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Shofar FTP Archive File: people/i/irving.david/libel.suit/transcripts/day008.04


Archive/File: people/i/irving.david/libel.suit/transcripts/day008.04
Last-Modified: 2000/07/20

   Q.   That takes me back, you see, to Wisliceny and to Bruns and
        to the suggestion I made some days ago, if you remember,
        that the principal reason why, well, one of the two
        reasons why mass shootings of this kind were to stop was
        that they were apt to draw attention to themselves; the
        other was that it was a strain on the people who had to do
        the shooting, and that, in consequence, they had to find
        another means of killing Jews and so they hit upon
        gassing.  Now, will you please comment on that suggestion?
   A.   I do not think that is an adequate suggestion.  I do not
        think that the noise suggestion, if I can paraphrase it as
        that, holds water because these mass killings took place
        many miles outside the built up areas; and as for the
        strain on the nerves, of course, then how is it that the
        Russians managed to carry out their mass shootings on
        similar scales, if not even indeed even greater scales,
        without having to resort to gas chambers?  I do not think
        there is a ----
   Q.   Perhaps, Mr Irving, this is not a trial about the
        Russians.  Perhaps Russian public opinion was not as
        sensitive as German public opinion; who knows?
   A.   Well, exactly.  Who knows the answers to many of these
        questions that you give?
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Mr Rampton, will you go this far -- I cannot
        give you chapter and verse for it, but my impression is

.          P-29



        that there is quite a lot of evidence -- I think that is
        the right word -- to suggest that carrying out the
        shootings was causing, understandably I suppose, real
        anxiety, nervous breakdowns and the rest amongst those
        Germans who were being ordered to carry it out?
   A.   My Lord, with respect, if they intend to make this a plank
        of their case, then they should lead such evidence and not
        allow ----
   Q.   I am asking you if you accept it.
   A.   I do not accept that, my Lord, unless they wish to put it
        to us in a slightly better founded form than Professor
        Browning has done saying it is based on an unspecified
        witness statement on an indictment of someone.
   MR RAMPTON:  That is Dr Longerich, begging your pardon, and
        I am just about to show you something which I hope you
        will agree, as it were, helps to found the stability of
        this proposition by Dr Longerich.  Can you please turn to
        file H4(v) and to footnote 260?
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Before you do, can I ask one further question
        to see whether you are prepared to accept this, that there
        was at least disquiet about the method of executing Jews
        by shooting by the SS?
   A.   Clearly, a lot of the men did not like doing it, but a lot
        of the men did like doing it.  I think Daniel Goldhart has
        brought this out very clearly in his book "Hitler's
        Willing Executioners", that a lot of men actually

.          P-30



        volunteered for the work.  So there is an entire book
        written on this subject recently.  This is Witte, right?
   MR RAMPTON:  My Lord, this is two pages from a book, this
        footnote 262, to Professor Longerich's, the second part of
        his report.  I will, if I may, read from nearly the top of
        the page.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  260, are you talking about?
   MR RAMPTON:  Yes, in fact, I had better start with 16.  That is
        the internal page number on the left-hand side.  The
        German personnel, I do not know even know whose book this
        is.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Yitzhak Arad.
   MR RAMPTON:  "Odilo Globocnik's first" under "German Personnel"
         "was to organize the manpower required for the
        construction and operation of the killing centres.  The
        people assigned to Operation Reinhard came from the
        following sources:  1. SS and policemen who served under
        Globocnik's command in the Lublin district until Operation
        Reinhard".  Then there is a number.  "Members of the SS
        and Police staffs or units.  3.  Chancellery of the Fuhrer
         - Euthanasia programme".  A total of 450 men.
                   "The most important group of Operation Reinhard
        came from the euthanasia programme.  They brought with
        them knowledge and experience in setting up and operating
        gassing institutions for mass murder.  They filled the key
        posts involved with the extermination methods, the

.          P-31



        planning and construction of three death camps - Belzec,
        Sobibor and Treblinka - and the command over these
        camps".  So far, that is just Mr Arad speaking.
                  Now, Mr Irving, here is a report of something
        Dr Brack is later to have said:   "Victor Brack gave
        evidence in his trial after the war about the transfer of
        the euthanasia personnel to Operation Reinhard:
                  "'In 1941, I received an order to discontinue
        the euthanasia programme.  In order to retain the
        personnel that had been relieved of these duties and in
        order to be able to start a new euthanasia programme after
        the war, Bouhler asked me - I think after a conference
        with Himmler - to send this personnel to Lublin and place
        it at the disposal of SS Brigadefuhrer Globocnik".  Are
        you familiar with that evidence, Mr Irving?
   A.   I was reading this a few days ago, yes.
   Q.   Have you never read it before?
   A.   Just a few days ago I read it for the first time.
   Q.   It is a Nuremberg piece of evidence, is it not?
   A.   According to the footnote, it comes from somebody
else's
        book.
   Q.   From what?
   A.   From somebody else's book.
   Q.   I think -- maybe it is not your fault; I made the same
        mistake when I first looked at it -- the footnotes in
        question are those under the heading "Chapter Two" the

.          P-32



        next page?
   A.   Very well.  It is an affidavit, yes.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  It is page 16, so it is likely, I think,
is
        it not?
   MR RAMPTON:  I think so, particularly when we looked a bit
        further down the page.  Anyhow the text goes on as
        follows:
                  "The first group of euthanasia personnel,
        numbering a few dozen men, arrived at Lublin between
the
        end of October and the end of December 1941.  Among
them
        was Kriminalkommissar of Police Christian Wirth, the
        highest ranking officer from the euthanasia programme
        assigned to Operation Reinhard, and Oberscharfuhrer
Josef
        Oberhauser.  Additional people from the euthanasia
        programme arrived in Lublin during the first months of
        1942.  Viktor Brack visited Lublin at the beginning of
May
        1942 and discussed with Globocnik the contribution of
the
        euthanasia organization to the task of exterminating
        Jews.   Globocnik asked for more euthanasia personnel
to
        be placed under his command.  His request was
accepted.
        After this meeting Brack wrote to Himmler:
                  "'In accordance with my orders from
Reichsleiter
        Bouhler, I have long ago" -- that would mean October
1941,
        I assume, according to this historical context, would
it
        not, Mr Irving?
   A.   It could, yes.

