Archive/File: people/i/irving.david/libel.suit/transcripts/day028.16 Last-Modified: 2000/07/25 MR IRVING: I only want to say one more thing in winding up. Am I right in saying the situation in Germany is far more sensitive than it is in other countries as a result of the Second World War and the Holocaust, the political situation is more sensitive, is it not? A. Because of several reasons, if I may answer that in that way? The main reason for the given period that is of interest with respect to the libel act is that at that period some groupings converted, and in the same period we . P-146 had converted, came nearer to each other, converged -- excuse me, I got it wrong yesterday, converged -- and this is especially the case for parts of the revisionist movement and parts of the neoNational Socialist movement and parts of the old traditional right-wing extremist movement, and this took place in a sensitive moment of history of postwar Germany in which the East German part has to be included, integrated, what-have-you, and in that period of time there was a lot of rage, a lot of vacuum of political order, so they could spread their influence, and because of that it was very sensitive, especially also to the authorities that were led at that time by the central, by the CDU FDP led government, and ---- Q. Now let me ask you this question ---- A. --- this is one dimension of the sensitivity. The other is, of course, you refer to the renewal, the necessity of the renewal, of the liberal democracy and the constitutional law system, after the total distortion of all the laws we had during the Nazi period. Q. Now, we did not have these problems in the non-Germany countries, did we? A. In the? Q. Outside Germany, we did not have these sensitive problems, did we? A. In different ways, of course, but not in that way. Q. Let me explain what I am getting at. . P-147 A. There is always a specific to it and this is the specificity with respect to Germany. Q. Would I be right, therefore, in saying that something described or defined as right-wing extremism in a sensitive country like Germany would merely be shrugged off in England and the United States where we are much more robust? A. I did not, I would not say this, because if you would have a situation, let us say, in a given country where within three years 70 people were murdered by right-wing extremists at their activities, then there would be a sensitive situation for any liberal democracy in the world, I think. Q. But we do not have that situation outside Germany, do we? We do not have that situation? A. We have that situation, yes, of course, in the course of this century, of course. Q. But not in England? In England we do not have -- if somebody is described as a right-wing extremist in Germany, it has a definite kind of echo or resonance. People are more likely to be described as right-wing extremists in Germany where the situation is so sensitive than in England or America where we do not have this sensitivity? A. I am not so, I have not the same expertise on the English situation, but what I know is that there were not 70 . P-148 people in the early '90s murdered, and the Libel Act is referring to the dangerousness of Holocaust deniers in a given moment of time in a given country. So in that sense it is specific, but it would have been also specific for a country that had this same amount of violence. Q. Thank you. No further questions. MR JUSTICE GRAY: Can I ask you one question before, if I may, Mr Rampton? It is about Thomas Dienel, because I do not remember any evidence about why you say there was an association between him and Mr Irving. Can you remember off the top of your head? A. Yes, just, please, I may remind you to the Halle event, where Thomas Dienel was one of the main organizer, aside from Christian Worch, this blond haired -- Q. Young -- A. -- middle aged, 40, let us say, young, person, who was on the podium and shouted after the -- so far as I recall, yes, after the end of the speech of David Irving, against, you know, criminal foreigners. Q. -- I know. Yes, thank you, I am afraid I had -- MR RAMPTON: I think he was there at least once. MR JUSTICE GRAY: Beginning and the end, I think. MR RAMPTON: Yes. A. He was before, also, if you look closely in end. Q. He spoke? A. He spoke before and after. . P-149 MR IRVING: Can I just ask two questions? MR JUSTICE GRAY: Of course, you can. MR IRVING: That is your only evidence for Mr Dienel being involved in organizing the Halle function, is it not, that he was there and that he spoke; do you have any documentary evidence? Did he sign any posters or anything? A. How was it to be signed? It was said in the letters that went around to prepare this and to organize this meeting that Dienel was the core organizer, yes. Q. Which letters are these? A. We have to look in my report, it is stated there. Q. Were any of these letters sent to me before the meeting? A. No, I said it yesterday already that you got the invitation by Uschi Worch. Q. On the evening before? A. Yes. This is clear because you had, according to your diary, the idea to go to a different place. Q. And you accept that none of the video footage we saw, none of the visual material that we saw shows me at any time together with Mr Dienel? A. I mean -- Q. Yes or no? A. -- the video did not show you. It did not show that, because Dienel went downstage just so far as the video is concerned, when you went up, but you have heard him, I am . P-150 sure, because you could not leave the scene without air flight as quick as he started his speech. MR JUSTICE GRAY: Mr Irving, so I am clear what your case is, you are putting to this witness that the only connection with Dienel is that one meeting at Halle and you have no idea he was going to be there, and otherwise you have never had any dealings with him face to face, or in writing or anything of that kind? MR IRVING: Very definitely, my Lord, and in this case your Lordship will see my reaction yesterday, I was totally astonished at any suggestion to the opposite. THE WITNESS: Yes, I believe that. MR IRVING: I think it is similar to the Thistle case (?) because I am in the same city, on the same day therefore I must have known them, shaken hands and given them a bear