Archive/File: places/ukraine/trembowla/trembowla-act.440702 Last-Modified: 1998/07/24 ACT (Abridged) THE PLEBANOWKA MASSACRE 1944, July 2nd Town of Trembowla, Tarnopol Region. We, the undersigned below, The Commission of the Trembowla region: Lubarskoho Afanasievicha, Grebenszczykova Petra Grygorievicha, Dr. Deynickoho Olega Wladmyrowicha, Doc. Poleschuk Zygmunt Antornowych, Med. Koshushko Wladymyra, Comm. Shebelewa Ivana Nasyliewicha, Cap. Sec. Tarubara Mychailuc Ivanowicha, in the presence of Trembowla residents: Gonclovicha Franca Ivanovicha, Wylki Petra Antonovicha, Naryneckoho Yosyfa Ivanovicha, Korezynskoho Y. Y., Kuncewa G. P., Gashchak C. Y., Kostelnika Yl., Wonsowych A. P., Strelecky Ivan, Trylycha M., Syclorov, L, Godlewski, T., Wylczynski M., Grycshyna, L, Zubyk Z., and other Trembowla residents took part in the investigation of the heinous crimes committed by the Nazis in Trembowla and surrounding areas. The Commission, including the court-Med. experts, established the facts of brutal systematic extermination perpetrated by the Hitlerites, against the local residents: Jews, Poles, Ukrainians and war prisoners. The above-mentioned Commission investigated the OPENED PITS, located 400 meters from the village Plebanowka, Trembowla region. Three large excavated pits revealed the dead bodies. On the order given by the Regional Commander of Tarnopol, Gestapo Major Miller, an "Action" took place in the town of Trembowla, April 7, 1943, in which over one thousand people were exterminated. An eyewitness, Malinovski 1. U., describes the "Action" in detail. The Court-Med. Commission established the following: First Pit: 15 meters long, 3 meters wide, 4 meters deep. There were over 10 layers of bodies. The top layers were in the process of decomposition, The bottom layers were still intact. Some were with their clothes on. Women and children were found together. Thirty-five percent of the victims were shot dead on the spot. Fifty percent of the people were injured, and fifteen percent were buried alive. A total of 1,100 bodies were in the first pit. Second Pit: 10 meters long, 3 meters Wide, and 3 meters deep. Among the dead bodies in this pit were women with no visible m1uries. They were buried alive. Some bodies were still intact, some others in a stage of decomposition. The Second Pit contained 845 bodies. Third Pit: 10 meters long, 2.5 meters wide, 3 meters deep. The condition of the bodies was similar to those described above. The Third Pit contained 350 human bodies. During the excavation of other pits, located in the "Koshary, Trembowla outskirt region of former war-prisoner camp, near "Red Army" street, mass shootings took place in 1941. Seven Pits (five in parallel order) were excavated. All were filled with human bodies. Some of the bodies were still intact. The bodies of the elderly persons, women, and children showed bullet wounds in the heads and other parts of the body. The First Pit was 10 x 2.5 x 3 meters. Four other Pits were of similar size as above, but only 1.5 x 2 meters deep. In the Sixth Pit, 2 x 2 x 2, were found: Broken shovels, iron bars, and pieces of rope, with which the victims were probably tied. The Seventh Pit was located near the street, It was 3 x 1.5 x 2 meters. Nine additional graves were found nearby in the forest. There Red-Army prisoners were tortured to death and buried. Among the dead bodies murdered in 1941 were recognized Christians: Seretny M. K., Chop S., and Cymbaluk Yosef G. Some were recognized by relatives, clothing and documents. The latter one (Cymbaluk) had his head split with a hard tool. In one pit a dead horse was found together with human bodies. In the above mentioned Pits, over 800 bodies were found. The investigation Commission established the following findings: In the area of Plebanovka Village - 2,245 In "Koshary," town Trembowla - 800 Near Red Army Street - 8 Forest (war prison) Camp - 9 Region of German Police -35 The mass extermination ("Actions") in the Plebanowka Village took place in April-July, 1943. In the "Koshary" region, the massacres took place in 1941. The Commission made the following conclusions: Responsibility for the criminal atrocities in Trembowla region Government of Nazi Germany, and those directly involved: German Lands-Commissar of the town of Trembowla- Weber. Regional Gestapo Commander of the city of Tarnopol -Major Miller. His Deputy - Captain Polkert. Commander of the German Police, town of Trembowla Skylark. Commander of Ukrainian Police in the town of Trembowla - Goncharyk. Head of the Ukrainian Committee in Trembowla -Dr. Bazar, and the criminal Lewkova. Investigation Commission: Chairman: Lubarsky 1. Commission Member- PyIkik 2. Commission Member- Greberishchykov 3. Commission Member- Dejnicki 4. Commission Member- Poleshchuk 5. Commission Member- Koshushko 6. Commission Member- Schembelev 7. Commission Member- Gorubara 8. Commission Member- Gondowich 9. Commission Member- Wylki 10. Commission Member- Narynetski 11. Commission Member- Korchynski 12. Commission Member- Kuncev 13. Commission Member- Gashchak 14. Commission Member- Wonsowich Osnovanye: Gato, Fond Nr. P-274, On. 2, A. 123 AA. 126-128 Archive Dir. - L.I. Lelekova Elder Archivist - G.W. Trotskaya (Translated by S. Brinstein) (Sabrin, 278-80) Work Cited Sabrin, B.F., Ed. Alliance for Murder: The Nazi-Ukrainian Partnership in Genocide. New York: Sarpedon, 1991.
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