The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Twenty-First Day: Monday, 17th December, 1945
(Part 10 of 16)

[COLONEL STOREY continues]

[Page 28]

I next come to the statistics relating to the Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party and the evidence relating to the size of the Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party. As previously shown, the Leadership Corps comprised some of the officials of the Nazi Party including, in addition to Hitler and the members of the Reichsleitung, such as the Reichsleiter and the Reichs office holders, a hierarchy of Hoheitstraeger, which I have described, as well as the staff officers attached to the Hoheitstraeger. I now offer in evidence Document 2958-PS, Exhibit USA 325; and this is issue No. 8, 1939, of the official Leadership Corps organ 'Der Hoheitstraeger' similar to the one I exhibited a moment ago, and is for the year 1939. This shows that there were:--

40 Gaue and 1 Foreign Gau, each led by a Gauleiter;
that is 41;
808 Kreisleiter;
28,376 Ortsgruppenleiter;
89,378 Zellenleiter; and
463,048 Blockleiter.
However, as shown by the evidence previously introduced, the Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party was composed not only of the Hoheitstraeger, but also of the staff officers or officeholders attached to the Hoheitstraeger. The Gauleiter, for example, was assisted by a deputy Gauleiter, several Gau inspectors, and a staff which was divided into main offices (Hauptaemter) and offices (Aemter) including such departments as the Gau Staff Office, Treasury, Education Office, Propaganda Office, Press Office, University Teachers, Communal Policy, and so forth. As previously shown, the staff office structure of the Gau was substantially represented in the lower levels of the Leadership Corps organisation such as the Kreise, the Ortsgruppen, and so on. The Kreise and the smaller territorial areas of the Party were also organised into staff offices dealing with the various activities of the Leadership Corps. But, of course, the importance and the number of such staff offices diminished as the unit dropped in the hierarchy; so that, while the Kreisleiter staff contained all or most of the departments mentioned for the Gau, the Ortsgruppe had fewer departments and the lower ones fewer still. Firm figures have not been found as to the total number of staff officers, as distinguished from the Hoheitstraeger or political commanders themselves included within the Leadership Corps.

With respect to the scope and composition of the Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party, the prosecution adopts the view and respectfully submits to this Tribunal that, in defining the limits of the Leadership Corps, staff officers should only be included down to and including the Kreis. Upon this basis, the Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party constituted the Fuehrer, the members of the Reichsleitung, the five levels of the Hoheitstraeger, and the staff officers

[Page 29]

attached to the 40 odd Gauleiter and the 800 or 900 Kreisleiter. Adopting this definition of the Leadership Corps, it will be seen that the total figure for the membership of that organisation, based upon the statistics cited from the basic handbook for Germany, amounts to around 600,000. And by excepting the staff officers of the lower levels, as is provided in the Indictment and as just defined, and without prejudice to any later individual action against those excepted, we think the figure of around 600,000 is approximately correct.

It is true that this figure is based upon an admittedly limited view of the size of the membership of the Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party, for the evidence has shown that the Leadership Corps, in effect, embraced staff officers attached to the subordinate Hoheitstraeger and the inclusion of such staff officers in the estimation of the size of the Leadership Corps, if we had so recommended, would have been considerably enlarged so that he final figure, if we had included staff officers to the Blockleiter would have been 2,000,000 in round numbers.

THE TRIBUNAL (Mr. Biddle): What reason did you have for excluding them?

COLONEL STOREY: For this reason, your Honour. A person on the last level of Blockleiter might have called on an individual laborer who might have been on his staff, but he certainly would not have the discretion that a staff leader had, for example, or perhaps the Gauleiter, as a propaganda man who disseminated information down as well as helping to participate in plans and policies of the upper organisation

The subordinate staff officers thus excluded were responsible functionally to the higher staff officers with respect to their particular specialty, such as propaganda, Party organisation, and so on, and to their respective Hoheitstraeger with respect to discipline and policy control and, as I mentioned, such higher staff officers also participated in planning and policy and passed those policies down through technical levels or technical channels as opposed to command channels.

"The Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party joined and participated in the Common Plan Or Conspiracy" is the next title.

The programme of the Nazi Party, proclaimed by Hitler on 24th February, 1920, contained the chief elements of the Nazi plan for domination and conquest. I now quote from Document 1708-PS, which is the Year Book for 1943, published by the Party, and edited by the late Robert Ley. This book contains the famous 25 points of the Party which I now offer in evidence as Exhibit USA 324. Departing from the text, I don't intend to quote these 25 Party objectives, but only refer to a few of them, and I quote from Page 1 of the English translation of Document 1708-PS.

"We demand the unification of all Germans in Greater Germany on the basis of the right of self-determination of peoples."
Point 2 of that programme which I quote demanded unilateral abolition of the Peace Treaties of Versailles and St. Germain which I quote:--
"We demand equality of rights for the German people in respect to the other nations; abrogation of the Peace Treaties of Versailles and St. Germain."
Point 3:--
We demand land and territory (colonies) for the sustenance of our people and colonisation by our surplus population."

[Page 30]

Point 4:--
"Only a member of the race can be a citizen. A member of the race can only be one who is of German blood without consideration of confession. Consequently, no Jew can be a member of the race."
Point 6:--
"We demand that every public office, of any kind whatsoever, whether in the Reich, the county or municipality, be filled only by citizens. We fight the corrupting parliamentary regime, office-holding only according to party inclinations without consideration of character or abilities."
Point 22 (this is from Page 2 of the English translation of Document 1708-PS):--
"We demand the abolition of the mercenary troops and the formation of a National Army."
Back to Page 1 -- another quotation:--
"The programme is the political foundation of the N.S.D.A.P. and accordingly the primary political law of the State.

All legal precepts are to be applied in the spirit of the Party Programme.

Since the taking over of control, the Fuehrer has succeeded in the realisation of the essential portions of the Party Programme from the fundamentals to the details.

The Party programme of the N.S.D.A.P. was proclaimed on the 24th February, 1920, by Adolf Hitler at the first large Party gathering in Munich and since that day has remained unaltered. The National Socialist philosophy is summarised in 25 points."

As previously mentioned, the Party programme was binding upon the Political Leaders and they were duty bound to support and carry out that Programme.

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