The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: people/r/raven.greg/1996/raven.0396


From ihrgreg@kaiwan.com Mon Mar  4 23:30:56 PST 1996
Article: 26105 of alt.revisionism
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From: Greg Raven 
Newsgroups: alt.revisionism
Subject: Re: Auschwitz: The 4-Million
Date: Mon, 04 Mar 1996 20:34:04 +0000
Organization: Institute for Historical Review
Lines: 25
Message-ID: <313B53BC.14F4@kaiwan.com>
References: <4faroe$h1d@ixnews7.ix.netcom.com> <4ftd56$l44@nizkor.almanac.bc.ca> <312355ff.5950464@news.pacificnet.net>  <4ges9o$lbj@wi.combase.com> <4gfmtm$s3g@larry.cc.emory.edu> <4gm2cm$b1b@byatt.alaska.net> 
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To: Sara aka Perrrfect 

Sara aka Perrrfect wrote:
> 
> In article <4gm2cm$b1b@byatt.alaska.net>, Henry Ayre  wrote:
> 
> > The "official" number of Jews exterminated in the "gas chambers" at
> > Auschwitz has fluctuated often according to which "expert" is telling the
> > tale, but the general trend has been downward over the years. Recently, a
> > plaque giving a precise number of victims has been removed from Auschwitz
> > and replaced with another giving a lower figure. This is such a stupid
> > argument that I won't even get out of my chair to look for references.
> 
> In  other words, "I just made this up, so don't ask me for references."
> And even then, there are those of us who will say,"WHERE did you get this
> information?"

If you are seeking a reference for the well-known fact that there were once plaques at 
Auschwitz that claimed 4 million (not exclusively Jewish) deaths, I would recommend Leon 
Degrelle's "Letter to the Pope on His Visit to Auschwitz," which I believe even has a 
photo of the Pope standing over the 19 plaques (each in a different language) in 1979, if 
memory serves on the year.

-- 
Greg Raven (ihrgreg@kaiwan.com)
PO Box 10545, Costa Mesa, CA 92627
http://www.kaiwan.com/~ihrgreg



The URL is 
http://www.dejanews.com/cgi-bin/dngetdoc.html?RECNUM=6163583+SERVER=dnserve
r.db95q4+CONTEXT=827180967.14324 but I don't know if that will remain 
valid for long.




Re: Supressing Multiple Names in To: w/ Nickname List

From: ihrgreg@kaiwan.com (Greg Raven) 
Date: 1995/12/27

MessageID: ihrgreg-2712950707250001@kaiwan098.kaiwan.com#1/1


references: 
organization: Institute for Historical Review
newsgroups: comp.mail.eudora.mac

In article ,
jayfar@netaxs.com (Jay Farrell) wrote:

> Is there a good way to mail to a fairly large nickname list without each
> recipient seeing a huge spew of names in the To: header.
> 
> I know if I put the nickname into the Bcc:, rather than to: that will work
> sort of, but looks kind of funny as it puts a paren comment into the to:
> line, something to the effect that the recipient's address was supressed
> (I forget the exact wording).
> 
> Ideally, I'd like each recipient see the only their own address in the to:
> or the unexpanded nickname itself (which would be the name of my list).
> 
> I want to use Eudora Pro to send software update notices to at most a few
> hundred recipients.  What is the upper limit anyway?  I see no clues to
> this in the manual, although it does talk about using special files for
> this purpose.

I send the message to myself, and put a nickname for the "real" recipients
in the BCC line.

-- 
Greg Raven
ihrgreg@kaiwan.com
http://www.kaiwan.com/~ihrgreg
From ihrgreg@kaiwan.com Sun Mar 24 15:02:45 PST 1996
Article: 27751 of alt.revisionism
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From: Greg Raven 
Newsgroups: alt.revisionism
Subject: Re: Holocaust denial = promotion of hatred?
Date: Wed, 20 Mar 1996 19:14:57 +0000
Organization: Institute for Historical Review
Lines: 23
Message-ID: <31505931.2AD4@kaiwan.com>
References: <4ijll5$7h3@access1.digex.net> <4ik0aq$svl@newsbf02.news.aol.com> 
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To: Jamie McCarthy 

Jamie McCarthy wrote:
> 
> dvdthomas@aol.com (DvdThomas) wrote:
> 
> > The thing between Faurisson and Cole is a simple personality clash.
> 
> No.  Cole has pointed out several instances in which Faurisson
> deliberately lied and changed facts, in order to advance his own
> "revisionist" views.
> 
> That's more than a personality clash.  That's refutation.  Faurisson
> is dishonest, and Cole exposed several examples of that dishonesty.

So, you believe Cole when he makes statements about Faurisson, but you 
do not believe him when he makes statements critical of the so-called 
gas chambers? As you have probably never met nor spoken to Faurisson, 
and because you most assuredly have never seen a Nazi gas chamber, how 
do you discriminate?

-- 
Greg Raven (ihrgreg@kaiwan.com)
PO Box 10545, Costa Mesa, CA 92627
http://www.kaiwan.com/~ihrgreg


From ihrgreg@kaiwan.com Sun Mar 24 15:02:45 PST 1996
Article: 27752 of alt.revisionism
Path: nizkor.almanac.bc.ca!news.island.net!news.bctel.net!imci2!news.internetMCI.com!newsfeed.internetmci.com!in1.uu.net!tandem!UB.com!kaiwan.kaiwan.com!usenet
From: Greg Raven 
Newsgroups: alt.revisionism
Subject: Re: USS LIBERTY
Date: Wed, 20 Mar 1996 19:20:33 +0000
Organization: Institute for Historical Review
Lines: 15
Message-ID: <31505A81.7669@kaiwan.com>
References: <4ijg6o$es0@wi.combase.com> <4ijt3r$sa8@newsbf02.news.aol.com>
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To: DvdThomas 

DvdThomas wrote:
> 
> J. McCarthy writes:
> 
> >What possible motivation do you think Israel would have had for
> >attacking a U.S. vessel, DvdThomas?

For more information, see:

http://www.halcyon.com/jim/ussliberty/

-- 
Greg Raven (ihrgreg@kaiwan.com)
PO Box 10545, Costa Mesa, CA 92627
http://www.kaiwan.com/~ihrgreg


From ihrgreg@kaiwan.com Tue Mar 26 18:56:33 PST 1996
Article: 28178 of alt.revisionism
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From: Greg Raven 
Newsgroups: alt.revisionism
Subject: A few facts about the IHR
Date: Sun, 24 Mar 1996 08:25:38 +0000
Organization: Institute for Historical Review
Lines: 263
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This is a multi-part message in MIME format.

