From Naumann, Bernd, _Auschwitz: A Report on the Proceedings Against Robert Karl Ludwig Mulka and Others Before the Court at Frankfurt_, trans. Jean Steinberg, 1966. The Auschwitz trial at Frankfurt of 1963-65 charged "a handful of intolerable cases" who had escaped prosecution after the war. Naumann's book is simply an accounting of the testimony and events of the trial, told dispassionately, direct quotations mixed with paraphrase. Page 75; the defendent Klehr is being examined: Kremer had been condemned to death in Poland, later pardoned, and after twelve years deported to Germany. He subsequently was sentenced to ten years by a court in Muenster. The journal of the former SS doctor repeatedly cropped up in the interrogation of Klehr. The court, the prosecution, and Klehr himself as well -- all cite it. Kremer wrote that on September 5, 1942, he had had an excellent lunch of tomato soup, cold chicken, red cabbage, and "marvelous vanilla ice cream." According to the next sentence, there had been a "special action" at 8 P.M. Prosecuting attorney Vogel makes a point of this entry to Klehr because under the same date there is mention of the arrival of the new chief medical officer, Dr. Wirths, and Klehr claims to have been a medical orderly in the base camp only until Wirths's arrival. Page 160; Kremer takes the stand: The eighty-year-old former professor and chief of anatomy at Muenster Johann Kremer tells the jury how he selected victims for Klehr and supervised gassings in Auschwitz. Not one word of regret. The former doctor, who was stripped of his academic degrees, considers it "humanly understandable" that the executioners asked for special liquor and cigarette rations. "After all, it was war, and cigarettes and liquor were in short supply. So they were after it. They saved the coupons and then they went over to get their bottles filled." "You too?" "Yes, everyone went over." Kremer can afford to speak the unadorned truth. Nothing can happen to him anymore. The Poles condemned him to death for crimes committed in Auschwitz. On the day he was to have been executed his sentence was commuted to life imprisonment, and in 1958 he was deported to West Germany. There he faced another trial and was sentenced to ten years for complicity in murder; the time served in Poland was credited against the sentence. Since then former camp doctor Kremer has been a pensioner in his native city. His name popped up repeatedly during the trial, when portions from his journal, primarily a record of what the SS officers ate at their meals, were read. For example, one entry says that the dessert was excellent and then, quite incidentally, mentions that Klehr had "inoculated six women" before dinner. "What was your job?" "Mainly clerical work in the outer office of the chief medical officer. There I had to serve out my time and make out mountains of death reports. I never saw the bodies." "Were you present at selections?" "No." [Note: a selection is the process of choosing which inmates live and which die. It does not refer to the actual gassing process itself, several of which Kremer did attend; see the file kremers-diary for information on this.] Hofmeyer tells Kremer that earlier he had said and described how Dr. Entress ordered him to select the victims for Klehr and how he had fought this. "Yes, that wasn't at the hospital. I refused. Thereupon Klehr was assigned to me as assistant. Entress even said that he himself would take another look at the selected sick-callers." The witness asserts that he had selected only moribund patients and had relied on Entress' promise that he, Entress, would look at them once more. On being reminded, KRemer recalls that Klehr always added to the "group of victims." One day Klehr would add many, and another day few. "Klehr said, nothing doing, they belonged there." "You didn't fight this?" "There was nothing I could do." Had the witness ever seen a murder by phenol injection? "Yes, once I had to go there." "Klehr put on his doctor's coat and told the girl: 'You have a heart condition.' Then came the injection and I bolted." "Was Klehr alone?" "Yes." "Was the woman held down?" "No, she let him do it." Judge Hummerich is not satisfied with this reply: "It seems improbable that you, a university professor and SS officer, would let a shoemaker from Uper Silesia -- as you yourself once called him -- lead you by the nose." "Civilian position did not matter. I had no authority over Klehr. He was under the command of the chief medical officer. I was merely a fifth wheel on the cart."
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