The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: places/ussr/kovno/kovno.001


Archive/File: holocaust/ussr/kovno kovno.001
Last-Modified: 1995/01/11

   "In Kovno, since the first days of the German occupation at the end
   of June [1941], hundreds of Jews had continued to be taken to the
   Jewish cemetery and shot. Other Jews were seized in the streets,
   were dragged to a garage, where hoses 'were put into their mouths
   and opened', with the horrendous result that 'the Jews would
   burst'.<30> On July 4 Lithuanian militiamen, on German
   instructions, murdered 416 Jewish men and 47 Jewish women in
   Kovno's Seventh Fort; two days later, again on German instructions,
   a further 2,514 Jews were murdered in the fort, the figures
   precisely recorded by the commander of SS Einsatzkommando 3 in his
   report submitted to Berlin at the end of the year.<31>" (Gilbert,
   168)

   <30> Testimony of Dr. Aharon Peretz: Eichmann Trial, 4 May 1962,
	session 28.
   <31> 'Recapitulation of Executions Carried Out in the Area of
	Strike Commando 3 until 1 December 1941': Raul Hilberg
	(editor), Documents of Destruction, Germany and Jewry
	1933-1945, London 1972, page 47.

                            Work Cited

   Gilbert, Martin. The Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe
   during the Second World War. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston,
   1985


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