The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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Although space will not permit a detailed analysis
of the operation of the various psyqhological streams we have
enumerated, in the determination of his everyday behavior, a
few have aroused sufficient speculation to warrant a place
in our study. One of the outstanding of these is his rages.
Most writers have regarded these as temper-tantrums, his
reaction to minor frustrations and deprivations. On the surface 
they appear to be of this nature and yet, when we study his 
behavior carefully, we find that when he is confronted by a 
real frustration or deprivation, such as failure to be elected 
to the Presidency or being refused [00010239.GIF Page 233]
the Chancellorship, his behvaior is exactly the opposite. He is very 
cool and quiet. He is disappointed but not enraged. Instead of carrying 
on like a spoiled child, he begins immediately to lay plans for a new 
assault. Heiden, his biographer, describes his characteristic pattern 
as follows:

"When others after a defeat would have gone home despondently, 
consoling themselves with the philosophic reflection that it was 
no use contending against adverse circumstances, Hitler delivered a 
second and a third assault with sullen defiance. When others after a 
success would have become more cautious, because they would not 
dare put fortune to the proof too often and perhaps exhaust it, Hitler 
persisted and staked a bigger claim on Destiny with every throw."

This does not sound like a person who would fly into a rage at a trifle.

Nevertheless, we know that he does fly into these rages and launches 
into tirades on very slight provocation. If we examine the causes of 
these outbursts, we almost invariably find that the trigger which 
sets them off is something which he considers to be a challenge of 
his super-man personality. It may be a contradiction, a criticism 
or even a doubt concerning the truth or wisdom of something he 
has said or done, or it might be a slight or the anticipation of 
opposition. Even though the subject may be trifling or the challenge 
only by implication, or even wholly imagined, he feels called upon 
to display his primitive character. Francois-Poncet has also 
detected and described this reaction. He writes:

"Those who surround him are the first to admit that he now think 
himself infallible [00010240.GIF Page 234] and invincible. That 
explains why he can no longer bear either criticism or contradiction. 
To contradict him is in his eyes a crime of 'lese-majeste'; opposition 
to his plans, from whatever it may come, is a definite sacrilege, 
to which the only reply is an immediate and striking display of his 

As soon as his display has served its purpose and cowed his listeners 
into submission, it is turned off as suddenly as it was turned on. 
How great is the insecurity which demands such constant vigilence 
and apprehension!

Fear of domination.

We find this same insecurity at work when he is meeting new 
people and particularly those to whom he secretly feels inferior 
in some way. Earlier in our study we had occasion to point out 
that his eyes had taken over a diffuse sexual function. When he 
first meets the person he fixates him with his eyes as though to 
bore through the other person. There is a peculiar glint in them on 
these occasions which may have been interpreted as an hypnotic 
quality. To be sure, he uses them in such a way and tries to over-power 
the other person with them. If he turns his eyes away, Hitler 
keeps them fixed directly on him or her but if the other person 
returns this gaze Hitler turns his away and looks up at the ceiling 
as long as the interview continues. It is as though he were mtching 
his power against theirs. If he success in overpowering the other 
person, he rudely follows up his advantage. If, however, the other 
person refuses to succumb to his glance, he avoids the possibility 
of succumbing [00010241.GIF Page 235]
to theirs. Likewise, he is unable to match wits with another person 
in a straightforward argument. He will express his opinion at length 
but will not defend it on logical grounds. Strasser says:

"He is afraid of logic. Like a woman he evades the issue and ends by 
throwing in your face an argument entirely remote from what you 
were talking about."

