Newsgroups: alt.revisionism Subject: Holocaust Almanac - I.G. Farben: Testimony At Nuremberg Summary: I.G. Farben management knew what was being done to the prisoners working at I.G. Auschwitz Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Followup-To: alt.revisionism Organization: The Nizkor Project, Vancouver Island, CANADA Keywords: Farben Archive/File: orgs/germany/farben farben.007 Last-modified: 1993/06/07 "Through former Auschwitz inmates, the prosecution presented a graphic picture of conditions at I.G. Auschwitz and Monowitz. Typical was the testimony of Robert Elie Waitz, a professor at the University of Strasbourg, an inmate who was also a physician with an international reputation. He worked in the Monowitz hospital and, because of his renown and demeanor, was a forceful witness. I found out very soon that Monowitz was an extermination camp. On account of the severe living conditions, the prisoners were exposed to that slow process of physical and mental dissolution which terminated in most cases in the gas chambers. The final aim was unmistakable: the dehumanization and eventual extermination of the prisoners employed in the I.G. plant at Auschwitz. I heard an S.S. officer in Monowitz saying to the prisoners, 'You are all condemned to die, but the execution of your sentence will take a little while.' Until that time, the S.S. and I.G. in common exploited the prisoners beyond what they could bear.'<27> From witness Rudolf Vitek, also both a physician and an inmate, came the following appraisal: The prisoners were pushed in their work by the Capos, foremen, and overseers of the I.G. in an inhuman way. No mercy was shown. Thrashings, ill-treatment of the worst kind, even direct killings were the fashion. The murderous working speed was responsible for the fact that while working many prisoners suddenly stretched out flat, turned blue, gasped for breath and died like beasts... It was no rare occurrence that detachments of 400 to 500 men brought back with them in the evening five to twenty corpses. The dead were brought to the place of rollcall and counted as being present.<28> A Czechoslovakian inmate swore that The directors of I.G. Farben knew about the selections... The employees of I.G. Farben indirectly occasioned the selections... The master craftsmen complained to the management...and from there the complaints were forwarded to the management, Dr. Duerrfeld, and from there to the S.S. Consequently, the Labor Allocation Officer in Auschwitz went to Monowitz early in the morning, when the squads left for work, posted himself near the gate and picked out those people... whom they considered sickly; these people were sent to the gas chambers straight away. Those written complaints came from I.G. I myself have seen such reports.<29> Very dramatic was the appearance for the prosecution of a group of British prisoners of war. Their testimony was especially impressive. The condition of the concentration camp inmates was deplorable. I used to see them being carried back at night, dead from exposure, hunger, or exhaustion. The concentration camp inmates did heavy manual labor, such as carrying steel girders, pipes, cables, bricks, and sacks of cement weighing about 100 lbs. As a rule the inmates weighed less than the cement sacks. I have seen the inmates shuffle, trying to make it in double time, but unable to do it, and I have seen them collapse. ...We would see the chaps hanging up in the gate of Lager IV, and the prisoners had to walk underneath them. I saw those bodies myself; working parties passed under the gate while walking to work. <30> Cross-examination did not help the defendants' cause. Q: 'Did you see personally how prisoners were hanged in camp IV [Monowitz]?' A: 'I saw three men hanging in the gate of camp IV approximately in February 1944.' Q: 'Do you know why these prisoners were hanged?' A: 'I didn't know there had to be a reason.'<31> Another British prisoner of war testified: I was at Auschwitz nearly every day. The population at Auschwitz was fully aware that people were being gassed and burned. On one occasion they complained about the stench of burning bodies. Of course, all of the Farben people knew what was going on. Nobody could live in Auschwitz and work in the plant, or even come down to the plant without knowing what was common knowledge to everybody.'<32> <27> NI-12373 <28> NI-4830 <29> NI-7967 <30> NI-12388, affidavit of Eric J. Doyle <31> TWC, VIII, p.621, testimony of Eric J. Doyle <32> NI-11696, affidavit of Charles J. Coward Work Cited Borkin, Joseph. The Crime and Punishment of I.G. Farben. New York: The Free Press, 1978, and London: Macmillan Publishing Company.
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