00011050.gif page 27 Oechsner, Frederick: This is the enemy. 1942 Following his "renunciation" of marriage to Eva, Hitler began to be openly attracted by other young women, especially dancers, and brought one young American girl, duly chaperoned, all the way across Europe from the Riviera in a special airplane to perform at a Munich theater. He sent a German dancer a large spray of orchids. During 1939 I heard occasional "hush-hush" stories that Hitler had young women, three or four at a time, to dance for him in very sparse attire at Berchtesgaden. His fascination at these times seems to have been partly outright erotic, partly the "It's the art of the thing that interests me" rationalization. At Christmas, 1940, Hitler sent ten pounds of coffee to a number of young actresses with a smirking little note that "in view of the scarcity of this commodity" (it cost forty dollars a pound on the black market) the young lady might be willing to accept this "modest quantity." Fraulein Braun was not unaware of, or unaffected by, these digressions on the part of her middle-aged admirer, and the faint echo of jealous scenes reached even my foreign ears. In fact it was at this time that Eva once again tried the suicide technique. But Hitler did not even learn of this second attempt until several weeks later, for his ultraconsiderate [unreadable] did not dare broach such disturbing matters at a time when he was busy politically reshaping the world. Eva's head wound received the most expert medical attention and healed in good order. From what opportunity I have had to view Hitler in social surroundings, I should say that his external adjustment to women is good. He is poised, animated, polite and his parties, insofar as they were not outright official functions and littered with portly diplomatic wives, were always adorned with a liberal sprinkling of good-looking young movie and stage actresses, dancers and singers. And some of these were usually to be seen at his table. He cultivated a gallant memory for names and faces and always in social life kissed the hands of women who were introduced to him. I remember an interesting incident, that concerns Dorothea [unreadable], a beautiful German actress, who had gone to and returned from Hollywood after making a tremendous success as the teacher in the German film "Maedchen in Uniform." Fresh from Hollywood she attended a large formal reception at the Propaganda Ministry, replete (as was possible in those prewar days) with fine wines and a wonderful buffet. My wife and I were talking with Frau [unreadable] about America when a sudden hush fell on the large room. Hitler was due to appear. Frau [unreadable] had never met Der Fuehrer but confessed herself excited at the prospect. The double doors at the end of the room were flung open and Hitler, as he and his imitators like Ribbentrop always do (and as any ham actor, in fact, does on an entrance), paused a moment on the threshold before starting down the aisle which the group had made for him. Oechsner, Frederick:This is the enemy.1942. pp. 109..110.111. 00011051.gif page 28 Obviously enjoying his triumphal progress, completely posed and aware of the theatrical suspense, Hitler walked slowly down the lane, bowing formally to his right and to his left. He was followed by his aides in uniform, he and they raising their hands in the familiar Nazi salute which, if not too jerkily done and combined with a slight inclination of the head, can look like the benediction of a [unreadable] prelate. Dorothea [unreadable] was not among the women, who despite full decollete, inconspicuously returned this military salute, but as Hitler drew up to the position where we stood, he paused dramatically, gave a more than usually deep inclination of his head, and said, "Good evening, Frau [unreadable]." It was of course a tribute and a compliment, and even more of the latter when Hitler's adjutant came to her and requested her to join Der Fuehrer at his supper table, where a group composed largely of film people had already taken their places. With every opportunity for romantic conquest at his command, Hitler seems only with Eva Braun to have overcome his noticeable shyness about making more than casual advances to women. Whatever the character of his relations with her may have been, medical opinion is that Hitler has always retained a strong component of homosexuality in his nature. Evidence of this is given in the statement that by some subconscious impulse he almost invariably injects into private conversations some homosexual theme. This may consist merely of an apparently innocent question or observation, which to the initiated, however, betrays a constant preoccupation with the subject. But normal or abnormal in his emotional life, Adolf Hitler is growing older and he knows that some day he must die. In a number of his recent speeches he has, in fact, intimated this acceptance of the prospect of death, something which he never did in earlier years, and it is noticeable that his references to Providence have become more frequent. Perhaps as a suicide, or after the mental crash which has been predicted for him, or in some other form of violent end. Doubtless there have been attempts upon his life, certainly there have been rumors of such, though Secret Police vigilance hushed all details. However his death may come, he is determined that the name and face and symbolism of Adolf Hitler shall be perpetuated in school books and history books, in scientific treatises and in the homes of succeeding generations. His political testament, reposing in the Kehlstein, provides for the manner of his burial. He has also taken care that future. Germans shall have a picture to remember him by in the proper heroic setting. It is a portrait he commissioned the artist Fidus to do of him which is to be the of- Oechsner,Frederick: This is the enemy. 