Newsgroups: alt.revisionism Subject: Holocaust Almanac: Soldau "Evacuations" - 10 marks/body Summary: Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Followup-To: alt.revisionism Organization: The Nizkor Project, CANADA Keywords: Soldau,Lange,Koppe,Rediess,Himmler,Zichenau Archive/File: holocaust/germany/euthanasia soldau.001 Last-Modified: 1994/11/11 "Gruppenfu"hrer Rediess asked Himmler's permission to borry the highly efficient unit under Sturmbannfu"hrer Herbert Lange that had carried out gassings from mental asylums in the Wartheland. Rediess's subordinates then gathered more than 1,500 mental patients from East Prussian facilities and another 250 to 300 from Zichenau at the Soldau camp. The 'movers' from the vans, now decorated with the name of a coffee firm, loaded one group aboard, headed off, disposed of the bodies, and returned hours later for the next victims. Between May 21 and June 6 the euthanasia patients gathered at Soldau were all 'evacuated' in this way.<72> Lange not only carried out activities quietly; he also left no documentatary record for prying bureaucrats and historians until a dispute broke out. Wilhelm Koppe was having trouble meeting all his expenses in the Wartheland area, so he tried to make a profit off the gassing experiments. When Rediess asked him for the use of Lange's squad, he stipulated that Rediess pay a bonus to the squad - ten makrs for every person killed - and Rediess supposedly agreed. In fact, Rediess's subordinate Rasch paid Lange an advance of two thousand marks before the opeation at Soldau began.<73> Then, however, the squad and Koppe waited in vain for the rest of the money. By October Kippe was forced to write a detailed letter to Rediess's successor retracing the history of the affair and asking for payment. Rediess, who had since become higher SS and police leader in Norway, responded by mail, denying that he had ever taken Koppe's request for money seriously.<74> From these letters and telegrams we learn the details of the Soldau 'evacuations,' as they are called in the documents, and of Himmler's direct involvement. According to Rediess, Himmler held the gassing operation to be particularly important, and after the men completed their 'difficult task,' Himmler ordered them to take a vacation, which they chose to spend in Holland.<75>" (Breitman, 102-3) <72> Rediess to Wolff, 7 Nov. 1940, Herbert Lange SS file, Berlin Document Center. Browning, "Faithful Months," 3, 59. Gerald Fleming, "Hitler and the Final Solution," (Berkeley, 1984; German original, 1982). The term 'evacuation' is used to describe the Soldau operation in Koppe to Sporrenberg, 18 Oct. 1940, and Rediess to Wolff, 7 Nov. 1940, Lange SS file. <73> Koppe to Sporrenberg, 18 Oct. 1940. Lange SS file. <74> Ibid. Rediess to Wolff, 7 Nov. 1940. Lange SS file. <75> Rediess to Wolff, 22 Oct. 1940 (Auszug); Koppe to Wolff, 22 Feb. 1941, Lange SS file. Brandt's phone records for 20 and 22 July 1940 show that Koppe called to discuss Sonderkommando Lange on 20 and 22 July - about the time when the vacation would have been under consideration. NA RG 242, T-581/R 39A. Work Cited Breitman, Richard. Architect of Genocide: Himmler and the Final Solution. New York: Knopf, 1991
Site Map ·
What's New? ·
© The Nizkor Project, 1991-2012
This site is intended for educational purposes to teach about the Holocaust and
to combat hatred.
Any statements or excerpts found on this site are for educational purposes only.
As part of these educational purposes, Nizkor may
include on this website materials, such as excerpts from the writings of racists and antisemites. Far from approving these writings, Nizkor condemns them and
provides them so that its readers can learn the nature and extent of hate and antisemitic discourse. Nizkor urges the readers of these pages to condemn racist
and hate speech in all of its forms and manifestations.
Home · Site Map · What's New? · Search Nizkor
© The Nizkor Project, 1991-2012