Mauthausen Aktiv GUSEN
within ARBEITSKREIS FUER HEIMAT-, DENKMAL- UND GESCHICHTSPFLEGE (AHDG)
and Local-International Platform ST. GEORGEN/GUSEN, Austria
KZ Mauthausen-GUSEN Info-Pages
St.Georgen BERGKRISTALL Construction Site
"St. Georgen Complex" , April 2, 1945, 01:30 p.m., 26,000 feet
In Winter 1943/1944 the SS decided to use the sand-hills of St.Georgen/Gusen
to hide one of the biggest German underground installations ever built.
Within 13 months several thousand prisoners from the newly founded KZ Gusen II camp
(just 3 km east of St. Georgen) built the giant B8-BERGKRISTALL-ESCHE-2 underground plant
for the serial production of the Messerschmitt Me-262 jet-plane.
This giant underground plant dominated production in the warīs final phase.
In operation by early 1945, the plant was responsible for many thousands of the deaths at the Mauthausen-Gusen complex.
Thousands of Jewish men were deported to Gusen to die during this plantīs conctruction.
At the warīs end, the SS planned to kill the surviving tens of thousands
of Mauthausen-Gusen complex inmates by blowing them up in the tunnels.
The photograph shows:
- St. Georgen Market Place (upper left corner)
- D.E.S.T. Headquarters at St. Georgen (upper right corner)
- Railway-Entrances to B8-BERGKRISTALL (below Market Place)
- BERGKRISTALL Sand-Heap and Sewage Treatment Plant (bottom)
- St. Georgen Railway Station (lower left)
- SS Railway Station "Uebergabe-Bahnhof" (lower right)
- U.S. Airforce Historical Research Agency, Alabama
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Most recent updates of this page were made on
990904 by Rudolf A. HAUNSCHMIED,
Martha Gammer, Siegi Witzany-Durda and
8th Grade Class at Beulah High School, US-Alabama,
Jan-Ruth White, teacher