The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Nazi Conspiracy & Aggression
Volume I Chapter XI
The Concentration Camp
The Network of Concentration Camps


Nazi conquest was marked by the establishment of concentration camps over all of Europe. The following report on the location of concentration, camps, signed by Pohl, an SS General who was in charge of concentration camp labor policies, indicates the scope of these activities:

"1. At the outbreak of war there existed the following concentration camps:

a. Dachau, 1939         4,000 prisoners, today  8,000.
b. Sachsenhausen, 1939  6,500 prisoners, today 10,000.
c. Buchenwald, 1939     5,300 prisoners, today  9,000.
d. Mauthausen, 1939     1,600 prisoners, today  5,500.
e. Flossenburg, 1939    1,600 prisoners, today  4,700.
f. Ravensbrueck, 1939   2,500 prisoners, today  7,500.

"2. In the years 1940 to 1942 nine further camps were

[Page 960]

erected, viz.:

a. Auschwitz (Poland)
b. Neuengamme
c. Gusen (Austria)
d. Natzweiler (France)
e. Gross-Rosen
f. Lublin (Poland)
g. Niederhagen
h. Stutthof (near Danzig)
i. Arbeitsdorf." (R-129)

In addition to these camps in occupied territory, there were many others. The official report by the Headquarters, Third US Army, Judge Advocate Section, War Crimes Branch, contains the following evidence:

"Concentration Camp Flossenburg was founded in 1938 as a camp for political prisoners. Construction was commenced on the camp in 1938 and it was not until April 1940 that the first transport of prisoners was received. From this time on prisoners began to flow steadily into the camp. *** Flossenburg was the mother camp and under its direct control and jurisdiction were 47 satellite camps or outer-commandos for male prisoners and 27 camps for female workers. To these outer-commandos were supplied the necessary prisoners for the various work projects undertaken.

"Of all these outer-commandos Hersbruck and Leitmeritz (in Czechoslovakia), Oberstaubling, Mulsen and Sall, located on the Danube, were considered to be the worst." (2309-PS)


The original plaintext version of this file is available via ftp.

[ Previous | Index | Next ]

Home ·  Site Map ·  What's New? ·  Search Nizkor

© The Nizkor Project, 1991-2012

This site is intended for educational purposes to teach about the Holocaust and to combat hatred. Any statements or excerpts found on this site are for educational purposes only.

As part of these educational purposes, Nizkor may include on this website materials, such as excerpts from the writings of racists and antisemites. Far from approving these writings, Nizkor condemns them and provides them so that its readers can learn the nature and extent of hate and antisemitic discourse. Nizkor urges the readers of these pages to condemn racist and hate speech in all of its forms and manifestations.