The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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Subject: Holocaust Calendar: December 8
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[Follow-ups set]

December 8

1938

Himmler issues a circular directive on "Combating the Gypsy Plague"
(The so-called "Basic Gypsy Directive"). (Ruerup, 124)

1941

The Germans began killing Jews at Chelmno, at the first
fixed gassing institution to become operational on more than
an experimental basis, using gas vans. The victims were Jews
from Lodz. (Goldhagen, 157)

1944

The SS physician Carl Vaernet begins his second experimental
operations on seven castrated homosexual prisoners in
Buchenwald concentration camp; at least one prisoners dies
during the experiments. (See September 16.) (USHMM, 1994, p. 69)

The Russian siege of Budapest begins, with the city
surrounded on three sides. (Ibid.)

                         Work Cited

Goldhagen, Daniel Jonah. Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans 
   and the Holocaust.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996

Ruerup, Reinhard, Ed., trans. By Werner T. Angress. Topography of
   Terror. Berlliner Festspiele GmbH, Berlin: 1987

USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Darkness Before Dawn: Days of Remembrance, April
   3-10, 1994. Washington, D.C.: 1994

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