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http://www.kaiwan.com/~ihrgreg/pamphlets/ihrfacts.html

-- 
Greg Raven (ihrgreg@kaiwan.com)
PO Box 10545, Costa Mesa, CA 92627
http://www.kaiwan.com/~ihrgreg

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    A Few Facts About the IHR 


A few facts about the Institute For Historical Review

P. O. Box 2739 -- Newport Beach, CA 92659 -- U.S.A.

Founded in 1978, the Institute for Historical Review is a not-for-profit research, educational and publishing center devoted to truth and accuracy in history. The IHR continues the tradition of historical revisionism pioneered by distinguished historians such as Harry Elmer Barnes, A.J.P. Taylor, Charles Tansill, Paul Rassinier and William H. Chamberlin.

The purpose of the IHR is, in the words of Barnes, to "bring history into accord with the facts." To this end, it sheds light on suppressed information about key chapters of history, especially twentieth century history, that have special relevance today.

With growing support from across the United States and around the world, the IHR works for truthfulness in history, to restore sanity in America's foreign policy, to liberate people from pseudo-religious intimidation, and for the First Amendment right of free speech. The IHR also works to tear down barriers to international peace and understanding by encouraging greater understanding of the root causes, nature and consequences of war. Nowhere is this work more important than here in the United States, where untold billions of dollars are squandered yearly in preparation for war and conflict.

Certainly the best-known and most controversial aspect of the IHR's work has been its treatment of the Holocaust issue. Over the years, the IHR has published detailed books and numerous probing essays by scholars such as Dr. Arthur Butz of Northwestern University and French professor Robert Faurisson that call into question the orthodox Holocaust extermination story. The Institute does not "deny the Holocaust." It does not dispute the suffering and terrible persecution of European Jews during the Second World War. At the same time, though, a growing body of documentary, forensic and other evidence shows that much of what we're told about the "Holocaust" is exaggerated or simply not true.

Growing impact

Defying powerful adversaries, the Institute's impact continues to grow. While media coverage of the IHR and its work is still overwhelmingly hostile, the Institute and historical revisionism have been receiving more routine and widespread attention.

For example, millions of Americans were introduced to the IHR through the March 20, 1994, broadcast of CBS's "60 Minutes," one of the country's most widely viewed television shows. Our Journal was also introduced, and the front cover of the Nov.-Dec. 1993 issue was shown on screen.

The IHR is frequently cited in newspapers and magazines, including Time, Vanity Fair, The New Yorker, The Wall Street Journal, and the Los Angeles Times. Institute spokesmen have made numerous radio and television appearances. The IHR is now grudgingly accepted as an established part of America's social-cultural landscape.

For peace and understanding

As George Orwell aptly noted in his classic Nineteen Eighty-Four: "Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past."

Bitter experience has taught us just how little we can trust politicians and governments, especially during wartime when official and semi-official propagandists are most busy deceiving the public. As the eminent American historian Harry Elmer Barnes put it: "Truth is always the first war casualty. The emotional disturbances and distortions in historical writing are greatest in wartime."

Because of this, Americans have been misled into one costly, devastating, and needless war after another. During the 1991 Gulf War, for example, government officials and much of the media lied and deceived the American people to justify the needless slaughter and devastation of that conflict.

As shrewd observers have long understood, history is written by the victors. This is particularly true with regard to the history of the Second World War. The origins and nature of that catastrophic conflict are routinely portrayed as a simplistic struggle between good and evil, in a childish and emotion-charged way.

Powerful interests -- including politicians and the major media -- distort the historical record for self-serving reasons. Textbooks, motion pictures and television routinely present history in a slanted and partisan way.

Purpose

Artificially maintaining the hatreds and passions of the past prevents genuine reconciliation and lasting peace. As Dr. Harry Elmer Barnes emphasized, historical revisionism is the key to just and lasting peace.

In seeking to replace deceitful and emotion-charged portrayals with truth and fact, the IHR promotes historical awareness, understanding and mutual respect among nations. An awareness of real history provides understanding about the great issues of the present and the future.

The work of the IHR in "blasting the historical blackout" is all the more relevant and timely in this final decade of the twentieth century, as the political-economic order imposed by the victorious powers of the Second World War dramatically collapses -- and along with it a distorted and one-sided historical perspective.

In a world so saturated with historical lies and self-serving propaganda, the Institute for Historical Review stands as a precious beacon.

Bigoted attacks against the IHR

The Institute is sometimes denounced as an anti-Jewish or racist "hate group." This is a baseless smear.

Since its founding, the IHR has steadfastly opposed bigotry of all kinds in its efforts to promote greater public understanding of history. It does not seek to whitewash any past regime or rehabilitate any ideology. The IHR is proud of the backing it has earned from people of the most diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds (including Jewish).

In fact, the IHR itself has been a target of real hate groups such as the Jewish Defense League, an organization the FBI has characterized as criminal and terrorist.

Following numerous death threats by telephone and mail, extensive property damage, five relatively minor fire bombings, one drive-by shooting and two physical assaults, the IHR's office-warehouse was destroyed in an arson attack on July 4, 1984. Estimated property loss was more than $400,000, including tens of thousands of books, rare documents, irreplaceable files and expensive office equipment.

In addition, well-financed special interest groups seeking to curtail open discussion of vital historical issues have for years targeted the Institute, grossly misrepresenting its work and purpose. Prominent among these are the Simon Wiesenthal Center (Los Angeles) and the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith (New York) -- stridently partisan organizations with well documented records as staunch apologists for narrow Zionist-Jewish interests.

Along with the Institute's growing impact has come, inevitably, ever more furious attacks from intolerant adversaries. Such desperate and mean-spirited opposition is actually a sign of the IHR's growing effectiveness.

Books

A major task of the Institute is the publication of solid works of historiography. The IHR brings long-neglected revisionist classics back into print, and breaks fresh ground with professionally edited and attractively designed first editions of important new works.