We might suspect that even on this territory he cannot expose himself 
to a possible defeat which would mar the image he has of himself. 
He is, in fact, unable to face real opposition on any ground. He cannot 
speak to a group in which he senses opposition but walks out on his 
audience. He has run out of meetings with Ludendorff, Gregor Strasser, 
Bavarian Industrialists, and many others, because he could not risk 
the possibility of appearing in an inferior light or expose himself to 
a possible domination by another person. There is reason to suppose 
that his procrastination is not so much a matter of laziness as it 
is a fear of coming to grips with a difficult problem. Consequently, 
he avoids it as long as possible and it is only whe! the situation has 
become dangerous and disaster lies ahead that his "inner voice" or 
intuition communicates with him and tells him what course he should 
follow. Most of his thinking is carried on subconsciously which 
probably accounts for his ability to penetrate difficult problems 
and time his moves. Psychological experiments in this field seem 
to indicate that on this level the individual is often able to
[00010242.GIF Page 236]
solve very complex problems which are impossible him on the level of consciousness. Whenever we turn in studying Hitler's behavior patterns we find the spectre of possible defeat and humiliation as one of his dominant motivations.


His passion for constructing huge buildings, stadia,
bridges, roads, etc., can only be interpreted as attempts to
compensate fbr his lack of confidence. These are tangible 
proofs of his greatness which are designed to impress 
himself as well as others. Just as he must be the greatest 
man in all the world, so he has a tendency to build the 
greatest and biggest of everything. Most of the structures 
he has erected he regards as temporary buildings. They are, 
to his way of thinking, on a par with ordinary mortals. 
The permanent buildings he plans to construct later on. 
They will be much larger and grander and will be designed 
to last at least a thousand years. In other words, these are 
befitting monuments to himself who plans on ruling the 
German people for that period of time through his new view 
of life.

It is also interesting to note the frequency with which he 
uses gigantic pillars in all his buildings. Most of the buildings 
are almost surrounded by them and he places
them in every conceivable place. Since pillars of this sort
are almost universally considered to be phallic symbols, we
may regard the size and frequency as unconscious attempts 
to compensate for his own impotence. His huge pageants serve 
a similar purpose.

[00010243.GIF Page 237]


No study oh Hitler would be complete without mentioning his 
oratory talents. His extraordinary gift for swaying large audiences 
has contributed, perhaps more than any other single factor, to his 
success and the rartial realization of his ideal. In order to 
understand the power of his appeal, we must be cognizant of 
the fact that for him the masses are fundamentally feminine 
in character. To Hanfstaengl and other informations he has 
frequently said, "Die Masse ist ein Weib", and in MEIN KAMPF 
he writes:

"The people, in an overwhelming majority, are so feminine in 
their nature and attitude that their activities and thoughts are 
motivated less by sober consideration than by feeling and sentiment."

In other words, his uconscious frame of reference, when 
addressing a huge audience, is fundamentally that of talking to a woman.

In spite of this, his insecurities assert themselves. He never is 
the first speaker on the program. He must always have a speaker 
precede him who warms up the audience for him. Even then he is 
nervous and jittery when he gets up to speak. Frequently he has 
difficulty in finding words with which to begin. He is trying to 
get the "feel" of the audience. If it "feels"' favorable, he starts 
in a rather cautious manner. His tone of voice is quite normal 
and he heals [sic] with his material in a fairly objective manner. 
But as he proceeds [00010244.GIF Page 238]
his voice begins to rise and his tempo increases. If the response of 
the audience is good, his voice becomes louder and louder and the 
tempo faster and faster. By this time all objectivity has disappeared 
and passion has taken complete possession of him. The mouth which 
can never utter a fragment of profanity off the speaker's platform 
now pours forth a veritable stream of curses, foul names, vilification  
and hatred. Hafstaengl compaes the development of a Hitlerian speech 
with the development of a Wagnerian theme which may account for 
Hitler's love of Wagnerian music and the inspiration he derives from it.

This steady stream of filth continues to pour forth
until both he and the audisnce are in a frenzy. When he stops 
he is on the verge of exhaustion. His breathing is heavy and 
uncontrolled and he is wringing wet with perspiration. Many 
writers have commented on the sexual components in his 
speaking and some have described the climax as a veritable 
orgasm. Heyst writes:

"In his speeches we hear the suppressed voice of passion 
and wooing which is taken from the language of love; he 
utters a cry of hate and voluptousness, a spasm of violence 
and cruelty. All those tones and sounds are taken from the 
back-streets of the instincts; they remind us of dark impulses 
repressed too long."

