Archive/File: people/i/irving.david/libel.suit/transcripts/day011.21 Last-Modified: 2000/07/20 Q. We will just have a look at the pictures in Pressac in a moment. You answered me this morning, I know, but I will repeat the question because it is connected. Are there any contemporaneous documents referring to the provision of gas stores or any similar equipment for Leichenkeller 2? A. No, there are no documents. Q. What is the size of Leichenkeller 2, the auskleiderkeller, as I call it, as compared with Leichenkeller 1? A. The one-third larger or maybe one-half larger than Leichenkeller 1. Q. Suppose Mr Irving's thesis is right, the corpses must have been undressed in the auskleiderkeller and then dragged through to Leichenkeller 1 to be disinfested, yes? A. If he accepts it was an auskleiderkeller, yes. Q. We can see it was from the documents. We do not have to argue about that. How would the clothes which had been removed from the corpses have been deloused in Leichenkeller 2? A. The only thing, I think, is to bring them also in Leichenkeller 1, to undress the corpses or maybe have the corpses dressed, deloused and then everything is deloused together, I do not know. The procedure seems to me so . P-186 absurd to start with that ---- Q. I know. We just have to dot i's and cross t's sometimes. That is all. I said you would find these questions a bit silly, I am sure. The preheating letter of 6th March 1943: You told us, I think this morning -- I think you said this -- there is no provision for that in any of the plans, so you have drawn it in? A. Yes -- no, in the blueprints there is no trace of such a preheating installation. Q. No. Was there a provision for ventilation from the beginning? A. Ventilation ---- Q. Ventilation. A. --- in morgue No. 1, yes. Q. Was there any preheating provision for Leichenkeller 2? A. No. Q. Then the lift capacity. Tell me if I have the figures right. I think you said it could take 1500 kilograms? A. They were expanding -- the original one was 750 kilograms and they were ordering reinforcement of the cables so that it could take 1500 kilos. Q. I am talking about their intentions. A. Yes. Q. This is all what I call intentional material. If the average corpse, balancing between young children and fat men, if you like, is, say, 60 kilograms, yes? . P-187 A. Yes. Q. Is that fair? I do not think in kilogrammes, you see, so I have to have your help. A. Yes. Q. 60 kilograms, then the capacity for each hoist, each journey, would be about 25 corpses, would it not? A. Yes. Q. The incineration capacity given in the letter of 28th June for all five crematoria, but for this one in particular, is 1440 corpses per 24 hours, is it not? A. Yes. Q. That is, roughly speaking, if you take a 16 hour rather than a 24-hour period, about 90 corpses an hour, is it not? A. Yes. Q. If it is 90 corpses an hour, then the lift can do more than that 90 in 15 minutes? If it can do 25 corpses a load? A. Yes. Q. Then in an hour---- MR JUSTICE GRAY: More than four loads an hour? A. Certainly, sir, yes. MR RAMPTON: That is 50, roughly speaking, and you get to 90 before you got to the end of the hour? A. Yes. Q. Does that seem to you feasible? . P-188 A. Yes. It seems feasible to -- certainly I think the elevator could keep up with the ovens. Q. Yes. That is much more neatly put than I could have put it. Thank you. There is a document up there which I am going to ask you about at the end of this re-examination, Professor van Pelt. I warned Mr Irving that I might. First of all, I want to ask one or two tiny little questions about this air raid shelter thesis. This is, according to Mr Irving, the alternative use for Leichenkeller 1, hence the spy hole and the gas tight door and all that kind of thing. How far are K2 and K3 from the SS barracks? A. We can see it in the air photo, No. 5 in tab 2 which we just took out ---- Q. Yes. A. --- the SS barracks, basically, is in the compound marked with "north". So I would say that since you cannot run diagonally or walk diagonally through the camps of BA2 which is building section 2, you have to go one way or the other around it, so it would be around a mile and a half. Q. A mile and a half? A. Mile and a half. Q. Sorry, help me again about that. Where are the SS barracks? A. They are at the bottom in the square thing. They are at the bottom right-hand corner and they show a kind of . P-189 garden design. There is a kind of a little fountain in the middle with a cross, behind what became the Birkenhau Kommandanttur. MR JUSTICE GRAY: But we are on air raid shelters, are we now? MR RAMPTON: Yes. I am just wondering how practical the Professor thought it was as a site for an air raid shelter, considering it is not big enough to hold the whole of the camp population, how practical it was as a proposition for the people in the SS barracks? A. It is not practical at all -- neither in distance nor also for other reasons. Q. I think you told us also that there was provision for an air raid shelter in due course at Auschwitz 1? A. There are many -- I mean, at a certain moment one gets small air raid shelters and one gets in the crematorium in Auschwitz 1, you get a specific air raid shelter to serve the SS hospital which is right next door. Q. When was that air raid shelter first planned? A. In the fall of 1944. MR JUSTICE GRAY: So afterwards? A. Sorry? Afterwards. Long afterwards. MR RAMPTON: Yes. Can we now just have a look, really so as to finish with air raid shelters, at the photographs in Pressac because I have been going on about a door with a glass spy hole and a metal grille. It is as well to look at them. My Lord, they are at the back of H2(vi). If you . P-190 want to use your own Pressac, Professor, please