Numerous college and university educators have assigned IHR books as required reading in their courses. Most IHR books can be found in major libraries around the world. Several IHR titles have been translated into foreign languages. One title alone has sold more than 50,000 copies worldwide. IHR titles include:
  • Why I Survived the A-Bomb, by Akira Kohchi.
  • Falsehood in Wartime: Propaganda Lies of the First World War, by Arthur Ponsonby.
  • The Secret Team: The CIA & Its Allies in Control of the United States & the World, by L. Fletcher Prouty.
  • The Forced War: When Peaceful Revision Failed, by Dr. David L. Hoggan.
  • Pearl Harbor: The Story of the Secret War, by George Morgenstern.
  • Gruesome Harvest: The Allies' Postwar War Against the German People, by R. F. Keeling.
  • No Time for Silence: Pleas for a Just Peace Over Four Decades by Dr. Austin J. App.
  • The Dissolution of Eastern European Jewry, by Walter N. Sanning.
  • Hitler: Born at Versailles, by Leon Degrelle.
  • Campaign in Russia: The Waffen SS on the Eastern Front, by Leon Degrelle.
  • Hoax of the Twentieth Century, by Dr. Arthur R. Butz.
  • Barnes Against the Blackout: Essays Against Interventionism, by Dr. Harry Elmer Barnes.
  • Auschwitz: A Judge Looks at the Evidence, by Wilhelm Stäglich.
  • The Man Who Invented Genocide, by Dr. James J. Martin.
  • The Holocaust Story and the Lies of Ulysses, by Paul Rassinier.
  • Dealing in Hate: The Development of Anti-German Propaganda, by Dr. Michael F. Connors.
  • The 'Confessions' of Kurt Gerstein, by Henri Roques.
In addition to its own titles, the IHR distributes scores of worthwhile books issued by other publishers. More than a hundred solidly researched books and dozens of compelling audio and video tapes are listed and described in the IHR annual catalog.

The Journal of Historical Review

The Institute's Journal of Historical Review, says best-selling British historian David Irving, "has an astounding record of fearlessly shattering the icons of those vested interests who hate and fear the truth. That is why I strongly endorse it, and suggest that every intelligent man and women in America, Britain and the dominions subscribe."

The Journal of Historical Review appears six times yearly in an attractive, handsomely illustrated 48-page magazine format. More than 55 issues have appeared since it first began publication in 1980.

It is the leading periodical of its kind in the world. University libraries, academic centers, individual scholars and discerning lay readers around the world subscribe. The Journal is a member of the Conference of Historical Journals.

Distinguished historians, educators and other academics are members of the Journal's Editorial Advisory Committee. Journal contributors have included respected scholars from around the world.

A Journal reader typically has a keen interest in understanding how and why the world has become what it is today. He is fed up with recycled wartime propaganda being passed off as "history." He is tired of socially destructive lies and bigotry. He wants a sane and healthy future for himself, his family and his country, indeed for all humanity, and realized that it can only be achieved through an understanding of history and the world based on truth and reality.

Conferences

Since 1979, the IHR has held twelve conferences, presenting speakers from Europe, Asia, and Australia, as well as the United States. IHR conference speakers have included:
  • British historian David Irving, perhaps the most widely read historian in the English-speaking world. Author of numerous best-selling works.
  • Pulitzer prize-winning American historian John Toland, author of several best-selling works of history.
  • Dr. James J. Martin, an American historian with a 25-year career as an educator. Author of several meticulously researched historical studies. Contributor to the Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  • Fred Leuchter, America's foremost expert on execution hardware. Author of a widely discussed forensic report on the alleged extermination "gas chambers" at Auschwitz.
  • Hideo Miki, retired professor at Japan's National Defense Academy and retired Lieutenant General of Japan's Self-Defense Forces.
  • John Bennett, noted Australian civil liberties attorney and activist, and president of the Australian Civil Liberties Union.

Other activities

The educational work of the IHR also includes outreach through its Media Project. Project director Bradley Smith has appeared on more than 400 radio talk shows, reaching an audience estimated in the millions.

Hundreds of thousands of leaflets from our popular introductory series have been sold and distributed. An IHR speakers' bureau makes speakers available for meetings.


updated February 1995


For a current catalog, with a complete listing of books and audio and video tapes, send two dollars to:

Institute For Historical Review
Post Office Box 2739
Newport Beach, California 92659


Send all questions and comments to ihrgreg@kaiwan.com

Back to Main Menu --------------5D984B086DC5-- From ihrgreg@kaiwan.com Tue Mar 26 18:56:34 PST 1996 Article: 28179 of alt.revisionism Path: nizkor.almanac.bc.ca!news.island.net!vertex.tor.hookup.net!hookup!swrinde!cs.utexas.edu!math.ohio-state.edu!usc!news.cerf.net!newsserver.sdsc.edu!acsc.com!kaiwan.kaiwan.com!usenet From: Greg Raven Newsgroups: alt.revisionism Subject: What constitutes 'Holocaust denial'? Date: Sun, 24 Mar 1996 08:27:26 +0000 Organization: Institute for Historical Review Lines: 313 Message-ID: <3155076E.7355@kaiwan.com> Reply-To: ihrgreg@kaiwan.com NNTP-Posting-Host: kaiwan104.kaiwan.com Mime-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary="------------6EC4109E72A8" X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.01 (Macintosh; I; 68K) To: ihrgreg@kaiwan.com X-URL: http://www.kaiwan.com/~ihrgreg/pamphlets/denial.html This is a multi-part message in MIME format. --------------6EC4109E72A8 Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit http://www.kaiwan.com/~ihrgreg/pamphlets/denial.html -- Greg Raven (ihrgreg@kaiwan.com) PO Box 10545, Costa Mesa, CA 92627 http://www.kaiwan.com/~ihrgreg --------------6EC4109E72A8 Content-Type: text/html; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Content-Disposition: inline; filename="denial.html" Is It Really Denial ?

What is 'Holocaust denial'?

In recent years, more and more attention has been devoted to the supposed danger of "Holocaust denial." Politicians, newspapers and television warn about the growing influence of those who reject the Holocaust story that some six million European Jews were systematically exterminated during the Second World War, most of them in gas chambers.

In several countries, including Israel, France, Germany and Austria, "Holocaust denial" is against the law, and "deniers" have been punished with stiff fines and prison sentences. Some frantic Jewish community leaders are calling for similar government measures in North America against so-called "deniers." In Canada, David Matas, Senior Counsel for the "League for Human Rights" of the Zionist B'nai B'rith organization, says: (note 1)
The Holocaust was the murder of six million Jews, including two million children. Holocaust denial is a second murder of those same six million. First their lives were extinguished; then their deaths. A person who denies the Holocaust becomes part of the crime of the Holocaust itself.
Often overlooked in this controversy is the crucial question: Just what constitutes "Holocaust denial"?

