The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: places/ussr/ukraine/nikolaev/nikolaev.001


Newsgroups: alt.revisionism,soc.history
Subject: Holocaust Almanac - The Ukrainian Jews
Summary: Brief description of the use of the local political structure
         to assist in the destruction of Ukrainian Jewry; Mayor shot
         for "protecting Jews"
Reply-To: kmcvay@oneb.almanac.bc.ca
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
Organization: The Old Frog's Almanac, Vancouver Island, CANADA
Keywords: Ukraine,Kremenchug,Kharkov,Mariupol,Nikolaev
Lines: 56

Archive/File: holocaust/ussr/ukraine nikolaev.001
Last-Modified: 1994/07/15

   "Mayors in occupied Ukrainian territory were chosen by military
   government officers, sometimes in consultation with the Security
   Police. The appointments were not always successful. In Mariupol
   the mayor had to be replaced after it was discovered that he was
   married to a Jewish woman.<11> The mayor of Kremenchug was actually
   shot by the security police for protecting Jews.<12> In several
   cities, however, the mayors were assigned a variety of tasks in
   Jewish matters. After the Jewish population was shot in Nikolaev,
   the mayor was ordered to reserve Jewish furniture for the military
   and Jewish apartments for ethnic Germans who had lost the roofs
   over their heads.<13> In Kharkov, the municipality was charged with
   the registration of the entire population. The census was to be
   conducted street by street in December 1941. The names and
   addresses of Jews were written down on separate yellow sheets.<14> 
   Shortly after this procedure was completed, the Jews were removed
   from their apartments and placed in a tractor factory from which
   they were taken out in batches to be shot.<15>" (Hilberg,
   Perpetrators, 91)

   <11> Report by Ortskommandantur I/853 in Mariupol, October 2, 1941,
        National Archives Record Group 242, T501, Roll 56.
   <12> Reich Security Main Office IV-A-1, Operational Report No. 156,
	January 16, 1942, Nuremberg trials document NO-3405. The mayor
	was Senitsa Vershovsky.
   <13> Reports by Ortskommandantur I/853 in Nikolaev, September 15
	and 25, 1941, National Archives Record Group 242, T501, Roll
	56.
   <14> Poster of the Kharkov indigenous municipal administration to
	Kharkov Oblast Archives. The archives also hold the
	registration books. See two typical volumes with interspersed
	yellow sheets in Fond 2982, Opis 6, Folders 13 and 35.
   <15> Reich Security Main Office IV-A-1, Operational Report No. 164,
	February 4, 1942, Nuremberg trials document NO-3399, and the
	account by the Kharkov surivvor Maria Markovna Sokol in Ilya
	Ehrenburg and Vasily Grossman, eds., The Black Book, New York,
	1981, pp. 51-56.

                              Work Cited

   Hilberg, Raul.  Perpetrators, Victims, Bystanders: The Jewish
      Catastrophe 1933-1945.  New York: Harper-Collins Publishers, Inc.
      1992


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