Path: hub.org!hub.org!news.svpal.org!newsfeed.berkeley.edu!remarQ73!supernews.com!remarQ.com!remarQ69!corp.remarQ.com!not-for-mail From: Michel Couzijn
Newsgroups: soc.culture.jewish.holocaust Subject: National-socialism, antisemitism and The Netherlands Date: Fri, 25 Jun 1999 21:24:44 GMT Organization: Posted via RemarQ, http://www.remarQ.com - The Internet's Discussion Network Lines: 63 Approved: firstname.lastname@example.org Message-ID: <email@example.comQ.com> NNTP-Posting-Host: 188.8.131.52 NNTP-Posting-Date: Fri, 25 Jun 1999 21:24:44 GMT X-Trace: 930345884.437.83 2BDTXNQOI51DED18EC qube-01.us-ca.remarq.com X-Complaints-To: newsabuse@remarQ.com Xref: hub.org soc.culture.jewish.holocaust:2683 On Thu, 24 Jun 1999 22:34:43 GMT, PKJ wrote: >unlike in countires as the Netherlands or Belgium, >National Socialism never was a big "hit" in Denmark At the risk of sounding apologetic, I take the liberty of presenting some plain facts about the supposedly 'big hit' that national-socialism is said to have been in The Netherlands (according to PKJ). There has been only one national-socialistic political party in The Netherlands, the NSB (Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging), which became active since 1932. In the beginning, their ideology and propaganda did not include antisemitism or racialist views, to the effect that there were also Jews among its members. Their ideology was fascist in that it advocated a strong government, abolishment of individual voting rights, corporate ordering, planned economy, working duties, and limits to the freedom of press. With propaganda based on these principles - and a bad economy as an aid - this protest party grew to 40.000 members in 1935 (less than one percent of Dutch adults). At the elections of 1935, the party made their only 'bit hit' by scoring 7.9% of the votes in the parliamentary elections. >From then on, the party and its cadre radicalised their ideology, to the effect that voters turned away. In 1937, the party was halved (4%) and got even less voters in 1939. No other political party allied with them, so their influence on Dutch politics remained very small, if there was any. The radicalisation of the party since 1935 included anti-jewish propaganda, solidarity with the agressive politics of Germany and Italy, and incidental provocations and riots on the streets. For these reasons, many voters or sympathizers turned away and the party got isolated, to the extent that NSB-sympathizers were generally hated by the great majority of the Dutch people. After Germany had occupied The Netherlands, the small group of NSB members and their police-like department (the WA) were used as collaborators, to the effect that they were even more hated by the Dutch. When the WA started anti-Jewish actions in 1941, it immediately led to the famous 'February-strike' in and around Amsterdam. That was one of the very rare mass protests by non-Jews who openly opposed the German treatment of Jews. In sum, the 'big hit' of national-socialism in The Netherlands, was not really that 'big', and got even smaller after the national-socialist party became openly antisemitic. Michel Couzijn Amsterdam, The Netherlands -- ---- Holocaust-history.org is the home for soc.culture.jewish.holocaust, the only moderated Usenet newsgroup for scholarly and informative discussions about the Holocaust.
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