Six Million?

Should someone be considered a "Holocaust denier" because he does not believe -- as Matas and others insist -- that six million Jews were killed during World War II? This figure was cited by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg in 1945-1946. It found that "the policy pursued [by the German government] resulted in the killing of six million Jews, of which four million were killed in the extermination institutions." (note 2)

Yet if that is so, then several of the most prominent Holocaust historians could be regarded as "deniers." Professor Raul Hilberg, author of the standard reference work, The Destruction of the European Jews, does not accept that six million Jews died. He puts the total of deaths (from all causes) at 5.1 million. Gerald Reitlinger, author of The Final Solution, likewise did not accept the six million figure. He estimated the figure of Jewish wartime dead might be as high as 4.6 million, but admitted that this was conjectural due to a lack of reliable information.

Human Soap?

Is someone a "Holocaust denier" if he says that the Nazis didn't use Jewish fat to make soap? After examining all the evidence (including an actual bar of soap supplied by the Soviets), the Nuremberg Tribunal declared in its Judgment that "in some instances attempts were made to utilize the fat from the bodies of the victims in the commercial manufacture of soap." (note 3)

In 1990, though, Israel's official "Yad Vashem" Holocaust memorial agency "rewrote history" by admitting that the soap story was not true. "Historians have concluded that soap was not made from human fat. When so many people deny the Holocaust ever happened, why give them something to use against the truth?," said Yad Vashem official Shmuel Krakowski. (note 4)

Wannsee Conference?

Is someone a "Holocaust denier" if he does not accept that the January 1942 "Wannsee conference" of German bureaucrats was held to set or coordinate a program of systematic mass murder of Europe's Jews? If so, Israeli Holocaust historian Yehuda Bauer must be wrong -- and a "Holocaust denier" -- because he recently declared: "The public still repeats, time after time, the silly story that at Wannsee the extermination of the Jews was arrived at." In Bauer's opinion, Wannsee was a meeting but "hardly a conference" and "little of what was said there was executed in detail." (note 5)

Extermination Policy?

Is someone a "Holocaust denier" if he says that there was no order by Hitler to exterminate Europe's Jews? There was a time when the answer would have been yes. Holocaust historian Raul Hilberg, for example, wrote in the 1961 edition of his study, The Destruction of the European Jews, that there were two Hitler orders for the destruction of Europe's Jews: the first given in the spring of 1941, and the second shortly thereafter. But Hilberg removed mention of any such order from the revised, three-volume edition of his book published in 1985. (note 6) As Holocaust historian Christopher Browning has noted: (note 7)
In the new edition, all references in the text to a Hitler decision or Hitler order for the "Final Solution" have been systematically excised. Buried at the bottom of a single footnote stands the solitary reference: "Chronology and circumstances point to a Hitler decision before the summer ended." In the new edition, decisions were not made and orders were not given.
A lack of hard evidence for an extermination order by Hitler has contributed to a controversy that divides Holocaust historians into "intentionalists" and "functionalists." The former contend that there was a premeditated extermination policy ordered by Hitler, while the latter hold that Germany's wartime "final solution" Jewish policy evolved at lower levels in response to circumstances. But the crucial point here is this: notwithstanding the capture of literally tons of German documents after the war, no one can point to documentary evidence of a wartime extermination order, plan or program. This was admitted by Professor Hilberg during his testimony in the 1985 trial in Toronto of German-Canadian publisher Ernst Zuendel. (note 8)

Auschwitz

So just what constitutes "Holocaust denial"? Surely a claim that most Auschwitz inmates died from disease and not systematic extermination in gas chambers would be "denial." But perhaps not. Jewish historian Arno J. Mayer, a Princeton University professor, wrote in his 1988 study Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?: The 'Final Solution" in History': . . . From 1942 to 1945, certainly at Auschwitz, but probably overall, more Jews were killed by so-called 'natural' causes than by 'unnatural' ones." (note 9)

Even estimates of the number of people who died at Auschwitz -- allegedly the main extermination center -- are no longer clear cut. At the postwar Nuremberg Tribunal, the Allies charged that the Germans exterminated four million people at Auschwitz. (note 10) Until 1990, a memorial plaque at Auschwitz read: "Four Million People Suffered and Died Here at the Hands of the Nazi Murderers Between the Years 1940 and 1945." (note 11) During a 1979 visit to the camp, Pope John Paul II stood before this memorial and blessed the four million victims.

Is it "Holocaust denial" to dispute these four million deaths? Not today. In July 1990, the Polish government's Auschwitz State Museum, along with Israel's Yad Vashem Holocaust center, conceded that the four million figure was a gross exaggeration, and references to it were accordingly removed from the Auschwitz monument. Israeli and Polish officials announced a tentative revised toll of 1.1 million Auschwitz dead. (note 12) In 1993, French Holocaust researcher Jean-Claude Pressac, in a much-discussed book about Auschwitz, estimated that altogether about 775,000 died there during the war years. (note 13)

Professor Mayer acknowledges that the question of how many really died in Auschwitz remains open. In Why Did the Heavens Not Darken? he wrote (p. 366):
. . . Many questions remain open . . . All in all, how many bodies were cremated in Auschwitz? How many died there all told? What was the national, religious, and ethnic breakdown in this commonwealth of victims? How many of them were condemned to die a 'natural' death and how many were deliberately slaughtered? And what was the proportion of Jews among those murdered in cold blood among these gassed? We have simply no answers to these questions at this time.

Gas Chambers

What about denying the existence of extermination "gas chambers"? Here too, Mayer makes a startling statement (on page 362 of his book): "Sources for the study of the gas chambers are at once rare and unreliable." While Mayer believes that such chambers did exist at Auschwitz, he points out that
most of what is known is based on the depositions of Nazi officials and executioners at postwar trials and on the memory of survivors and bystanders. This testimony must be screened carefully, since it can be influenced by subjective factors of great complexity.