1942. 111.112. 00011052.gif page 29 official commemorative Hitler picture in every home, school and public building in the Reich. This work shows Hitler standing on a hillock, with the sunlight forming a halo round his head. He is in simple brown uniform with a cape romantically thrown across his shoulder and his collar turned up at the back of his neck in Heinrich Hoffmann's best manner. Beneath him stand men in the uniform of all the political and military units of the Third Reich, gazing up at him adoringly. This Hitler's [unreadable]. Another mechanism in the commemoration of Hitler is to be the "Guards Regiment [rest of paragraph unreadable] Also included in his testament is Hitler's order that upon his death his brain shall be dissected. All preparations have been made for this in a special laboratory in ... Berlin. This brain dissection .. is a literal mania of Hitler's. In fact, some people who know of it fear that it has already led to the [unreadable] of particular "subjects" for the sole purpose of studying their brains. It is known, moreover, among his intimates that Hitler wants a law empowering a special commission to appropriate the brain of anybody who, the commission judges a desirable subject for dissection after death. Hitler's mania is apparently a feature of his development of an eventual superman out of the German Herrenvolk. Another modest contribution which Der Fuehrer has made to this study is the perpetuation in a 130-page typewritten report of all the details of his own skull and facial structure. It was on a February day in 1937, that a handful of solemn men gathered in the from parlor of Hitler's apartment on the Prinzregenten Platz in Munich. Hitler, as his library shows, was interested in the science of craniology and the study of phrenology. He considered his own measurements to be of sufficient importance to posterity to summon a commission of scientific men, under the chairmanship of the internationally famous surgeon, Professor Ferdinand Sauerbruck, to take precise measurements of his head and face. The experts, who included specialists in craniology and phrenology, brought tape measures and calipers large and small. They measured the [unreadable] of Hitler's skull above the ears, from forehead to vertebrae, from jaw to jaw, from chin to forehead, from eye socket to eye socket, from nose to chin, and so on ad infinitum. Some of the more mature members of the commission were a little embarrassed (and later a little ironic) by Hitler's almost childish enchantment with the proceedings, but others were typical Nazi sycophants and made the appropriate remarks. No sooner would a certain dimension be made and recorded than one of these men would exclaim: "Just like Napoleon's!" or "Nothing like it since Frederick the Great!" Hitler, solemn as a judge, completely mis- Oechsner,Frederick: This is the enemy. 1942. pp. 112.113.114. 00011053.gif page 30 sed either the irony or the hypocrisy, and ordered happily: "Yes, yes! Put it all down" The report today is a valued item in Hitler's personal library, and at least one of the younger members of the commission whom I know of has received official advancement beyond his dreams. Another [unreadable] of Hitler's race purification dream (in addition to already accomplished mass sterilizations and national dietary programs) is the activity of the so-called "Euthanasia Commission" [unreadable] When it was created, by Rudolph Hess and the Nazi official, Philip [unreadable]. Up to the summer of 1941, when I got my last figures, the commission has destroyed 33,000 persons in Germany for various reasons of physical or mental disability..... ... It has been pointed out to Hitler that his resolve to free the Reich of the need of insane asylums within twenty years, largely through sterilization and euthanasia, would put into the hands of unscrupulous, physicians or lawyers the power arbitrarily to get rid of people in whose debts their clients might have an interest; but he has been adamant. It is Hitler's stipulation that no wearer of the Golden Party Badge or the Blood Order .... shall be destroyed by euthanasia under any circumstances. The case of an ordinary member of the Party whose destruction was recommended by the commission must be referred to the Reich Party headquarters. One application of euthanasia which has had a strong psychological effect in wartime Germany is the killing of hopelessly wounded soldiers, against which the bishop of Munster, Count von Galen, protested and warned in a by now famous telegram to Hitler. Oechsner, Frederick. This is the enemy.1942.p.114.115. A book had been published in France by a certain high Army officer detailing what he considered to be faults of the Maginot Line's construction... one copy of it fell into German hands in Paris, whence it was immediately dispatched to the War Ministry in Berlin. It was shown to Hitler, who, realizing its importance to Germany, immediately had it translated verbatim into German. When the translation was delivered to Hitler he read it through without stopping, making voluminous notes. After a brief interval for digestion and reflection, Hitler sat down and dictated an exhaustive report on the book, which came to be the basis of the whole plan of Germany's own opposing line of fortifications, the West Wall. "Not only did Hitler maintain an over-all supervision of the Wall's construction," said my General Staff Oechsner, Frederick. This is the enemy.1942.p.117.117. 