The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)
Nuremberg, war crimes, crimes against humanity

The Trial of German Major War Criminals

Sitting at Nuremberg, Germany
December 3 to December 14, 1945

Eighteenth Day: Wednesday, 12th December, 1945
(Part 1 of 9)

[Page 298]

THE PRESIDENT: The Tribunal will adjourn this morning at 12.30 for a closed session and sit again at 2 o'clock.

MR. DODD: May it please the Tribunal, I should like to report to the Tribunal this morning with reference to the questions which arose yesterday afternoon concerning three documents.

After adjournment we found that Document 2220-PS was in the defendants' Information Centre in photostatic form, and that the two other documents, being respectively two entries from the Frank diary, were also there but in a different form. The Frank diary consists of some 40 odd volumes which we, of course, were not able to photostat, so we had placed instead in the defendants' room the excerpts. As a matter of fact, we had placed the entire document book there.

DR. ALFRED SEIDL (Counsel for defendant Frank): Yesterday the prosecution showed documents concerning the defendant Frank. The documents concerned were 2233-PS-A and 2233-PS-B, Exhibits USA 173 and 174. These are not ordinary documents, but excerpts from the diary of Frank. Six weeks ago I applied in writing to have this diary, which consists Of 42 heavy, thick volumes, submitted to me. I first made this request on 2nd September, the second time on 16th November, the third time on 18th November and the fourth time on 3rd December.

In spite of this I have not received this diary, and I should like to ask the Tribunal that this diary be submitted to me as soon as possible, if for no other reason, because evidence is involved which the defendant Frank before his arrest handed over to the officer who was to arrest him so that it could be used as evidence for his defence.

I am not in a position to work through all this material in a few days, and I should like to ask the Tribunal that this diary be put at my disposal without delay.

In this connection I should like to call the attention of the Tribunal to another point. The Tribunal has already granted that the four long speeches delivered by defendant Frank in Germany in 1942, which led to his dismissal from his offices by Hitler, should be put at my disposal. The General Secretary of the Tribunal gave me notice of this as early as the 4th December. Unfortunately I have not received copies of these speeches up to this day. I should be very grateful therefore if the Tribunal will make certain that decisions of the Tribunal are being carried out and that the documents be submitted to me.

THE PRESIDENT: The Tribunal will look into these matters with the General Secretary of the Tribunal, and doubtless it will be able to arrange that you should have these documents submitted to you in the defendants' counsel Information Centre.

[Page 299]

DR. SEIDL: Thank you.


MR. DODD: May I refer briefly to the discussion that we were engaged in yesterday in order to pick up the train of thought.

I wish to remind the Tribunal that we were discussing or had just completed a discussion of Document L-61, which had to do with a letter written by the defendant Sauckel to the residents of the "Landes" Employment Offices. I had read two excerpts from that letter.

Referring to the letter, we say that the Nazi campaign of force and terror and abduction was described in another letter to the defendant Frank, which we wish to refer to as Document 1526-PS.

THE PRESIDENT: Before you pass from that, Mr. Dodd, has either the original or the photostatic copy been shown to Sauckel's counsel?

MR. DODD: Oh, yes, sir. A photostatic copy was in the defendants' Information Centre, and after adjournment yesterday we got the original and handed it to him here in this room.

THE PRESIDENT: And he saw it?

MR. DODD: Yes, sir.


MR. DODD: This Document, 1526-PS, Exhibit USA 178, is a letter written by the Chairman of the Ukrainian Main Committee, at Cracow, in February, 1943. I wish to read from the third page of the English text, beginning with the second paragraph. The same passage in the German text at Page 2, Paragraph 5. I quote:-

"The general nervousness is still more enhanced by the wrong methods of finding labour which have been used more and more frequently in recent months.

The wild and ruthless man-hunt as exercised everywhere in towns and country, in streets, squares, stations, even in churches, at night in houses, has badly shaken the feeling of security of the inhabitants. Everybody is exposed to the danger, to be seized anywhere and at any time by members of the police, suddenly and unexpectedly, and to be brought into an assembly camp. None of his relatives knows what has happened to him, and only months later one or the other gets news of his fate by a postcard."

I wish to turn to enclosure 5 on Page 8 of this document, which I quote:-
"In November of last year an inspection of all males of the age groups 1910 to 1920 was ordered in the area of Zaleschozyki (district of Czortkow). After the men had appeared for inspection, all those who were chosen were arrested at once, loaded into trains and sent to the Reich. Such recruiting of labourers for the Reich also took place in other areas of this district. Following some interventions the action was then stopped."
The resistance of the Polish people to this enslavement programme and the necessity for increased force were described by the defendant Sauckel's deputy, one Timm, at a meeting of the Central Planning Board, which was, by the way, Hitler's war-time planning agency. It was made up of the defendant Speer, Field Marshal Milch and State Secretary Korner. The

[Page 300]

Central Planning Board was the highest level economic planning agency, exercising production controls by allocating raw materials and labour to industrial users.