Hoess Testimony

One example of this might be the testimony of Rudolf H°ss, an SS officer who served as commandant of Auschwitz. In its Judgment, the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal quoted at length from his testimony to support its findings of extermination. (note 14)

It is now well established that H°ss' crucial testimony, as well as his so-called "confession" (which was also cited by the Nuremberg Tribunal), are not only false, but were obtained by beating the former commandant nearly to death. (note 15) H°ss' wife and children were also threatened with death and deportation to Siberia. In his statement -- which would not be admissible today in any United States court of law -- H°ss claimed the existence of an extermination camp called "Wolzek." In fact, no such camp ever existed. He further claimed that during the time that he was commandant of Auschwitz, two and a half million people were exterminated there, and that a further half million died of disease. (note 16) Today no reputable historian upholds these figures. H°ss was obviously willing to say anything, sign anything and do anything to stop the torture, and to try to save himself and his family.

Forensic Investigations

In his 1988 book, Professor Mayer calls for "excavations at the killing sites and in their immediate environs" to determine more about the gas chambers. In fact, such forensic studies have been made. The first was conducted in 1988 by American execution equipment consultant, Fred A. Leuchter, Jr. He carried out an on-site forensic examination of the alleged gas chambers at Auschwitz, Birkenau and Majdanek to determine if they could have been used to kill people as claimed. After a careful study of the alleged killing facilities, Leuchter concluded that the sites were not used, and could not have been used, as homicidal gas chambers. Furthermore, an analysis of samples taken by Leuchter from the walls and floors of the alleged gas chambers showed either no or minuscule traces of cyanide compound, from the active ingredient of Zyklon B, the pesticide allegedly used to murder Jews at Auschwitz. (note 17)

A confidential forensic examination (and subsequent report) commissioned by the Auschwitz State Museum and conducted by Institute of Forensic Research in Krakow has confirmed Leuchter's finding that minimal or no traces of cyanide compound can be found in the sites alleged to have been gas chambers. (note 18)

The significance of this is evident when the results of the forensic examination of the alleged homicidal gas chambers are compared with the results of the examination of the Auschwitz disinfestation facilities, where Zyklon B was used to delouse mattresses and clothing. Whereas no or only trace amounts of cyanide were found in the alleged homicidal gas chambers, massive traces of cyanide were found in the walls and floor in the camp's disinfestation delousing chambers.

Another forensic study has been carried out by German chemist Germar Rudolf. On the basis of his on-site examination and analysis of samples, the certified chemist and doctoral candidate concluded: "For chemical-technical reasons, the claimed mass gassings with hydrocyanic acid in the alleged 'gas chambers' in Auschwitz did not take place . . . The supposed facilities for mass killing in Auschwitz and Birkenau were not suitable for this purpose . . ." (note 19)

Finally, there is the study of Austrian engineer Walter Lueftl, a respected expert witness in numerous court cases, and former president of Austria's professional association of engineers. In a 1992 report he called the alleged mass extermination of Jews in gas chambers "technically impossible." (note 20)

Discredited Perspective

So just what constitutes "Holocaust denial"? Those who advocate criminal persecution of "Holocaust deniers" seem to be still living in the world of 1946 where the Allied officials of the Nuremberg Tribunal have just pronounced their verdict. But the Tribunal's findings can no longer be assumed to be valid. Because it relied so heavily on such untrustworthy evidence as the H°ss testimony, some of its most critical findings are now discredited.

For purposes of their own, powerful special interest groups desperately seek to keep substantive discussion of the Holocaust story taboo. One of the ways they do this is by purposely mischaracterizing revisionist scholars as "deniers." But the truth can't be suppressed forever: There is a very real and growing controversy about what actually happened to Europe's Jews during World War II.

Let this issue be settled as all great historical controversies are resolved: through free inquiry and open debate in our journals, newspapers and classrooms.

Notes

  1. Globe and Mail (Toronto), Jan. 22, 1992.
  2. Trial of the Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal (IMT "blue series"), Vol. 22, p. 496.
  3. IMT "blue series," Vol. 22, p. 496.
  4. Globe and Mail (Toronto), April 25, 1990; See also: M. Weber, "Jewish Soap," The Journal of Historical Review, Summer 1991.
  5. Canadian Jewish News (Toronto), Jan. 30, 1992.
  6. See: Barbara Kulaszka, ed., Did Six Million Really Die: Report of the Evidence in the Canadian 'False News' Trial of Ernst Zndel (Toronto: Samisdat, 1992), pp. 192, 300, 349.
  7. "The Revised Hilberg," Simon Wiesenthal Annual, Vol. 3, 1986, p. 294.
  8. B. Kulaszka, ed., Did Six Million Really Die (Toronto: 1992), pp. 24-25.
  9. A. Mayer, Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?: The 'Final Solution' in History (Pantheon, 1988), p. 365.
  10. Nuremberg document 008-USSR.; IMT "blue series," Vol. 39, pp. 241, 261.
  11. B. Kulaszka, ed., Did Six Million Really Die (Toronto: 1992), p. 441.
  12. Y. Bauer, "Fighting the Distortions," Jerusalem Post (Israel), Sept. 22, 1989; Auschwitz Deaths Reduced to a Million," Daily Telegraph (London), July 17, 1990; "Poland Reduces Auschwitz Death Toll Estimate to 1 Million," The Washington Times, July 17, 1990.
  13. J.-C. Pressac, Les Cr¦metoires d'Auschwitz: La machinerie du meurtre de masse (Paris: CNRS, 1993). See also: R. Faurisson, "Jean-Claude Pressac's New Auschwitz Book," The Journal of Historical Review, Jan.-Feb. 1994, p. 24.
  14. IMT "blue series," Vol. 22, p. 485; Nuremberg document 3868-PS (USA-819), in IMT "blue series," Vol. 33, pp. 275-279.
  15. Rupert Butler, Legions of Death (England: 1983), pp. 235-237; C. Hitchens, "Whose History is it?," Vanity Fair (New York), Dec. 1993, p. 117.
  16. See: R. Faurisson, "How the British Obtained the Confession of Rudolf Hoess," The Journal of Historical Review, Winter 1986-87, pp. 389-403.
  17. A deluxe edition of The Leuchter Report is available from the IHR for $20.00, plus $2.00 shipping.
  18. The complete text of this report was published in English in The Journal of Historical Review, Summer 1991.
  19. G. Rudolf, Gutachten ueber die Bildung und Nachweisbarkeit von Cyanidverbindungen in den 'Gaskammern' von Auschwitz (London: 1993). See: The Journal of Historical Review, Nov.-Dec. 1993, pp. 25-26.
  20. "The 'Lueftl Report'," The Journal of Historical Review, Winter 1992-93.