.          P-33



   Q.    -- "put at Brigadefuhrer Globocnik's disposal part of
my
        manpower to aid him in carrying out his special
        mission'".  Pause there, do you accept that that
special
        mission was the extermination of hundreds of thousands
of
        Jews?
   A.   Can I make a general comment about the unsatisfactory
        nature of this kind of evidence?
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Yes, but can you answer the question
first?
   A.   No, I do not, not on the basis just of this one
extract
        without knowing what the German document said, without
        seeing the classifications on it, without knowing the
        original wording.  Why are we being presented with
        somebody else's book as a source, just being given
        extracts from it in English?
   MR RAMPTON:  We will try to remedy our negligent behaviour,
        Mr Irving, but assume for a moment that is a fair
        translation of the German of Brack's original letter
in
        May 1942.  Do you agree that it as reference to a
special
        mission by Globocnik which means exterminating Jews in
        Eastern Poland?
   A.   On the balance of probabilities, yes, but I would like
to
        know why we are not being shown the original document.
        You have had teams of researchers working in the
archives
        who could have produced the original affidavit and the
        original letter, and we are only being produced
somebody's
        gloss, somebody's chosen excerpts.  I will draw
attention

.          P-34



        to one or two -- you are looking weary, Mr Rampton.
   Q.   I am looking weary because.
   A.   But maybe my criteria are different.
   Q.   If you have an application to make, Mr Irving -- this
is a
        court of law and not some forum for you to expound
your
        views about this, that and the other, in particular
the
        Defendants' weakness.
   A.   Mr Rampton, frankly I would have hoped that the court
        would have made these observations.
   Q.   Mr Irving, if you have an application to make for
further
        discovery, make it to his Lordship at the proper time,
        will you?
   A.   I would have hoped that the court would have made the
        observation about the quality of this kind of
evidence.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Since you invite me to, I have some
sympathy
        for what you are just saying because this may be quite
an
        important document, I do not know.  As far as I can
see,
        the reference for it in the note 7 is to some
Nuremberg
        documents, but it does not quite read like an extract
from
        a Nuremberg document.
   MR RAMPTON:  It is a letter, my Lord, and many of the
Nuremberg
        documents are letters.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Are they?
   MR RAMPTON:  Yes.  We have looked at several of them in the
        last couple of days.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Right.  But, Mr Rampton, the point really

.          P-35



        that is concerning me a little is you are insisting
(and
        it may be you are right to do so) on going in your
        cross-examination of Mr Irving to a lot of the source
        material.  This is a bit second-hand, is it not?
   MR RAMPTON:  Of course it is and I would much rather have
the
        original.  The fact is I do not have it.  I will try
to
        get it.  I have a feeling that I have seen it
somewhere,
        but I cannot at the moment remember where.  But there
it
        is.  I will try to get it.
                  The purpose of this cross-examination is
not, my
        Lord, to, as it were, investigate the Defendants'
        efficiency or bona fides in the material that they
have
        disclosed.  The purpose of it is to see whether I can
get
        Mr Irving to agree about what the evidence actually
        suggests.
   A.   May I also point out that the references to Operation
        Reinhard are not apparently contained in the documents
        quoted, but they are the interpolation of the author
of
        this book, Mr Yitzhak or whoever it is.  I mean, this
is
        the kind of thing that worries me, that these things
are
        slid in.  There is no reference to Operation Reinhard
in
        the quotations actually given.
   Q.   Well, what was Odilo Globocnik's special mission?
   A.   He was chief of police in Lublin at this time.
   Q.   Why should Brack write to Himmler about the
Globocnik's
        special mission?

.          P-36



   A.   Mr Rampton, in the final analysis we are probably on
the
        same side in this document.
   Q.   I think we are too.
   A.   But I do not want to be ambushed with secondhand
sources
        like this.
   Q.   If we are on the same side, Mr Irving, there is no
ambush,
        is there?
   A.   Well, you are ambushing me with second-hand sources
like
        this where I have no means of testing the integrity of
the
        document.  I would like to make certain observations
about
        the nature of affidavits sworn in Nuremberg which I
shall
        probably do when I come to cross-examination of
Professor
        Longerich.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Let us cut this short.  Would the
Defendants,
        if they can, unearth this document?  In the meantime,
you
        have your answer that "special mission" probably does
        refer to extermination.
   MR RAMPTON:  But I am unapologetic, my Lord, because that
is
        not actually the most important part of this letter.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  You mean you have not get to the most
        important part?
   MR RAMPTON:  No, it is at the bottom of the page.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Shall we press on?
   MR RAMPTON:  Yes, please.  "'Upon his renewed request, I
have
        now transferred to him additional personnel.
Globocnik
        took this opportunity to explain to me his idea that
the

.          P-37



        action against the Jews", that is pretty explicit, is
it
        not, Mr Irving?
   A.   Well, of course, at this time they are busy cleaning
all
        the Jews out of the General Government which is the
        actioning of the Jews.
   Q.   What would Dr Brack have to do with that?
   A.   I do not know.

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