Now, Document R-124, Exhibit USA 179. This document consists of excerpts from minutes of the meetings of this Central Planning Board, and minutes of conferences between the defendant Speer and Hitler. Only the excerpts, of course, from these minutes upon which we rely are being offered in evidence. I would say to the Tribunal, however, that the balance of the minutes are available, or can or be made available if the Tribunal so desires.

This deputy of Sauckel, his name being Timm, made a statement at the 36th conference of the Central Planning Board, and it appears on Page 14, Paragraph 2, of the English text of Document R-124, and on Page 10, Paragraph 2, of the German text:-

"Especially in Poland the situation at the moment is extraordinarily serious. It is well known that violent battles occurred just because of these actions. The resistance against the administration established by us is very strong. Quite a number of our men have been exposed to increased dangers, and it was only in the last two or three weeks that some of them were shot dead, e.g., the head of the Labour Office of Warsaw who was shot in his office, and yesterday again, another man. This is how matters stand at present, and the recruiting itself, even if done with the best will, remains extremely difficult unless police reinforcements are at hand."
Deportation and enslavement of civilians reached unprecedented levels in the so-called Eastern Occupied Territories. These wholesale deportations resulted directly from labour demands made by the defendant Sauckel on the defendant Rosenberg, who was the Reich Minister for the Eastern Occupied Territories, and his subordinates, and also on the Armed Forces - a demand made directly on the Armed Forces by the defendant Sauckel.

On the 5th October, 1942, for example, the defendant Sauckel wrote to the defendant Rosenberg, stating that two million foreign labourers were required, and that the majority of these would have to be drafted from the recently Occupied Eastern Territories and especially from the Ukraine.

I wish to refer at this point to Document 017-PS, which will be Exhibit USA 180. This letter from the defendant Sauckel to the defendant Rosenberg I wish to quote in full. It begins by saying:-

"The Fuehrer has worked out new and most urgent plans for the armament industry which require the quick mobilisation of two million more foreign labour forces. The Fuehrer therefore has granted me, for the execution of my decree Of 21st March, 1942, new powers for my new duties, and has especially authorised me to take whatever measures I think are necessary in the Reich, the Protectorate, the General Government, as well as in the occupied territories, in order to assure at all costs an orderly mobilisation of labour for the German armament industry. The additional labour forces required will have to be drafted for the majority from the recently Occupied Eastern Territories, especially from the Reichskommissariat Ukraine. Therefore, the Reichskommissariat Ukraine must furnish:-
225,000 labour forces by 31st December, 1942, and 225,000 more by 1st May, 1943.

[Page 301]

I ask you to inform Reichskommissar, Gauleiter, Party Member Koch about the new situation and requirements and especially to see to it that he will support personally in any way possible the execution of this new requirement.

I have the intention to visit Party Member Koch shortly and I would be grateful to you if you could inform me as to where and when I could meet him for a personal discussion. But I ask that the procurement be taken up at once with every possible pressure and the commitment of all powers, especially those of the experts of the labour offices. All the directives which had limited temporarily the procurement of Eastern labourers are annulled. The Reich procurement for the next months must be given priority over all other measures.

I do not ignore the difficulties which exist for the execution of this new requirement, but I am convinced that with the ruthless commitment of all resources, and with the full co-operation of all those interested, the execution of the new demands can be accomplished by the fixed date. I have already communicated the new demands to the Reichskommissar Ukraine by mail. In reference to our long-distance phone call of today I will send you the text of the Fuehrer's decree at the beginning of next week."

I should like to remind the Tribunal that we referred previously, yesterday afternoon, to this Reichskommissar, Gauleiter, Party Member Koch, and we quoted him as stating, the Tribunal will recall: "We are the master race. We must be hard," and so forth.

On the 17th March, 1943, the defendant Sauckel wrote again to the defendant Rosenberg, and on this occasion he demanded the importation of another 1,000,000 men and women from the Eastern territories within the following four months. I wish to refer at this point to Document 019-PS, which will be Exhibit USA 181. Quoting that letter in full:-

"After a protracted illness my Deputy for Labour Supply in the occupied Eastern territories, State Councillor Peuckert, is going there to regulate the supply both for Germany and the territories themselves.