hug. MR JUSTICE GRAY: That is very clear, thank you. MR RAMPTON: Yes, in fact the correct running order was, my Lord, Worch introduces Irving, Irving mounts the podium and join Dienel and Worch, speaks for a page. Worch then speaks for quarter a page and introduces Dienel, who then does his bit. MR IRVING: We might have to see that video again. MR RAMPTON: I am sure we shall have to see to again, no question. I shall show it again in closing this case. (Re-examined by MR RAMPTON Q.C.) . P-151 Can I ask you to expand on some of the last evidence you gave, Professor Funke, can I put my question in this way. You have spoken of the danger of right-wing, extreme, or neo-fascist, neo-Nazi rabble rousers going and speaking in some areas of Germany, particularly those that have a sensitive economic and social context, like former East Germany. If I am a rabble rouser, and I go to a poor district of a place like Halle, and I address an audience of skinheads, let us say, or partly of skinheads, on, for example, I am not saying this happened on this occasion, Holocaust denial, anti-Semitism; does that have any impact, in your judgment, from your knowledge of this area of life in Germany? Does that have any forward impact on attitudes generally towards, for example, auslander? A. There are insider reports from people who were in this scene and then left the scene that showed very decisively exactly that, that they need a kind of encouragement, if I may say so, to this direction, and that they have to encourage each other, to do the deeds they are doing there. Q. We can be fairly banal, trite about this, can we not, would you describe Hitler or Goebbels as rabble rousers when they spoke? A. Yes. Q. So far as you know, did they ever wield a club or a gun themselves? . P-152 A. No, they wore nice clothes, for example. Sometimes they also appeared in various kinds of Nazi, like Nazis uniforms, so it depends on the occasion. Q. But they did not stand on the edge of pits in the East and machine gun Jews, did they, Hitler and Goebbels themselves? A. Can you translate that. MR JUSTICE GRAY: I think there was a misunderstanding. You asked about clubs or guns and you got an answer about clothing. MR RAMPTON: I think it was an answer, yes, they had nice uniforms, but, no, they did not shoot people. MR JUSTICE GRAY: It could have been an answer. MR RAMPTON: Is that right? A. Say it again. MR RAMPTON: Yes, they had nice uniforms, but, no, they did not shoot people? A. No, not in this period, in this stagings, of course, not. Q. I mean themselves personally? They shot themselves at the end, I know that? A. So far we know not. Q. So far as we know. A. Right. Q. Can we go back a bit, please, and do you have your report there? I want to deal, if I may, with Mr Irving's repeated suggestion that he has never spoken of the . P-153 non-existence of gas chambers except in terms of Auschwitz, and Auschwitz alone. So I would like you to look at some material. At the top of page 55 you quote in English from an interview with Mr Irving reported in a magazine called Code for December 1989, yes? A. Yes. Q. I think we find that article in H5.1(i) if you like at page 324? MR JUSTICE GRAY: This is the one we looked at before. MR RAMPTON: Yes, but I want to ask about a different part. A. H5 and then? Q. H5(i). A. OK. Q. I would like you to look at the bottom of the first column, page 324, sorry, you are quite right. A. Yes. Q. 54 of the actual magazine. A. Yes. Q. You have got it. Under the heading (German spoken) yes? A. Yes. Q. Excuse my German. Now, could you just read to yourself, not out loud, from "journalist" down to the end of first quote for Mr Irving? A. OK. Q. Again, with the word (German spoken) and tell us what it means. . P-154 A. The journalist refers to eyewitnesses, that especially in the last days of war there should have been the gassing very intense before the liberation of the camp. Irving answers according to the official version of history, in October 1944, the gassing ended and then he adds: But why scientific researches are not taken into account of "laborisgeschaft" (?). MR IRVING: Forensic? A. Forensic, right, and then the next sentence is: The result of this forensic research is clear. There were no mass -- MR RAMPTON: Killings? A. -- killings by poison gas. Q. Thank you. You take that to be a general statement or specific to Auschwitz? A. This is related, so far I gather it, to the forensic researches, but the sentence itself says as (German spoken), there were no mass killings by poison gas. Q. So it might be related to the forensic, so-called forensic examinations, done by Professor Leuchter at Auschwitz might it, do you think? A. Yes. Q. Yes, thank you. Now I want you to look at another one. Pages 63 to 64. A. Of my report? Q. Yes, please. This recites as we realized as we were going through it, paragraph 5.3.13. . P-155 A. Yes. Q. Recites something that Mr Irving said at a place called Moers; where is Moers? A. It is in the western part of Germany. Q. On 9th March 1990, could the witness see, well, let me please just first read how you translate it at the bottom of page 63 and the top of page 64. There is a reference to Auschwitz, Mr Irving says: But the dummies are still standing in Auschwitz because the German government has no sway there and understandably that is a problem for you, that you have a government in Bonn that allows its own people to be defamed by all countries of the world, although in the meantime it has cried out that these things in Auschwitz and probably in Mydanik, Treblinka and in other so-called extermination camps in the East are all dummies"; who made that translation? Who made that translation? The German is at the bottom of the page, footnote 229, do you know who made that translation? A. No. Q. Well, can you look at the German at the bottom of the page in footnote 229. It is a video cassette. A. Yes, video cassette, 187, David Irving in Moers. Q. There cannot be any dispute about the German unless it has been mistranscribed. The sentence begins (German spoken) have you got that in a footnote? A. Yes. . P-156 Q. Can you read the German, please, to yourself? A. Yes. Q. To the end of sentence. A. Yes.
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