The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: places/ussr/ukraine/volhynia/samary.001

Archive/File: holocaust/ussr/ukraine samary.001
Last-Modified: 1994/07/15

   "In the area of Brest-Litovsk, which had a mixed population of
   Ukrainians and Poles, the gendarmerie of the German police reported
   that during the mass shooting of Jews in October 1942, a rumor was
   ciculating to the effect that the Germans would go on to shoot the
   Poles and the Russians, and then the Ukrainians. These rumors, said
   the gendarmerie, had generated sympathy for the Jews, but by
   November, the non-Jewish population, feeling secure again, helped
   eagerly in the search for hidden Jews in the woods, and expressed
   gratitude for the opportunity to buy old Jewish furnishings from
   the emptied ghetto at bargain prices. At the same time, and
   Ukrainians who sheltered a Jewish person exposed themselves to an
   acute risk. Thus a German police company in the village of Samary,
   Volhynia, shot an entire Ukrainian family, including a man, two
   women, and three children, for harboring a Jewish woman.<18>"
   (Hilberg, Perpetrators, 200-201)

   <18> The Gendarmerie-Gebietsfu"hrer in Brest-Litovsk (signed by
        Lieutenant of the Gendarmerie Deuerlein) to the Gendarmerie-
        Hauptmannschaft in Kobryn, December 5, 1942, German Federal
        Archives, R 94/7. The action in Samary is reported by the 
        9th. Company of the 15th. Police Regiment in Volhynia, 
        November 1, 1942, Zentrale Stelle der
        Landesjustizverwaltungen, Collection UdSSR 412, pp. 841-42.

                              Work Cited

   Hilberg, Raul.  Perpetrators, Victims, Bystanders: The Jewish
      Catastrophe 1933-1945.  New York: Harper-Collins Publishers, Inc.

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