The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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Subject: Holocaust Calendar: February 22
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1939

The Saxon Evangelical Church forbade
baptized Jews access to its temples. (Friedlaender, 327)

1943

Leopold Obermayer, a Jew imprisoned by the Nazis (for his 
homosexuality) in 1935, dies in Mauthausen concentration camp. 
(Friedlaender, 206-7)

Norwegian collaborationist premier Vidkun Quisling orders
the mobilization of thirty-five thousand men for
construction of military installations as well as road and
railway work. Two Lutheran church leaders who protest are
promptly arrested and imprisoned in the Grini concentration
camp. (USHMM, 1993. Pg. 24)

Bulgaria agrees to a German demand to deport eleven thousand
Jews from 23 communities in Thrace and Macedonia, occupied 
areas of Yugoslavia and Greece. (Ibid.) They were deported 
to Treblinka and murdered. (Gilbert, Martin, "The Righteous,"
Key Porter Books Ltd, Toronto, 2003. p. 247)

1944

The camp commandant of Auschwitz III (Monowitz), SS
Hauptsturmfuehrer (SS Captain) Schwarz, orders in
Commandant's Order no. 4/1944: (1) that subcamps not burden
those prisoners assigned to night shifts with day work,
mandating that the prisoners require rest pauses of seven to
eight hours; and (2) that roll call in all subcamps be
shortened to five to ten minutes. These concessions in
prisoner conditions are made to maintain the productivity of
forced labor in German armaments firms attached to Auschwitz
subcamps. Similar orders are issued to other concentration
camp commanders at a meeting in Berlin of the SS Central
Office for Economy and Administration (Wirtschafts- und
Verwaltungshauptampt, WVHA). (USHMM, 1994. Pg. 29)

The total number of prisoners at Auschwitz I, II, and III is
73,669, of whom 13,477 are in the subcamps of Auschwitz III.  (Ibid.)

Six hundred fifty Italian Jews are deported from Fossoli
transit camp, arriving, together with an additional group of
eighty-four Soviet prisoners of war deported from the camp
at Lambinowice (in German, Lamsdorf), at Auschwitz-Birkenau
on February 26. After selection 526 prisoners are killed in
the gas chambers; ninety-five men and twenty-nine women are
selected for labor details. (Ibid.)



                          Work Cited

Friedlaender, Saul. Nazi Germany and the Jews, Volume I: The Years of
   Persecution, 1933-1939. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1997

USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Revolt Amid the Darkness: Days of Remembrance,
   April 18-25, 1993. Washington, D.C.: 1993
                              
USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Darkness Before Dawn: Days of Remembrance, April
   3-10, 1994. Washington, D.C.: 1994

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