabitation of a Jew with an Aryan woman is sufficient to poison her blood for ever. Together with the alien albumen she has absorbed the alien soul. Never again will she be able to bear purely Aryan children,

[Page 156]

even when married to an Aryan. They will all be bastards, with a dual soul and a body of a mixed breed. Their children too will be crossbreeds; that means, ugly people of unsteady character and with a tendency to illnesses. Now we know why the Jew uses every artifice of seduction in order to ravish German girls at as early an age as possible; why the Jewish doctor rapes his female patients while they are under anaesthesia. He wants the German girl and the German woman to absorb the alien sperm of the Jew. She is never again to bear German children. But the blood products of all animals right down to the bacteria, such as the serum, lymph, extracts from internal organs, etc., are also alien albumen. They have a poisonous effect if directly introduced into the bloodstream either by vaccination or by injection. By these products of sick animals the blood is ravished, the Aryan is impregnated with an alien species. The author and abettor of such action is the Jew. He has been aware of the secrets of the race question for centuries, and therefore plans systematically the annihilation of the nations which are superior to him. Science and authorities are his instruments for the enforcing of pseudo-science and the concealment of truth."
That becomes, my Lord, Exhibit GB 168.

The next document, also at the beginning of 1935, an extract from his own paper, "Der Sturmer," entitled "The Chosen People of the Criminals" -

"And all the same, or, let us say, just because of this, the history book of the Jews, which is usually called the Holy Scriptures, impresses us as a horrible criminal romance, which makes the 150 shilling-shockers of the British Jew, Edgar Wallace, grow pale with envy. This 'holy' book abounds in murder, incest, fraud, theft and indecency."
On the 4th of October, 1935 - and the Tribunal will remember that that was the month after the Nuremberg Decrees had been made - he made a speech which is reported in the "Volkischer Beobachter" and is entitled in that newspaper, "Safeguard of German Blood and German Honour." I read the report in that article:
"Gauleiter Streicher speaks at a German Labour Front mass demonstration for the Nuremberg Laws."
Then the first line of the actual article says that he spoke for the second time within a few weeks. I quote only the last two lines of that first large paragraph:
"We have therefore to unmask the Jew, and that is what I have been doing for the past fifteen years."
That remark apparently was met with tempestuous applause. That Document M-34 becomes Exhibit GB 169.

And, my Lord, I think it unnecessary to quote from the next document in the Tribunal's book. It is very much the same type of thing. On Page 22 of the document book, M-6, there is a leading article by Streicher in his "Der Sturmer " of which I would refer only to the last half of the last paragraph, where again he emphasises the part that he himself has taken in this campaign.

"'Der Sturmer's' fifteen years of work of enlightenment has already led an army of those who know - millions strong - to National Socialism. The continued work of 'Der Sturmer' will help to ensure that every German down to the last man will, with heart and hand, join the ranks of those whose aim it is to crush the head of the serpent Pan-Juda beneath their heels. He who helps to bring this about helps to eliminate the devil, and this devil is the Jew."
That document becomes Exhibit GB 170.

The next document - I only include it in the document book again to show the extraordinary length to which he went in his propaganda, and it consists of a

[Page 157]

photograph of the burning hull of the airship "Hindenburg" when it went on fire in June, 1937, in America. Underneath it the caption includes the comment, "The first radio picture from the United States of America shows quite clearly that a Jew stands behind the explosion of our airship 'Hindenburg.' Nature has depicted quite clearly and quite correctly that devil in human guise."

And although it is not at all clear from that photograph, I think the meaning of that comment is that the cloud of smoke in the air is in the shape of a Jewish face.

On the next page, Document M-4, is a speech he made in September, 1937, at the opening of a bridge in Nuremberg. I would quote only the last paragraph on Page 24. The bridge in question is called the Wilhelm Gustloff bridge, and he says:

"The man who murdered Wilhelm Gustloff had to come from the Jewish people, because the Jewish text books teach that every Jew has the right to kill a non-Jew, and indeed, that it is pleasing to the Jewish God to kill as many non-Jews as possible.

