Archive/File: places/ukraine/tarnopol/tarnopol-medical-act.440731 Last-Modified: 1998/07/24 "ACT (Abridged) Court-Medical investigation of the bodies of' victims of German-Fascist crimes committed in the city of' Tarnopol and region. July 31, 1944. Deputy of the main court-Med. expert, the First Ukr. Front, G. W. Major M/SL. Cherninskyj P. J., in the presence of Podpolk M/SL. Malaewa, Captain M/SL. Kogan, Capt. M/SL. Magomedova, Dir. Med. Instit., Dr. Wojt-Kewich, Major Just1ce-Kasachenko J. S., Capt. Justice - Novikowa A. M., investigated (from June 28-29, and from July 27-29, 1944), the excavated mass graves containing the victims of German fascism. The Commission established the following: The German-Fascist occupation authorities systematically exterminated Soviet peaceful citizens in the city of Tarnopol and region during the year 1941, until April 1944. Among the murdered were Soviet Party members, the educated Polaks, Ukrainians, war prisoners, and partisans. The Jewish population was marked for special mass extermination. A Ghetto was created in the city of Tarnopol, in which the Jews were separated by barbed wire. They were forced to vegetate in anti-sanitary conditions, with very little food. The handing over of'bread and other food products for the Ghetto inmates was forbidden. Regardless of age and health conditions, the Jews were forced to perform hard work: wood cutting, road building, and dirt cleanup. All Jews were forced to wear a green color Star of David on the right arm. Under the excuse of resettlement to work, Ghetto residents were taken out in groups of 300-500, driven out on trucks and later shot. Such shootings the Germans called "Actions." There were five such "Actions" in Tarnopol. People who managed to evade the Ghetto were forced to hide in the forest, underground bunkers, attics, barns, etc. Part of the Jewish population were transported, in groups of 400-500 to the town of Belzec. Their fate is not known. During the excavations of the Pits, the following was established: To the west of Tarnopol, two km. past the village of Petrikow, along the roadway leading to the Village of Janowka, in the field at the right of the road, there are 17 Pits, and on the left, 3 Pits, with a downward top, grass covered, with sand underneath. Pit No. 1, Size: 5 x 3 times 3 meters. The bodies lie in disorderly manner, 1.5 meters deep. Sixty bodies were examined. The bones separated easily. All bodies were naked. Numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 describe in detail the condition of single victims. Shots in the back of the skull were visible. Pit No. 3 is 5 x 3 x 2 meters. Bodies lie in disorder, naked, strong decomposition state. One hundred seventy bodies were excavated and examined. Among them: 4 children, 2 men and the rest women. Numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 describe condition of single body skeletons. Pit No. 4 is 5 x 3 x 2.5 meters. Bodies In disorder, all naked. One hundred fifty-two body skeletons were examined. Among them: 18 men, 7 children, and the rest, women. Numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 describe single bodies as above. All the other skeletons show similar bullet holes In the back of the head, and the neck. Pits No. 15-17, size: 5 x 3 x 2.5 meters. Skeletons lie in disorder, naked. 120 were examined. Among them: 8 children, 23 men, and the rest, women. Pits No. 18-19, size: 2 x 3 x 2.5 each. All lie naked in disorder. 0ne man found in slacks, jacket and shirt. Found in the pocket were: a ration card with the name Goldberg Kiwes, dated April 1943, and 20 Polish zlotyz. One hundred fifty-five skeletons were examined. Among them: 43 women, 19 children and the rest men. Five children ages 1 to 5, didn't show any bullet holes. All the others had bullet holes as described above. Total in 17 Pits, i size: 5 x 3 x 3 meters. Total in 2 Pits, size: 20 x 3 x 3 meters. Total in I Pit, size: 10 x 3 x 3 meters. Were shot and buried over 15,000 people. Westward from Tarnopol, 7 km. from the Dragunov Forest, right from the roadside leading to Brze D zany, six pits were discovered. Tops were sunken, covered with grass and with gray-red soil. Pit No. 1, size: 5 x 3 x 2 meters. Bodies lie in disorder, all dressed injackets and slacks, and shirts. some have winter coats, boots, others with shoes and galoshes. Twenty-eight bodies were examined. Among them: 18 men, 8 women and 2 children. In the pockets were found: combs, matches, tabac, pencils, etc. Two 2-3 year old children didn't show any bullet holes. The others had bullet holes as described above. Pit No. 2, size: 5 x 3 x 2.5 meters. Bodies lay in disorder, decomposed. No. 1, 2, 3, 4 describe condition of bodies in detail. The investigation of the other bodies and skeletons recalled similar damage from bullet wounds in the heads and other parts of the bodies as described above. In 6 pits, sizes from 5 x 4 x 3 to 5 x 3 x 2.5 meters, between 2,500 and 3,000 people were found. According to investigation materials and eyewitness accounts, some pits were camouflaged and not discovered. Assist. of Main - Head Health Dept. Court-Medic. Expert-Doc. Wojikewich First Ukr. Front: Cherwinskij -Capt. M/SL. Kogan Podpolkowik M/SL - Malaev - major justice Kazacheuko Captain M/SL. - Magomedov Captain justice - Novikow Compiled: FO GATO Fond Nr. P. 274 op 1., 123, LL. 118- 123. Archive Director-L. 1. Lelekova Archive Elder-G. W. Trotskava (Translated by I. Gartner)" (Sabrin, 276-278) Work Cited Sabrin, B.F., Ed. Alliance for Murder: The Nazi-Ukrainian Partnership in Genocide. New York: Sarpedon, 1991.
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