This article is adapted from an essay originally distributed in 1992 by The Canadian Free Speech League (P.O. Box 40143, Victoria, B.C. V8W 3N3), a federally incorporated, not-for-profit association that has helped with the legal defense of Ernst Zndel, among others.

April 1994
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Back to Main Menu --------------6EC4109E72A8-- From ihrgreg@kaiwan.com Tue Mar 26 18:56:44 PST 1996 Article: 28315 of alt.revisionism Path: nizkor.almanac.bc.ca!news.island.net!news.bctel.net!kryten.awinc.com!laslo.netnet.net!en.com!in-news.erinet.com!ddsw1!news.mcs.net!bug.rahul.net!rahul.net!a2i!kaiwan.kaiwan.com!usenet From: Greg Raven Newsgroups: alt.revisionism Subject: Auschwitz myths and facts Date: Mon, 25 Mar 1996 18:28:34 +0000 Organization: Institute for Historical Review Lines: 375 Message-ID: <3156E5D2.1D04@kaiwan.com> Reply-To: ihrgreg@kaiwan.com NNTP-Posting-Host: kaiwan080.kaiwan.com Mime-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary="------------60EB454031A2" X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0 (Macintosh; I; PPC) X-URL: http://www.kaiwan.com/~ihrgreg/pamphlets/auschwitz.html This is a multi-part message in MIME format. --------------60EB454031A2 Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit http://www.kaiwan.com/~ihrgreg/pamphlets/auschwitz.html -- Greg Raven (ihrgreg@kaiwan.com) PO Box 10545, Costa Mesa, CA 92627 http://www.kaiwan.com/~ihrgreg --------------60EB454031A2 Content-Type: text/html; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Content-Disposition: inline; filename="auschwitz.html" Auschwitz: Myths and Facts

Auschwitz: Myths and facts

by Mark Weber

Nearly everyone has heard of Auschwitz, the German wartime concentration camp where many prisoners -- most of them Jewish -- were reportedly exterminated, especially in gas chambers. Auschwitz is widely regarded as the most terrible Nazi extermination center. The camp's horrific reputation cannot, however, be reconciled with the facts.

Scholars challenge Holocaust story

Astonishing as it may seem, more and more historians and engineers have been challenging the widely accepted Auschwitz story. These "revisionist" scholars do not dispute the fact that large numbers of Jews were deported to the camp, or that many died there, particularly of typhus and other diseases. But the compelling evidence they present shows that Auschwitz was not an extermination center and that the story of mass killings in "gas chambers" is a myth.

The Auschwitz camps

The Auschwitz camp complex was set up in 1940 in what is now south-central Poland. Large numbers of Jews were deported there between 1942 and mid-1944.

The main camp was known as Auschwitz I. Birkenau, or Auschwitz II, was supposedly the main extermination center, and Monowitz, or Auschwitz III, was a large industrial center where gasoline was produced from coal. In addition there were dozens of smaller satellite camps devoted to the war economy.

Four million victims?

At the postwar Nuremberg Tribunal, the Allies charged that the Germans exterminated four million people at Auschwitz. This figure, which was invented by the Soviets, was uncritically accepted for many years. It often appeared in major American newspapers and magazines, for example. (note 1)

Today no reputable historian, not even those who generally accept the extermination story, believes this figure. Israeli Holocaust historian Yehuda Bauer said in 1989 that it is time to finally acknowledge the familiar four million figure is a deliberate myth. In July 1990 the Auschwitz State Museum in Poland, along with Israel's Yad Vashem Holocaust Center, suddenly announced that altogether perhaps one million people (both Jews and non-Jews) died there. Neither institution would say how many of these people were killed, nor were any estimates given of the numbers of those supposedly gassed. (note 2) One prominent Holocaust historian, Gerald Reitlinger, has estimated that perhaps 700,000 or so Jews perished at Auschwitz. More recently, Holocaust historian Jean-Claude Pressac has estimated that about 800,000 persons -- of whom 630,000 were Jewish -- perished at Auschwitz. While even such lower figures are incorrect, they show how the Auschwitz story has changed drastically over the years. (note 3)

Bizarre tales

At one time it was seriously claimed that Jews were systematically electrocuted at Auschwitz. American newspapers, citing a Soviet eyewitness report from liberated Auschwitz, told readers in February 1945 that the methodical Germans had killed Jews there using an "electric conveyor belt on which hundreds of persons could be electrocuted simultaneously [and] then moved on into furnaces. They were burned almost instantly, producing fertilizer for nearby cabbage fields." (note 4)

And at the Nuremberg Tribunal, chief U.S. prosecutor Robert Jackson charged that the Germans used a "newly invented" device to instantaneously "vaporize" 20,000 Jews near Auschwitz "in such a way that there was no trace left of them." (note 5) No reputable historian now accepts either of these fanciful tales.

The H°ss 'confession'

A key Holocaust document is the "confession" of former Auschwitz commandant Rudolf H°ss of April 5, 1946, which was submitted by the U.S. prosecution at the main Nuremberg trial. (note 6)

Although it is still widely cited as solid proof for the Auschwitz extermination story, it is actually a false statement that was obtained by torture.

Many years after the war, British military intelligence sergeant Bernard Clarke described how he and five other British soldiers tortured the former commandant to obtain his "confession." H°ss himself privately explained his ordeal in these words: "Certainly, I signed a statement that I killed two and half million Jews. I could just as well have said that it was five million Jews. There are certain methods by which any confession can be obtained, whether it is true or not." (note 7)

Even historians who generally accept the Holocaust extermination story now acknowledge that many of the specific statements made in the H°ss "affidavit" are simply not true. For one thing, no serious scholar now claims that anything like two and a half or three million people perished in Auschwitz.

The H°ss "affidavit" further alleges that Jews were already being exterminated by gas in the summer of 1941 at three other camps: Belzec, Treblinka and Wolzek. The "Wolzek" camp mentioned by H°ss is a total invention. No such camp existed, and the name is no longer mentioned in Holocaust literature. Moreover, the story these days by those who believe in the Holocaust legend is that gassings of Jews did not begin at Auschwitz, Treblinka, or Belzec until sometime in 1942.