do. A. Which page? Q. That is the trouble. I am sorry, my Lord. They are in K. They are very bad copies. So if your Lordship would like, I will lend you my much better copy. Have you got your own Pressac? A. I have Pressac if you give me the page number. Q. Look at your own Pressac. It is page 486. Tab 6, my Lord. Page 8 stamped. MR JUSTICE GRAY: K2? MR RAMPTON: K2, tab 6. I think it is K1. MR JUSTICE GRAY: Yes. I do not think it is K2. MR RAMPTON: No, it is not. It is K2. It is a fold out sheet, my Lord. 8 stamped in the right-hand corner. MR JUSTICE GRAY: Yes, I have it. Thank you. MR RAMPTON: Some questions, just a very few, about these photographs, Professor. Do you know when and by whom they were taken? A. They were taken by, I think, the Dawidowski Commission, the Jan Sehn and Dawidowski. Q. As you told the court, the 30 by 40 centimetre gas type shutters, some of them have been preserved, have they not? A. Yes. Q. These not, however, is that right? A. They are not. I have looked for them. I have never seen them. Nobody ever could tell me where they were. . P-191 Q. In the photograph on the right, headed "Document 13", we see the metal grille over the spy hole, do we not? A. Yes. MR JUSTICE GRAY: This came from where, do we know? MR RAMPTON: Well, I think it says Dawidowski and in this sense this says Warsaw Central Commission archives. MR JUSTICE GRAY: No, what I really meant was is the contention this is Leichenkeller 1 in crematorium (ii)? MR RAMPTON: Yes, these are thought to be the gas type doors referred to in the correspondence -- what is it gasturm 8 millimetre ---- A. Yes, gastur. MR IRVING: With respect, I think his Lordship is asking do they come from Auschwitz or Birkenhau. MR JUSTICE GRAY: I was asking, yes, I suppose, in effect, it come to that. I mean, this is Leichenkeller 1 in crematoria (ii), you say? A. The thing is these doors -- it is the problem is we do not have measurements of the doors in the photos. What we know is that when the Leichenkeller 1 gas chamber was taken apart in late 1945, materials were stored at the Bauhoff. The Bauhoff was, basically, a large yard where they kept building materials and also things of buildings they had used and thought of reusing in the future again, or where they thought of shipping somewhere else. So these doors were found at the Bauhoff. There was no label . P-192 attached to the doors and there was also no measurement in here. So the original door is 100 centimetres wide and 192 centimetres high. So, unlike the gas type shutters which are still available for inspection, and which, indeed, are 30 by 40 centimetres, you know, it is possible, it is likely, probable, but cannot be absolutely certain about it, no. MR JUSTICE GRAY: Where has the physical door gone? A. The physical door? Q. The door of which one is looking at the photograph? A. I do not know. I have asked people. Q. It has disappeared? A. Yes. Q. I see. Anyway, you say it is probably ---- MR RAMPTON: I was going just ---- MR JUSTICE GRAY: --- Leichenkeller 1. MR RAMPTON: --- to build that up a little bit further because there is a letter -- can you remind of the date when Bischoff is writing to the internal manufacturer, or the Auschwitz manufacturer, that he wants a gas type door exactly the same as the one -- do you know the one I mean? A. I know the letter. I just ----- MR JUSTICE GRAY: I have it, it is page 44. MR RAMPTON: I am most grateful. MR JUSTICE GRAY: Tab 4. MR RAMPTON: It is tab? . P-193 MR JUSTICE GRAY: Tab 4. MR RAMPTON: Tab 4, Professor. A. Yes, I am here. Q. On 31st March 1943, Bischoff writes to the manufacturer and he says in the second paragraph that he wants a gas door 100 by 192 centimetres for Leichenkeller 1 at crematorium (iii) BW30A, the same design, and what is "mass", size ---- A. "Size", yes. Q. --- as the keller door of the opposite crematorium (ii) with a spy hole from double 8 millimetre glass with a sealing, a gasket -- "gummidichtunng" be rubber sealing? A. Yes. Q. A rubber sealing. What is a beschlag? A. That would be some kind of metal edge or ring. It is mostly metal work which you apply to something else. In this case to wood. Q. So it follows, does it not, as night follows from day, that both Leichenkellers in crematoria (ii) and (iii) had a gas type door of this description? A. Yes. Q. The description in the letter? A. Yes. Q. We know also, do we not, that Tauber described just such a door in his testimony? A. Yes. . P-194 Q. Does this picture correspond with the description in this letter and the description given by Tauber? A. It does correspond with it. I would like to make one caveat. Q. Yes. A. It is of course always possible that these were doors for crematoria 4 and 5, because we do not have the final measurements, but I presume that they would have been designed in the same way. Q. If you look at the picture on the left, document 11, yes, that is necessarily -- sorry, I will not say. That has not got the metal grill on the spy hole, has it? A. It does not because we are looking at the outside. Q. Please let me take it in stages. A. Yes. Q. It does not have the metal grill? A. It does not have the metal grill. Q. It does have, I do not know what you call the thing, it is a sort of a bolt? A. Yes. Q. And probably the bolt, although it is impossible to tell from the picture precisely, goes in that direction, so that one can imagine that it is going to do that? A. Yes. Q. Fit into a slot or arm? A. Yes. . P-195 Q. Look at the hinges. A. I see the hinges. Q. You see the hinges. Does the shape of the hinges tell you anything about the direction in which the door will open? A. The door opens outwards.
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