Look at the road the Jewish people have been following for thousands of years past; everywhere murder, everywhere mass murder. Neither must we forget that behind present-day wars there stands the Jewish financier who pursues his aims and interests. The Jew always lives on the blood of other nations; he needs such murder and such victims. For us who know, the murder of Wilhelm Gustloff is the same as ritual murder."

And then on the next page:
"We must tell our children that it is the duty of German children at school, and the bigger ones, to learn what this memorial means."
I go to the next paragraph:
"The Jew no longer shows himself among us openly as he used to. But it would be wrong to say that victory is ours. Full and final victory will have been achieved only when the whole world has been rid of Jews."
That becomes Exhibit GB 171.

Now the next two documents in your document books are simply extracts from the correspondence columns of "Der Sturmer," showing again one of the methods he employed in this propaganda. I do not need to read them. The correspondence columns of all his issues are full of letters coming in from Germans saying that, for instance, some German has been buying her shoes from a Jewish shop and so on, and in that way assisting in the general boycott of the Jews. In other words, they really are a weekly column of libels against the Jews all over Germany.

I pass then to another and particular form of propaganda that he employed, and which he called "Ritual Murder." The Tribunal may well remember that some years ago, I think it started in 1934, this "Der Sturmer" began publishing accounts of Jewish ritual murder which horrified the whole world to such an extent that the Archbishop of Canterbury eventually wrote to "The Times" protesting, as indeed did people from every country in the world, protesting that any Government should allow matter like this to be published in its national newspapers.

He takes his ritual murder, I understand, from a medieval belief that during their Eastertide celebrations the Jews were in the habit of murdering Christian children, and he enlarges upon this and misrepresents this belief, this medieval belief, to show that not only did they do it in the Middle Ages, but that they are still doing it and still want to do it. And if I might just quote one or two passages from his newspapers and show one or two pictures which he published in connection with his campaign of ritual murder, it will illustrate to the Court the type of teaching and propaganda that he was putting up. One Page 29 of the Tribunal's document book, I will quote from the third but last paragraph:

[Page 158]

"This the French front-line soldier should take with him to France: The German people have taken a new lease of life. They want peace, but if anybody tries to attack them, if anyone tries to torture them again, if anyone tries to push them back into the past, then the world would see another heroic epic; then Heaven will decide where righteousness lies here, or where the Jew has the whip hand and where he instigates massacres, one could almost say the biggest ritual murders of all times. If the German people are to be slaughtered according to the Jewish rites, the whole world will be thus slaughtered at the same time."
And the last paragraph:
"As you have drummed morning and evening prayers into your children's heads, so now drum this into their heads, so that the German people may gain the spiritual power to convince the rest of the world which the Jews desire to lead against us."
That document is M-2, Exhibit GB 172.

And on the following page of the document book there is a reproduction of a photograph taken from the "Der Sturmer" of April, 1937, which illustrates three Jews ritually murdering a girl by cutting her throat, and shows the blood pouring out into a bucket on the ground. The caption underneath that photograph is as follows: "Ritual murder at Polna. Ritual murder of Agnes Hruza by the Jews Hilsner, Erdmann and Wassermann (taken from a contemporary postcard)." That is Exhibit USA 258. It is in a copy of "Der Sturmer," which has already been put in.

There appears in the next page of the document book an extract from that same "Der Sturmer," April, 1937. I will not read it now, because it has been put in and has all been read to the Court. It describes what happens when ritual murder takes place, and the blood is mixed with the bread and drunk by the Jews having their feast. The Tribunal will remember that during the feast the head of the family exclaims, "May all gentiles perish - as the child whose blood is contained in the bread and wine."

That is already Exhibit USA 258, and it has been read in the transcript (Page 381, Part 2).

THE PRESIDENT: Would that be a good time to break off?


(A recess was taken until 14.00 hours.)

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