No documentary evidence

Many thousands of secret German documents dealing with Auschwitz were confiscated after the war by the Allies. Not a single one refers to a policy or program of extermination. In fact, the extermination story cannot be reconciled with the documentary evidence.

Many Jewish inmates unable to work

For example, it is often claimed that all Jews at Auschwitz who were unable to work were immediately killed. Jews who were too old, young, sick, or weak were supposedly gassed on arrival, and only those who could be worked to death were temporarily kept alive.

But the evidence shows that, in fact, a very high percentage of the Jewish inmates were not able to work, and were nevertheless not killed. For example, an internal German telex message dated Sept. 4, 1943, from the chief of the Labor Allocation department of the SS Economic and Administrative Main Office (WVHA), reported that of 25,000 Jewish inmates in Auschwitz, only 3,581 were able to work, and that all of the remaining Jewish inmates -- some 21,500, or about 86 percent -- were unable to work. (note 8)

This is also confirmed in a secret report dated April 5, 1944, on "security measures in Auschwitz" by Oswald Pohl, head of the SS concentration camp system, to SS chief Heinrich Himmler. Pohl reported that there was a total of 67,000 inmates in the entire Auschwitz camp complex, of whom 18,000 were hospitalized or disabled. In the Auschwitz II camp (Birkenau), supposedly the main extermination center, there were 36,000 inmates, mostly female, of whom "approximately 15,000 are unable to work." (note 9)

These two documents simply cannot be reconciled with the Auschwitz extermination story.

The evidence shows that Auschwitz-Birkenau was established primarily as a camp for Jews who were not able to work, including the sick and elderly, as well as for those who were temporarily awaiting assignment to other camps. That's the considered view of Dr. Arthur Butz of Northwestern University, who also says that this was the reason for the unusually high death rate there. (note 10)

Princeton University history professor Arno Mayer, who is Jewish, acknowledges in a recent book about the "final solution" that more Jews perished at Auschwitz as a result of typhus and other "natural" causes than were executed. (note 11)

Anne Frank

Perhaps the best known Auschwitz inmate was Anne Frank, who is known around the world for her famous diary. But few people know that thousands of Jews, including Anne and her father, Otto Frank, "survived" Auschwitz.

The 15-year-old girl and her father were deported from the Netherlands to Auschwitz in September 1944. Several weeks later, in the face of the advancing Soviet army, Anne was evacuated along with many other Jews to the Bergen-Belsen camp, where she died of typhus in March 1945.

Her father came down with typhus in Auschwitz and was sent to the camp hospital to recover. He was one of thousands of sick and feeble Jews who were left behind when the Germans abandoned the camp in January 1945, shortly before it was overrun by the Soviets. He died in Switzerland in 1980.

If the German policy had been to kill Anne Frank and her father, they would not have survived Auschwitz. Their fate, tragic though it was, cannot be reconciled with the extermination story.

Allied propaganda

The Auschwitz gassing story is based in large part on the hearsay statements of former Jewish inmates who did not personally see any evidence of extermination. Their beliefs are understandable, because rumors about gassings at Auschwitz were widespread.

Allied planes dropped large numbers of leaflets, written in Polish and German, on Auschwitz and the surrounding areas which claimed that people were being gassed in the camp. The Auschwitz gassing story, which was an important part of the Allied wartime propaganda effort, was also broadcast to Europe by Allied radio stations. (note 12)

Survivor testimony

Former inmates have confirmed that they saw no evidence of extermination at Auschwitz.

An Austrian woman, Maria Vanherwaarden, testified about her camp experiences in a Toronto District Court in March 1988. She was interned in Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1942 for having sexual relations with a Polish forced laborer. On the train trip to the camp, a Gypsy woman told her and the others that they would all be gassed at Auschwitz.

Upon arrival, Maria and the other women were ordered to undress and go into a large concrete room without windows to take a shower. The terrified women were sure that they were about to die. But then, instead of gas, water came out of the shower heads.

Auschwitz was no vacation center, Maria confirmed. She witnessed the death of many fellow inmates by disease, particularly typhus, and quite a few committed suicide. But she saw no evidence at all of mass killings, gassings, or of any extermination program. (note 13)

A Jewish woman named Marika Frank arrived at Auschwitz-Birkenau from Hungary in July 1944, when 25,000 Jews were supposedly gassed and cremated daily. She likewise testified after the war that she heard and saw nothing of "gas chambers" during the time she was interned there. She heard the gassing stories only later. (note 14)

Inmates released

Auschwitz internees who had served their sentences were released and returned to their home countries. If Auschwitz had actually been a top secret extermination center, the Germans would certainly not have released inmates who "knew" what was happening in the camp. (note 15)

Himmler orders death rate reduced

In response to the deaths of many inmates due to disease, especially typhus, the German authorities responsible for the camps ordered firm counter-measures.

The head of the SS camp administration office sent a directive dated Dec. 28, 1942, to Auschwitz and the other concentration camps. It sharply criticized the high death rate of inmates due to disease, and ordered that "camp physicians must use all means at their disposal to significantly reduce the death rate in the various camps." Furthermore, it ordered:
The camp doctors must supervise more often than in the past the nutrition of the prisoners and, in cooperation with the administration, submit improvement recommendations to the camp commandants . . . The camp doctors are to see to it that the working conditions at the various labor places are improved as much as possible.
Finally, the directive stressed that "the Reichsfhrer SS [Heinrich Himmler] has ordered that the death rate absolutely must be reduced." (note 16)

German camp regulations

Official German camp regulations make clear that Auschwitz was not an extermination center. They ordered: (note 17)
New arrivals in the camp are to be given a thorough medical examination, and if there is any doubt [about their health], they must be sent to quarantine for observation.

Prisoners who report sick must be examined that same day by the camp physician. If necessary, the physician must transfer the prisoners to a hospital for professional treatment.

The camp physician must regularly inspect the kitchen regarding the preparation of the food and the quality of the food supply. Any deficiencies that may arise must be reported to the camp commandant.

Special care should be given in the treatment of accidents, in order not to impair the full productivity of the prisoners.

Prisoners who are to be released or transfered must first be brought before the camp physician for medical examination.

