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Last-Modified: 1997/10/19

     For  the  last  twenty-five years the  development  and
improvement of the telephone have vastly increased  its  use
between   the   Ministry  for  Foreign   Affairs   and   its
representatives  abroad.  For  reasons  of  convenience  and
rapidity,   instructions  or  information   transmitted   by
telegraph  are  frequently  preceded  or  confirmed   by   a
telephone communication.
     No  mention or analysis of these communications, a note
of  which is preserved on the records, usually appears in an
official  publication of a documentary character.  Moreover,
it  would  in most cases duplicate needlessly the  telegrams
which,  without  using the exact terms of the conversations,
officially determine their significance.
     By  way  of  exception, for the days of August  31  and
September  1  and  2,  during which telephone  conversations
exchanged by the Minister with our Ambassadors and with  the
Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Great Britain and Italy had
a  particular  importance, notes summarizing  the  essential
parts  of  these  communications  are  included  among   the
appendices to this publication.
                 APPENDIX I 
  Franco-Polish Treaties of 1921 and 1925 
   Franco-Polish Agreement [1] concluded in Paris,
             February 19, 1921 

     THE  Polish Government and the French Government,  both
desirous of safeguarding, by the maintenance of the treaties
which  both have signed or which may in future be recognized
by  both parties, the peace of Europe, the security of their
territories,   and  their  common  political  and   economic
interests, have agreed as follows:
     1.  In  order  to  coordinate their endeavours  towards
peace the two Governments undertake to consult each other on
all  questions of foreign policy which concern both  States,
so   far  as  those  questions  affect  the  settlement   of
international relations in the spirit of the treaties and in
accordance with the Covenant of the League of Nations.
     2. In view of the fact that economic restoration is the
essential preliminary condition for the re-establishment  of
international order and peace in Europe, the two Governments
shall come to an understanding in this regard with a view to
concerted action and mutual support.
     They   will   endeavour  to  develop   their   economic
relations,  and  for  this  purpose  will  conclude  special
agreements and a commercial treaty.
     3. If, notwithstanding the sincerely peaceful views and
intentions of the two contracting States, either or both  of
them should be attacked without giving provocation, the  two
Governments shall take concerted measures for the defence of
their  territory  and  the protection  of  their  legitimate
interests within the limits specified in the preamble.
     4.  The two Governments undertake to consult each other
before  concluding  new agreements which will  affect  their
policy in Central and Eastern Europe.

[1]  this  agreement  was supplemented  by  a  military
agreement regarding
its execution signed on the same day.

     5.  The  present  agreement shall not come  into  force
until the commercial agreements now in course of negotiation
have been signed. Paris, February 19, 1921.

(Signed) A. BRIAND.


     Treaty of Locarno Between France and Poland

             (October 16, 1925) 
     THE  President of the French Republic and the President
of the Republic of Poland,
     Equally  desirous to see Europe spared from  war  by  a
sincere  observance of the undertakings arrived at this  day
with a view to the maintenance of general peace:
     Have resolved to guarantee their benefits to each other
reciprocally  by a treaty concluded within the framework  of
the  Covenant  of the League of Nations and of the  Treaties
existing between them;
     And   have,   to  this  effect,  nominated  for   their
     Who, after having exchanged their full powers, found in
good and due form, have agreed on the following provisions:
                 Article 1 
     In  the  event  of  Poland or France suffering  from  a
failure  to observe undertakings arrived at this day between
them  and Germany, with a view to the maintenance of general
peace,   France   and,  reciprocally,  Poland,   acting   in
application of Article 16 of the Covenant of the  League  of
Nations,  undertake  to lend each other  immediate  aid  and
assistance,  if  such  a  failure  is  accompanied   by   an
unprovoked recourse to arms.
     In  the  event of the Council of the League of Nations,
when dealing with a question brought before it in accordance
with  the  said  undertakings, being unable  to  succeed  in
securing  the  acceptance of its report by all  its  members
other  than  the  representatives  of  the  parties  to  the
dispute, and in the event of Poland or France being attacked
without provocation, France, or reciprocally Poland,  acting
in  application of Article 15, paragraph 7, of the  Covenant
of  the  League of Nations, will immediately  lend  aid  and

                 Article 2 
     Nothing  in the present Treaty shall affect the  rights
and  obligations of the High Contracting Parties as  members
of  the  League  of  Nations, or  shall  be  interpreted  as
restricting  the duty of the League to take whatever  action
may  be deemed wise and effectual to safeguard the peace  of
the world.
                 Article 3 
     The  present Treaty shall be registered with the League
of Nations in accordance with the Covenant.
                 Article 4 
     The present Treaty shall be ratified. The ratifications
shall be deposited at Geneva with the League of Nations,  at
the  same  time as the ratification of the Treaty  concluded
this day between Germany, Belgium, France, Great Britain and
Italy  and the ratification of the Treaty concluded at  same
time between Germany and Poland.
     It  will come into force and remain in force under  the
same conditions as the said Treaties.
     The  present  Treaty, done in a single  copy,  will  be
deposited in the archives of the League of Nations, and  the
Secretary-General  of  the  League  will  be  requested   to
transmit  certified copies to each of the  High  Contracting
     Done  at  Locarno,  the Sixteenth of October,  Nineteen
Hundred and Twenty-five.
                                        (L.S.) (Signed)
                                        (L.S.) (Signed) AL.

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