And Hitler himself says:

"Passion alone will give to him, who is chosen by her, 
the words that, like beats of a hammer, are able to open 
the doors to the heart of a people."

[00010245.GIF Page 239]

Undoubtedly, he uses speaking as a means of talking himself 
into the super-man role and of living out the role of "Identification 
with the Agressor". He carefully builds up imposing enemies - Jews, 
Bolsheviks, capitalists, democracies, etc., in order to demolish 
them without mercy (these are all inventions of the Jews to his 
way of thinking and consequently in attacking any one of them he 
is fundamentally attacking the Jews). Under these circumstances. 
He appears to the naive and unsophisticated listener as the Great 
Redeemer of Germany.

But that is only one side of the picture. On the other side we have 
the sexual attack which, in his case, is of a perverse nature. It 
finds expression in his speaking but due to the transformation of 
character everything appears in reverse. The steady stream of 
filth he pours on the heads of his "feminine" audience is the reverse 
of his masochistic perversion which finds gratification in having 
women pour their "filth" on him.  Even the functions of the physical 
organs is reversed. The mouth which, under ordinary circumstances, 
is an organ of injection and is surrounded with inhibitions and 
prohibitions, now becomes the organ through which filth is ejected. 
Hitler's speaking has been aptly described as a "verbal diarrhea". 
Rauschning describes it as an oral enema. It is probably this 
unconscious sexual element in his speaking which holds such a 
fascination for many people.

[00010246.GIF Page 240]

His appeal.

A word may be added in connection with the content of his speeches. 
Strasser sums it up very concisely when he says:

"Hitler responds to the vibrations of the human heart with the delicacy of a seismograph...enabling him, with a certainty with which no conscious 
gift could endow him, to act as a loudspeaker proclaiming the most 
secret desires, the least permissible instincts, the sufferings and 
personal revolts of a whole nation."

We are now in a position to understand how this is possible
for him. In regarding his audience as fundamentally feminine
in character, his appeal is directed at a repressed part of 
their personalities. In many of the German people there 
seems to be a strong feminine-masochistic tendency 
which is usually covered over by more "virile'" characteristics 
but which finds partial gratification in submissive behavior, 
discipline, sacrifice, etc. Nevertheless, it does seem to disturb 
them and they try to compensate for it by going to the other 
extreme of courage, pugnaciousness, determination, etc. Most 
Germans are unaware of this hidden part of their personalities 
and would deny its existence vehemently if such an insinuation 
is made. Hitler, however, appeals to it directly and he is in an 
excellent position to know what goes on in that region because 
in  him this side of personality was not only conscious but 
dominant throughout his earlier life.

[00010247.GIF Page 241]

Furthermore, these tendencies were far more intense in him
than in the average person and he had a better opportunity of 
observing their operation. In addressing an audience in this 
way he need only dwell on the longings, ambitions, hopes and 
desires of his earlier life in order to awaken these hidden 
tendencies in his listeners. This he does with inordinate skill. 
In this way he is able to arouse the same attitudes and emotions 
in his listeners that he himself now experiences in connection 
with this type of adjustment, and is able to direct these into 
the same channels that he has found useful. Thus he is able to 
win them to his new view of life which sets a premium on 
brutality, ruthlessness, dominance, determination, etc., and 
which frowns upon all the established human qualities. The 
key throughout will be to strive to be what you are not and 
to do your best to exterminate that which you are. The behavior 
of the German armies has been an outstanding manifestation of 
this contradiction. To the psychologist it seems as though the 
brutality expressed towards the people of the , occupied countries 
is motivated not only by a desire to prove to themselves that 
they are what they are not, but also by, a vicarious masochistic 
gratification which they derive from an identification with their 
victims. On the whole, one could say of many of the German troops 
what Rauschning said of Hitler:

[00010248.GIF Page 242]

"...there lies behind Hitler's emphasis on brutality and 
ruthlessness the desolation of a forced and artificual 
inhumanity, not the amorality of the genuine brute, 
which has after all something of the power of a natural force."

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