Telltale aerial photos

Detailed aerial reconnaissance photographs taken of Auschwitz-Birkenau on several random days in 1944 (during the height of the alleged extermination period there) were made public by the CIA in 1979. These photos show no trace of piles of corpses, smoking crematory chimneys or masses of Jews awaiting death, things that have been repeatedly alleged, and all of which would have been clearly visible if Auschwitz had been the extermination center it is said to have been. (note 18)

Absurd cremation claims

Cremation specialists have confirmed that thousands of corpses could not possibly have been cremated every day throughout the spring and summer of 1944 at Auschwitz, as commonly alleged.

For example, Mr. Ivan Lagace, manager of a large crematory in Calgary, Canada, testified in court in April 1988 that the Auschwitz cremation story is technically impossible. The allegation that 10,000 or even 20,000 corpses were burned every day at Auschwitz in the summer of 1944 in crematories and open pits is simply "preposterous" and "beyond the realm of reality," he declared under oath. (note 19)

Gassing expert refutes extermination story

America's leading gas chamber expert, Boston engineer Fred A. Leuchter, carefully examined the supposed "gas chambers" in Poland and concluded that the Auschwitz gassing story is absurd and technically impossible.

Leuchter is the foremost specialist on the design and installation of gas chambers used in the United States to execute convicted criminals. For example, he designed a gas chamber facility for the Missouri state penitentiary.

In February 1988 he carried out a detailed onsite examination of the "gas chambers" at Auschwitz, Birkenau and Majdanek in Poland, which are either still standing or only partially in ruins. In sworn testimony to a Toronto court and in a technical report, Leuchter described every aspect of his investigation.

He concluded by emphatically declaring that the alleged gassing facilities could not possibly have been used to kill people. Among other things, he pointed out that the so-called "gas chambers" were not properly sealed or vented to kill human beings without also killing German camp personnel. (note 20)

Dr. William B. Lindsey, a research chemist employed for 33 years by the Dupont Corporation, likewise testified in a 1985 court case that the Auschwitz gassing story is technically impossible. Based on a careful on-site examination of the "gas chambers" at Auschwitz, Birkenau and Majdanek, and on his years of experience, he declared: "I have come to the conclusion that no one was willfully or purposefully killed with Zyklon B [hydrocyanic acid gas] in this manner. I consider it absolutely impossible." (note 21)

Notes

  1. Nuremberg document 008-USSR. IMT blue series, Vol. 39, pp. 241, 261.; NC&A red series, vol. 1, p. 35.; C.L. Sulzberger, "Oswiecim Killings Placed at 4,000,000," New York Times, May 8, 1945, and, New York Times, Jan. 31, 1986, p. A4.
  2. Y. Bauer, "Fighting the Distortions," Jerusalem Post (Israel), Sept. 22, 1989; "Auschwitz Deaths Reduced to a Million," Daily Telegraph (London), July 17, 1990; "Poland Reduces Auschwitz Death Toll Estimate to 1 Million," The Washington Times, July 17, 1990.
  3. G. Reitlinger, The Final Solution (1971); J.-C. Pressac, Le Cr¦matoires d'Auschwitz: La Machinerie du meurtre de mass (Paris: CNRS, 1993). On Pressac's estimates, see: L'Express (France), Sept. 30, 1993, p. 33.
  4. Washington (DC) Daily News, Feb. 2, 1945, pp. 2, 35. (United Press dispatch from Moscow).
  5. IMT blue series, Vol. 16, p. 529-530. (June 21, 1946).
  6. Nuremberg document 3868-PS (USA-819). IMT blue series, Vol. 33, pp. 275-279.
  7. Rupert Butler, Legions of Death (England: 1983), pp. 235; R. Faurisson, The Journal of Historical Review, Winter 1986-87, pp. 389-403.
  8. Archives of the Jewish Historical Institute of Warsaw, German document No. 128, in: H. Eschwege, ed., Kennzeichen J (East Berlin: 1966), p. 264.
  9. Nuremberg document NO-021. NMT green series, Vol. 5. pp. 384-385.
  10. Arthur Butz, The Hoax of the Twentieth Century (Costa Mesa, Calif.), p. 124.
  11. Arno Mayer, Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?: The 'Final Solution' in History (Pantheon, 1989), p. 365.
  12. Nuremberg document NI-11696. NMT green series, Vol. 8, p. 606.
  13. Testimony in Toronto District Court, March 28, 1988. Toronto Star, March 29, 1988, p. A2.
  14. Sylvia Rothchild, ed., Voices from the Holocaust (New York: 1981), pp. 188-191.
  15. Walter Laqueur, The Terrible Secret (Boston: 1981), p. 169.
  16. Nuremberg document PS-2171, Annex 2. NC&A red series, Vol. 4, pp. 833-834.
  17. "Rules and Regulations for the Concentration Camps." Anthology, Inhuman Medicine, Vol. 1, Part 1 (Warsaw: International Auschwitz Committee, 1970), pp. 149-151.; S. Paskuly, ed., Death Dealer: the Memoirs of the SS Kommandant at Auschwitz (Buffalo: 1992), pp. 216-217.
  18. Dino A. Brugioni and Robert C. Poirier, The Holocaust Revisited (Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 1979).
  19. Canadian Jewish News (Toronto), April 14, 1988, p. 6.
  20. The Leuchter Report: An Engineering Report on the Alleged Execution Gas Chambers at Auschwitz, Birkenau and Majdanek (Toronto: 1988). Available for $17.00, postpaid, from the IHR.
  21. The Globe and Mail (Toronto), Feb. 12, 1985, p. M3

Summary

The Auschwitz extermination story originated as wartime propaganda. Now, more than 40 years after the end of the Second World War, it is time to take another, more objective look at this highly polemicized chapter of history. The Auschwitz legend is the core of the Holocaust story. If hundreds of thousands of Jews were not systematically killed there, as alleged, one of the great myths of our time collapses.

Artificially maintaining the hatreds and passions of the past prevents genuine reconciliation and lasting peace. Revisionism promotes historical awareness and international understanding. That is why the work of the Institute for Historical Review is so important and deserves your support.


Mark Weber is editor of The Journal of Historical Review, published six times yearly by the Institute for Historical Review. He studied history at the University of Illinois (Chicago), the University of Munich, Portland State University, and Indiana University (M.A., 1977). For five days in March 1988, he testified as a recognized expert witness on the "final solution" and the Holocaust issue in a Toronto District Court case. He is the author of many published articles, reviews and essays on various aspects of modern European history. Weber has appeared as a guest on numerous radio talk shows, and on the nationally-syndicated &q --------------60EB454031A2--

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