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Shofar FTP Archive File: people/i/irving.david/libel.suit//transcripts//day021.04

Archive/File: people/i/irving.david/libel.suit/transcripts/day021.04
Last-Modified: 2000/07/24

   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  If you had been your researcher and you had
        seen the kurz Bezeichnung, which, if any, of those would
        you have gone to if you were looking for Bruckner's
        account of these events?
   A.   It does not say the testimony of Wilhelm Bruckner, which
        is the tile the Mr Irving gives.  There is nothing in

.          P-28

        there indicating that there is anything about the 1938
   Q.   So you say the answer is really none of them suggests that
        it would have any bearing?
   A.   No.  In the limited time available, it might be
        interesting to see his views on religion, or his essay on
        Adolf Hitler, but there is nothing there to indicate that
        he has a testimony about 1938.  But there is an indication
        in there of his testimony about other specific events, the
        Hanfstaengel the Rowan Putsch 1934.  Given the fact that
        those specific references are in there, one would expect
        there to be a specific reference in there to his testimony
        about 1938.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  One more question and then I will keep
        quiet.  Who compiles the kurz Bezeichnung?
   A.   It is usually archivists, my Lord.
   Q.   It would not have been Mr Irving?
   MR IRVING:  No, my Lord.  In fact, this particular cover sheet
        was compiled by me.  I gave 500 collection of documents to
        this institute and for each one there was this sheet in
        the front of each file.  The Bruckner file is about
        quarter of an inch thick.  It would have taken possibly
        five minutes to flip through and find the appropriate
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  We may need to hear from the person who
        actually searched the archive.  Yes.

.          P-29

   MR IRVING:  The point I am making, my Lord, is that I am
        accused of not having had proper sources for the
events of
        that night.  The sources were there, they were
        in my Goebbels biography in a manner in which any
        competent researcher would have found the file in a
        of minutes.
   A.   I cannot agree with that, Mr Irving.
   Q.   Can you tell the court now -- I am moving on to
        personality -- who Julius Schaub was?
   A.   Yes.  He was sort of Hitler's ----
   Q.   Factotum?
   A.   Yes, side kick.  It is difficult to find a precise way
        describing him.  He was a very close aid of Hitler's
        very many years.
   Q.   An amanuensis, one of the old guard, with him in the
   A.   Yes.  He joined the party very early on in 1921 or 22,
        personal adjutant from the mid 20s on, and again he
        given a senior office in the SS and possessed various
        decorations and so on.
   Q.   Look at page 257 of your report, please, where we are
        dealing with the Schaub as a source, the source which
        Irving gives for Schaub's claims is: Schaub's
        memoirs in the author's collection in the Institute of
        History in Munich, file ED.100/202.  ED.100 is the
        collection, is that right?

.          P-30

   A.   I think that is true, yes.
   Q.   Oblique stroke 202.  They have now changed the
        you say, to 203.  Can I draw your attention to page 26
        the little bundle I gave you?
   A.   Indeed, yes.
   Q.   This I think will put your Lordship's mined at rest.
        is the reason I am going through these documents.  Is
        a translation of a passage from these Julius Schaub
   A.   I find myself in some difficulty here.  I do not know,
        the answer.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  You made this translation, Mr Irving, did
   MR IRVING:  I made it last night, my Lord, yes.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  You have access then to Julius Schaub's
        papers?  I thought they were in the archive in Munich.
   MR IRVING:  I am pretty certain that this comes from --
yes, it
        comes from the discovery.  There was one page in the
        discovery from these papers I think.  Off of the top
of my
        head I have to say that, but this is a genuine
   A.   You have not supplied the original.
   Q.   It is in H 5?
   MR RAMPTON:  I do not know what particular document Mr
        is talking about or which it is that he has
        There is a piece about Goebbels apparently headed

.          P-31

        Nachlass, whatever that means, at page 4 of tab 5 of
        file L2, the Reichskristallnacht.
   MR IRVING:  Yes, my Lord, that is where it comes from.
   MR RAMPTON:  Which is the reference given by Professor
Evans at
        page 257.
   MR IRVING:  It was quite late when I did this translation
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  I am sure.  I am not forgetting that side
   A.   Yes, I have it.
   MR RAMPTON:  Page 4 of tab 5 my Lord.  It is leaded IfZ ED
   A.   Yes.
   MR IRVING:  If I had provided just the German to your
        you would have rightly reprimanded me.
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  The witness asked to see the German,
which is
        fair enough.  I am very happy with the translation.
   MR IRVING:  If the witness wishes to challenge the
        then of course he may.  "Without doubt Goebbels had
        biggest influence on AH"?
   A.   Can you direct me to where exactly it is?
   MR RAMPTON:  Page 5, last paragraph.
   MR IRVING:  I have translated only the passage dealing with
        events of that night.  "Without doubt Goebbels had the
        biggest influence on AH, far more so than Bormann, he
        invented the concept Fuhrer for AH and he hammered the

.          P-32

        Fuhrer principle into the people.  Goebbels always
        discussed his propaganda with Hitler, even during the
        war".  The part I am relying on is a sentence or two
        later: "It is a certainty that Goebbels ordained the
        Reichskristallnacht Sunday".
   A.   You skipped a bit.  All right, yes.
   Q.   "It is a certainty that Goebbels ordained the
        Reichskristallnacht Sunday with the SA command".  Of
        course it was not a Sunday, was it?  It was another
day of
        the week.  Then comes no doubt Schaub's own
        particular hobby horse.  He says, "The SS was innocent
        this, apart from a few lesser officers.  When AH
        on that Sunday of the anti-Semitic outrages, he was
        furious with Goebbels.  He made a frightful scene with
        Goebbels and told him that this kind of propaganda was
        just damaging".
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   Now, this is a source that you would disqualify for
        reason, or downgrade?
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   Would you disqualify it because of its content,
because it
        does not agree with your own views, or because of
        something about Schaub, or something about the
   A.   It is a number of different things.  I think he is
        making this up, basically.
   Q.   You think he is just making it up?

