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To conclude, I consider it essential to read into the record, almost
in full, a rather long but exceptionally important document. I have in
mind a note by the defendant Bormann of 2nd October, 1940, referring
to a conversation about Poland. This conversation was held after a
dinner which took place in Hitler's apartment. You will find this note
on Page 311, Volume I, Part 2, of the document book:

     "Secret; Berlin, 2/10 1940; Note.
     On 2nd October, 1940, after dinner at the Fuehrer's apartment, a
     conversation arose on the nature of the Government General, the
     treatment of the Poles and the incorporation, already approved by
     the Fuehrer, of the Districts of Piotrokow and Tomassov into the
     Province of Warta.
     The conversation began when the Reichsminister, Dr. Frank,
     informed the Fuehrer that the activities in the Government
     General could be considered very successful. The Jews in Warsaw
     and other cities had been locked up in the ghetto; Krakow would
     very shortly be cleared of them."
I now consider it possible to omit a few paragraphs.

     "The Fuehrer further emphasised that the Poles, in direct
     contrast to our German workmen, are specially born for hard
     labour; we must all give every possibility of advancement to our
     German workers; as to the Poles -- there can be no question of
     improvement for them. On the contrary, it is necessary to keep
     the standard of life low in Poland and it must not be permitted
     to rise.
     The Government General must, under no condition whatsoever, be an
     isolated and uniform economic region; it must not produce
     independently, even in part, any manufactured goods necessary for
     its subsistence; the Government General should be used by us
     merely as a source of unskilled labour (in industries such as
     brick manufacture, road construction, etc.).
                                                            [Page 220]
     One cannot change the nature of a Slav, as the Fuehrer has
     already emphasised. While, as a rule our German workers are by
     nature assiduous and diligent, the Poles are lazy, and it is
     necessary to use compulsion to make them work.
     However, there is no reason to expect that the Government General
     will become an independent economic region, as there are no
     mineral resources, and even should such be available the Poles
     are not capable of utilising them.
     The Fuehrer has explained that the Reich needs large estates to
     provide food for our large cities; these large estates, as well
     as other agricultural enterprises, are in need of labour, and
     cheap labour in particular, for the cultivation of the soil and
     for harvesting.... As soon as the harvest time is over, the
     labourers can go back to Poland, because should they be employed
     in agriculture the whole year round, they themselves would use up
     an important part of the crops. The best solution would thus be
     to import from Poland temporary labourers for the duration of the
     sowing and for the harvesting.
     Our industrial districts are over-populated, while at the same
     time there is a lack of manpower in agriculture. That is where we
     can make use of the Polish labourers. For this reason, it would
     be quite right to have a surplus of manpower in the Government
     General, so that every year the labourers needed by the Reich
     could be procured from there. It is indispensable to bear in mind
     that the Polish landlords must cease to exist; however cruel this
     may sound, they must be exterminated wherever they are.
     There must, of course, be no sexual intercourse with Poles. It
     would consequently be a correct procedure if Polish harvesters,
     both men and women, came together to the Reich. Whatever the
     mutual relationships were in their camps would not be a matter of
     concern to us -- no zealous Protestant should poke his nose into
     these affairs.
     The Fuehrer stressed once more that there should be one master
     only for the Poles -- the German: two masters, side by side,
     cannot and must not exist; therefore, all representatives of the
     Polish intelligentsia are to be exterminated. This sounds cruel,
     but such is the law of life.
     The Government General represents a Polish reserve of manpower --
     a vast Polish labour camp. The Poles will also benefit from this,
     as we look after their health and see to it that they do not
     starve, etc., but they must never be raised to a higher level,
     for they will then become anarchists and Communists. It will
     therefore be proper for the Poles to remain Roman Catholics;
     Polish priests will receive food from us and will, for that very
     reason, direct their little sheep along the path we favour. The
     priests will be paid by us and will, in return, preach what we
     wish them to preach. If any priest acts differently, we shall
     make short work of him. The task of the priests is to keep the
     Poles quiet, stupid, and dull-witted. This is entirely in our
     interests. Should the Poles rise to a higher level of
     development, they will cease to be that manpower of which we are
     in need. In other respects it will suffice for a Pole to possess
     a small holding in the Government General -- a large farm is not
     at all necessary; he will have to earn the money he requires in
     Germany. It is precisely this cheap labour we need; every German
     and every German worker will benefit by this cheap labour. A
     strict German administration must exist in the Government General
     to keep order amongst the Poles. These reserves mean for us the
     maintenance of agriculture, particularly of our large estates,
     and they are, besides, a source of supply of labour."
I see no necessity to read into the record the exchange of views
between those present, although it is mentioned in the document, and I
shall go on directly to Hitler's final statements.

                                                            [Page 221]
To sum up, the Fuehrer stated once more:

     "1. The lowest German workman and the lowest German peasant must
     always stand economically 10% above any Pole."
I omit the second paragraph and pass to the third which is of great

     "3. `I do not wish,' the Fuehrer stressed, `that a German workman
     should, as a rule work more than 8 hours, when we return to
     normal conditions. But if a Pole works 14 hours, he is still, in
     spite of that, to earn less than a German workman.'
     4. The ideal picture is this: A Pole must possess a smallholding
     in the Government General which will, to a certain extent,
     provide him and his family with food. The money required by him
     for clothes, supplementary foods, etc., he must earn in Germany.
     The Government General must become a centre for supplying
     seasonal unskilled labour, particularly agricultural labourers.
     The existence of these workmen will be fully guaranteed, because
     they will always be used as cheap labour."
This document deals with the question of Hitler's attitude towards
Poland and the Polish people with such exhaustive clarity that it
calls for no further comment.

I wish only to draw Your Honours' attention to three points.

Firstly, Hitler definitely states and develops in detail the idea that
in the new Fascist order in Europe the Polish people and the Polish
State must be nothing but a Polish labour camp for Fascist Germany.

Secondly, Hitler is convinced that the Poles will benefit from such a
state of affairs, since the Fascist conspirators intend to care for
the health and adequate nourishment of the Poles whom they have
reduced to slavery.

I beg your Honours to consider the fact that by "adequate nourishment"
Hitler understands a state of affairs according to which every Pole
should be maintained at an economic level considerably below that of
the most wretched German.

By "care" he means that the standard of living in Poland should be low
and that it should not improve, so that no Pole be engaged otherwise
than in heavy unskilled labour, 14 hours a day. Finally, Hitler sets
the task for the extermination of the entire intelligentsia, stating
arrogantly that there should exist only one master for the Poles --
the German.

In the course of further presentation of documents to the Tribunal we
shall prove that Hitler and his followers, in the persons of the
participants in the Fascist conspiracy, strove to exterminate the
Polish people and to reduce the standard of living of the Poles to the
most pitiable and beggarly level. In their opinion their very
existence depended solely on the fact that it assured cheap manpower
for the Fascist "masters."

  (The Tribunal adjourned until 10.00 hours on 11th February, 1946.)

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