I ask you sincerely, dear Party Member Rosenberg, to assist him to your utmost on account of the pressing urgency of his mission. I thank you for the hitherto good reception accorded to Peuckert. He himself has been charged by me with the absolute and completely unreserved co-operation with all bureaux of the Eastern territories. In particular the labour supply for German agriculture, and likewise for the most urgent armament production programmes ordered by the Fuehrer make the rapid importation of approximately one million men and women from the Eastern territories within the next four months imperative. Starting 15th March, the daily shipment must have reached 5,000 female and male workers respectively, while by the beginning of April this number has to be stepped up to 10,000. This is a requisite of the most urgent programmes, and the spring tillage and other agricultural tasks are not to suffer to the detriment of the nutrition and of the Armed Forces. I have foreseen the allotment of the draft quotas for the individual territories in agreement with your experts for the labour supply as follows:- [Page 302]

Daily quota starting 15th March, 1943 .....People

General Commissariat White Ruthenia.......500
Economic Inspection Centre . . ......................500
Reichs Commissariat Ukraine . .................3,000
Economic Inspection South . . ....................1,000

Total .................................................................5,000

Starting 1st April, 1943, the daily quota is to be doubled, corresponding to the doubling of the entire quota. I hope to visit personally the Eastern territories towards the end of the month, and ask you once more for your kind support."

The defendant Sauckel did travel to the East. He travelled to Kauen in Lithuania to press his demands. We offer in evidence Document 204-PS, which will be Exhibit USA 182. This document is a synopsis of a report of the City Commissioner of Kauen and minutes of a meeting in which the defendant Sauckel participated. I read from the second page of the English text, beginning with the first paragraph. The same passage appears in the German text at Page 5, Paragraph 2. Quoting directly as follows:-
"In a lecture in which the Plenipotentiary for the Arbeitseinsatz, Gauleiter Sauckel, made on 18th July, 1943, in Kauen, and in an official conference following it, between Gauleiter Sauckel and the General Commissar, the pool of labour in the Reich was again brought up urgently; Gauleiter Sauckel again demanded that Lithuanian labour be furnished in greater volume for the purpose of the Reich."
THE PRESIDENT: Who was the General Commissar, Rosenberg?

MR. DODD: The Plenipotentiary for the Arbeitseinsatz?

THE PRESIDENT: No, the General Commissar.

MR. DODD: His name is not known to us. He was apparently a local functionary in the Party.


MR. DODD: The defendant Sauckel also visited Riga, in Latvia, to assert his demands, and the purpose of this visit is described in Document 2280-PS, which will be Exhibit USA 183. This document is a letter from the Reich Commissar for the Ostland to the Commissioner General in Riga and it is dated 3rd May, 1943. I wish to read from Page 1 of the English text, beginning with the first paragraph:-

"Following the basic statements of the Plenipotentiary General for manpower, Gauleiter Sauckel, on the occasion of his visit to Riga, on 21st April, 1943, it was decided in view of the critical situation and in disregard of all adverse considerations, that a total of 183,000 workers have to be supplied from the Eastern territories to the Reich territory. This task must definitely be accomplished within the next four months and at the latest must be completed by the end of August."
Here again we are not informed as to the name and identity of the Reich Commissar for the Ostland.

Sauckel asked the German Army for assistance in the recruitment and deportation of civilian labour from the Eastern territories. We refer now to Document 3010-PS, which will be Exhibit USA 184.

[Page 303]

THE PRESIDENT: Mr. Dodd, were you saying that it was not known from whom that document emanated?

MR. DODD: No, sir. We say it is a letter from the Reichskommissar for the Ostland to the Commissioner General in Riga, but we do not know their names specifically at the time of the writing of the letter.

THE PRESIDENT: You do not know who the Reichskommissar of the Eastern territories was?

MR. DODD: We only know him by that title, "The Reichskommissar for the Ostland."


MR. DODD: Lohse, I am now informed, was his name. I understood that we did not know it.

THE PRESIDENT: All right. MR. DODD: Referring to this Document 3010-PS, it is a secret organisation order of the Army Group South, dated 17th August, 1943. I wish to read from the first page of the English text, the first two paragraphs, as follows:-

"The Plenipotentiary General for Labour Employment ordered the recruitment and employment of all born during the two years 1926 and 1927 for the whole of the newly occupied Eastern territory in Decree AZ. VI A 5780.28 (Enclosure I), copy of which is enclosed.

The Reich Minister for Armament and Munitions approved this order.

According to this order by the Plenipotentiary General for Labour Employment (B.G.A.) you have to recruit and to transport to the Reich immediately all labour force in your territory born during 1926 and 1927. The decree relative to labour duty and labour employment in the theatre of operations of the newly occupied Eastern territory of 6th February, 1943, and the executive orders therefore are the authority for the execution of this measure. Enlistment must be completed by 30th September, 1943, at the latest."

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