The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: holocaust/germany/press/press.001


Archive/File: holocaust/germany press.001
Last-Modified: 1994/03/05

   "Priority was placed on bringing the entire German press under Nazi
   control. (Since broadcasting was under the direction of the
   government, no special action was required by Hitler to make
   himself the master of radio.) On March 13 the Reich Ministry for
   Public Enlightenment and Propaganda was created specifically for
   Goebbels. Decree by decree the press was turned into a Nazi choir.
   Under the pretext of weeding out libel and licentiousness, the
   'Decree for Protection Against Treacherous Attacks on the
   Government' clamped alid on all criticism: 'Whoever purposely makes
   or circulates a statement of a factual nature which is untrue or
   grossly exaggerated or which is apt to seriously harm the welfare
   of the Reich of the reputation of the national or state governments
   or the party supporting these governments' was liable to two years
   in prison.

   Henceforward any statement could be declared 'untrue' by the Nazis
   and its author clamped in jail. The following year the decree was
   reissued under the designation 'Combating Griping and Defeatism' to
   specifically place the Nazi Party, government, and officials beyond
   censure. Newspapers were turned into unwitting parodiers of the
   regime. The death of a Social Democratic Reichstag deputy in a
   concentration camp was announced as follows:

   'Although treated with the same tolerance as all other people in
   protective custody, he acted in an unfriendly and provocative
   manner toward the supervisory personnel.

   On April 7, 'The Law for the Reestablishment of the Professional
   Civil Service' was enacted. Communists, liberals, Jews, and
   part-Jews were dismissed from all positions.

   Journalists were incorporated as a body into the civil service.
   Since Jews could not be civil servants, it followed that they could
   not work on newspapers." (Conot, 121-122)

                           Work Cited

   Conot, Robert E.  Justice at Nuremberg.  New York: Harper & Row,
   1983

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