.          P-33

   A.   Indeed, yes.  There is an enormous amount of other
        evidence, contemporary evidence, and not much later
        evidence such as this, that most of what he says here
        not true, and that I go into in great length in my
   Q.   First of all, you do accept that this document is
        that this is a collection of papers given to me by the
        of Schaub Mr Roland Schaub, containing an odd
        of manuscripts and notes, articles, carbon copies and
   A.   Indeed. I describe it on footnote 54 of my page 257.
   Q.   You have actually had a look at the heap of papers,
   A.   Yes.  It is cited in the report on page 257.
   Q.   Yes, but the point I am looking at is of course that
        we have a man who was on Adolf Hitler's private staff,
        chief adjutant, and factotum, who says he was an
        eyewitness, or he reports to us that, when Hitler
        of the outrages, he was furious with Goebbels, he made
        frightful scene.  Should I have disregarded that
   A.   No.  You weigh it up against other evidence and
        Schaub's possible motives in writing this, and the
        that, as you say repeatedly, eyewitness testimony
        the war is less reliable than contemporary testimony.
        This is another example of your double standards,
        Mr Irving.

.          P-34

   Q.   Double standards?
   A.   Yes.  You are determined to give credence to this
        but you dismiss all reports of victims of the
Holocaust as
        being fabrications due to mass hysteria, as we heard
   Q.   Which of us has the double standard?  The person who
        pretends that this report and the contents that it
        contains should be in some way played down for no
        other than you do not like it?  You cannot give a real
        reason why.  You cannot say Schaub was a congenital
   A.   You have already said that he was wrong to say that it
        on a Sunday, Mr Irving.
   Q.   He got the wrong day of the week but this is a mistake
        of us can make.  No doubt it stuck in his mind.
   A.   Not if he is an utterly reliable eyewitness who has
        recall of what went on.  That alone I think should
        one to the fact that his memory is not particularly
        Then you yourself went on to discredit, or cast doubt
        his statement that the SS was completely without any
        guilt.  No doubt that is connected with the fact that
        Schaub himself was a senior officer in the SS.  This
is an
        extremely self serving document.  One has to regard it
        with the deepest suspicion and compare it with other
        documents, preferably contemporary ones dealing with
        same events.
   Q.   Do we have any contemporary records of what went on in

.          P-35

        Adolf Hitler's private residence, any contemporary
        whatsoever of went on in his private residence?
   A.   Not directly, no.
   Q.   So we are really then on our uppers, are we not?
   A.   We are comparing a lost of post war reminiscences and
        have to be very careful in treading through this
        particular minefield of documents.
   Q.   So ideally we want to have more than just one source
        says the same thing?
   A.   Whole range of sources, indeed.
   Q.   How many would you accept? Two sources?
   A.   I am not going to put a number on it, Mr Irving.
   Q.   But, if we have another source that says the same
        then we are getting convergences of evidence beginning
        kick in, are we?
   A.   Well, it is a problem with the evidence of Hitler's
        entourage, that they of course had a major incentive
        the war for trying to exculpate them for involvement
in a
        number of crimes such as the Reichskristallnacht.
        also seem to have been a fairly close knit group who
        the opportunity to discuss their line, as it were,
        themselves, so I think one has to be very cautious.
   Q.   Any common sense historian would adopt that line, that
        correct.  But, if we ignore for a moment the main
trend of
        these statements, and I am going to introduce another
        to you in a moment, and we look for the little bits of

.          P-36

        verisimilitude which tend to support the main trend,
        example he was livid with rage and he shouted at
        those kinds of things which appear to figure in
several of
        the statements or certainly more than one, then the
        convergence of evidence then becomes more convincing.
        Would you agree?
   A.   No, not necessarily.  This might have been a story
        cooked up.
   Q.   Can we now turn to a third witness?
   A.   The sentence you are relying on here claiming such a
        tremendous piece of evidence is-- I will quote it: "As
        on this Sunday" -- we know it was not a Sunday.
   Q.   Do you attach much important to the fact he got the
day of
        the week wrong?
   MR JUSTICE GRAY: I do not.
   A.   Yes.  It is pretty easy to remember.  "As AH heard on
        Sunday about the anti-Semitic excesses, he was angry
        Goebbels".  It does not seem to me to be very
   MR IRVING:  He was furious with Goebbels.  You are changing
   A.   It is angry, very angry, furious, yes.
   Q.   He made a frightful scene, did he not?
   A.   Yes.
   Q.   Told him that this kind of propaganda was just
   A.   Yes.  Mr Irving, I do not know how much detail I ought

.          P-37

        go into here, but there is an enormous amount of
        which is laid out in my report and which was gone over
        your cross-examination ----
   MR IRVING: But not of the events in your----
   MR JUSTICE GRAY:  Do not keep talking over the witness.
   A.   -- about Hitler's responsibilities for these events.
   MR IRVING:  We are not talking about that at this point.
   A.   You know that, and accepted that what Goebbels said in his
        speech to the party assembly at between about 10 o'clock
        at night on 9th November that (I quote) on Goebbels'
        briefing the Fuhrer has decided that such demonstrations
        should not be quelled.  That is contemporary evidence,
        Mr Irving.
   Q.   I really have to halt you here because this is a totally
        different matter.

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