00011054.gif page 31 informant in awe. "but he even sketched the design personally of some of the pillboxes down to the smallest detail, such as the thickness of the walls or the placement of the gun slits. Corroboration that Hitler had taken this strong personal interest in the construction of the fortifications was given me by the engineer who built it, Dr. Fritz Todt, next whom I sat at luncheon in the spring of 1939... ...After every tour of it Hitler ordered new pillboxes to be constructed... ...Hitler's interest in military matters down to the smallest detail cannot be doubted...he was always in direct contact with the problem of operations, visiting proving grounds, airfields and barracks and holding frequent conferences with his Chiefs of Staff even long before he went into war. I think all the claims by Goering and others that Hitler possesses an innate genius for military matters are exaggerated. I think that through reading and discussion he has developed a thorough knowledge of tactics and a sense of strategy. His naturally acute ability to sift and coordinate facts enables him then to take what his generals tell him, combine with it, or relate to it, his own acquired knowledge on the subject, weigh it all in the light of what he knows of the [unreadable] and then produce a synopsis which is pretty apt to be the right answer... ...Hitler has always made it a practice not only to meet his officers but to know them.. Oechsner, Frederick: This is the enemy.1942. pp.118.119.120. In his role of War Lord, Hitler spends his entire time during a campaign at his so-called Fuehrerhauptquartier ... He reserves to himself the big decisions about consultation... .... From his Fuehrerhauptquartier also he conducts the broad lines of foreign policy with von Ribbentrop. Oechsner,Frederick:This is the enemy . 1942. pp. 124.125. At the end of July, 1941, ... Hitler received a commission of prominent dietitians who, upon Oechsner, Frederick: This is the enemy. 1942. p.126 00011055.gif [Page 32] his orders and [unreadable] researches is new concentrated foods, particularly those which were suitable for use by the German troops in the winter months in Russia, and especially fish concentrates, milk derivatives and fruit preparations. Professor Sauerbruck has been charged with the working out of an injection which was to help the troops stand the Soviet winter. In fact, according to those close to him, practically the whole of Hitler's interest towards the late summer and early autumn of 1941, insofar as he was not occupied with immediate military matters, was in figuring out how to winter his troops in Russia.... ...Even shortly after the beginning of the invasion of Russia, Hitler was reported by persons who saw him to have grown extremely serious of expression and as showing signs of unusual sensitivity... It was at this time that Hitler began using sleeping sedatives, so that even his doctors cautioned him about them. The coldness of the nights, too, made him resort to an occasional hot grog, something unheard of in earlier days. I myself saw him twice at fairly close range in these months. His color was not good, his eyes had more than their usual sharp, glaring, not quite normal stare. He fidgeted in his chair, peered up at the ceiling, seemed to look through people near him. But, as always, when the moment came for him to assert his personality and his dominance, to say a few words, he was in absolute command of himself, poised, assured, hard acting Der Fuehrer as if born to the title. Oechsner,Frederick:This is the enemy . 1942. pp. 126.127. In conversation with the Italian Ambassador at an official reception in Berlin in the year 1935, Hitler stated that, in a decade there would be no more Jews in Germany. "You mean in the trades and professions, I presume, Herr Reichskanzler?" the Ambassador asked. "Not only that; not on the streets either," Hitler replied emphatically. The Ambassador was skeptical. "Why, you can't build concentration camps large enough to accommodate all of Germany's Jews," he rejoined. "What do you propose to do with them?" Hitler declined to go into detail: with his jaws Oechsner,Frederick:This is the enemy . 1942. p. 128. 00011056.gif [Page 33] clamped tight he looked straight at the Ambassador, saying, "All right, Herr [unreadable], but I tell you: in ten years they will be gone." .... .....Hitler's attitude toward the Jews ... is dictated by a [unreadable] of hatred difficult to gauge. A well-known German physician described it as "a primitive hate, typical of half-civilized or even uncivilized persons." It led Hitler to exclaim passionately one day: "I regret that I am Chancellor of the Reich. I would like to be a young S.A. or S.S. man and be able to meet the Jews with doubled-up fists or bludgeon. The outspoken General Werner von Fritsch ... pointed out...that Frederick the Great had approved of his officers' marrying Jewesses. " because their families not only gained not only money but brains." Hitler, who had sauntered up to join the group, heard the tail end of Fritsch's remarks, looked at him coldly, and without a word turned and left. On another occasion, upon the suggestion of the well-known Zeppelin expert Dr. Echener, Goering interceded with Hitler on behalf of certain Jews. Hitler's reaction was a violent refusal, and from that day forward he forbade anyone to speak in his presence of a "decent Jew." .... Der Fuehrer is himself always quickened in his Anti-Jewish feelings by contact with the notorious Julius Streicher. It is often noticeable that after Hitler has been with Stretcher for a time he is apt to come out with some new anti-Jewish measure or speech. Oechsner,Frederick:This is the enemy . 1942. pp. 128.129.
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