The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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Newsgroups: soc.history,soc.culture.jewish,soc.culture.greek,soc.culture.polish
Subject: Holocaust Calendar: August 1
From: Ken McVay 
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
X-Remember: http://www.nizkor.org

[Follow-ups set]

August 1

1941

The Reich Commissar for the Ostland, Lohse, reports to his boss,
Rosenberg, on what is being done in Lithuania, and adds that "The 
Jewish problem is the most important of all; to date, ten thousand
Jews have been eliminated by the Lithuanian population; executions
continue every night..." The minutes of the meeting make no mention of
the executions of Jews by the Einsatzgruppen in Lithuania during July
1941. (Arad, 272)

At Auschwitz, the first trials were made of killing prisoners with 
lethal intravenous injections of concentrated perhydrol, benzine,
ether, evipan and phenol. The experiments were carried out on ill
prisoners in a screened-off room in Block 21. (Czech et al, p. 135)

1943

The Sosnowiec ghetto in Poland is liquidated and a labor
camp established at the site. A few members of Jewish youth
movements, together with a small number of adults, offere
resistance but are defeated. Six hundred Jews are shot and
ten thousand deported to Auschwitz. The liquidation of the
nearby Bedzin ghetto also begins. Armed underground fighters
barricade themselves in bunkers but are overwhelmed by the
Germans. Thousands are deported to Auschwitz in the two-week
operation. (USHMM 1993, 40)

1944

The Polish uprising begins in Warsaw, and lasts until
October 2; 350 prisoners of the Warsaw concentration camp
are liberated by the Polish underground, including 326 men
and twenty-four women from Poland, Romania, Greece, the
Netherlands, and France. (USHMM, 1994, 53)

The SS Central Office for Economy and Administration (WVHA)
informs all concentration camp commandants that they are
authorized to confiscate Red Cross packages designated for
prisoners. (Ibid.)


                         Work Cited

Arad, Yitzhak. "Alfred Rosenberg and the Final Solution,"                       
 in Yad Vashem Studies XIII, Jerusalem, 1979
 
Czech, Danuta, Stanslaw Klodzinski, Aleksander Lasik, 
   Andrezej Strezecki, eds. "Auschwitz 1940 - 1945. Central 
   Issues in the History of the Camp, Volume V. 
   Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum: Oswiecim 2000.

USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Revolt Amid the Darkness: Days of Remembrance,
   April 18-25, 1993. Washington, D.C.: 1993

USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Darkness Before Dawn: Days of Remembrance, April
   3-10, 1994. Washington, D.C.: 1994

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