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Subject: Einsatzgruppen: Operational Situation Report: USSR #112
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The Chief of the Security Police                Berlin,
        and Security Service                 October 13, 1941

                                                50 copies
                                               (36th copy)



Einsatzgruppe C
Location: Kiev

                        Bolshevism and Jewry

The populations's attitude towards these two problems in the areas
of Kiev, Poltava, and Dniepropetrovsk is the same as has been
observed elsewhere in the Ukraine. The population rejects Bolshevism
almost without exception, since there is practically no family which
has not lost one or more members through Bolshevik deportation or
killing. Also, the Ukrainians had been free farmers and independent
in ancient Russia and have not forgotten that everything was taken
from them when forced into the collective farms. The number of
Ukrainians who joined the Communist party out of conviction is
surprisingly low.

Only the young people who have neither seen nor heard of anything
else but Communism and its "successes and achievements" allow
themselves to be captivated by the Communist ideology. Yet even in
this group one finds few fanatics and really convinced fighters.
German propaganda will not have difficulty in promoting a complete
change in this attitude. In order to begin the process of such a
re-education, and as long as the powerful battle is still fresh in
the minds of the Ukrainians, propaganda, lectures, performances,
films, radio and periodicals should be introduced.

The Ukrainian rejects Judaism together with Communism, as it was
mainly Jews who were officials of the Communist Party. The
Ukrainians had the opportunity to discover that practically only the
Jews enjoyed the advantages connected with membership in the
Communist Party, especially in its leading positions. The population
is, however, unaware of real anti-Semitism based on rural and
ideological principles. There are no leading personalities and no
spiritual impetus within the Ukrainian population to trigger off
persecution since all remember the harsh punishments inflicted by
the Bolsheviks against anyone who attacked the Jews. For instance,
whoever called the Jews "Zhid" (Yid) (which was at that time a curse
word) and not "Evrei" (Hebrew), was sent to prison. However, if an
impulse comes from any side and should the population be given a
free hand, an extensive persecution of the Jews could result.
(Arad, pp 187-188)

                        Work Cited

Arad, Yitzak, Shmuel Krakowski and Shmuel Spector editors. The
Einsatzgruppen Reports. New York: Holocaust Library. 1989

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