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Oechsner, Frederick: This is the enemy. 1942

Following his "renunciation" of marriage to Eva, Hitler began to be openly 
attracted by other young women, especially dancers, and brought one young 
American girl, duly chaperoned, all the way across Europe from the Riviera 
in a special airplane to perform at a Munich theater. He sent a German 
dancer a large spray of orchids. During 1939 I heard occasional 
"hush-hush" stories that Hitler had young women, three or four at a time, 
to dance for him in very sparse attire at Berchtesgaden. His fascination 
at these times seems to have been partly outright erotic, partly the "It's 
the art of the thing that interests me" rationalization. At Christmas, 
1940, Hitler sent ten pounds of coffee to a number of young actresses 
with a smirking little note that "in view of the scarcity of this 
commodity" (it cost forty dollars a pound on the black market) the young 
lady might be willing to accept this "modest quantity."

Fraulein Braun was not unaware of, or unaffected by, these digressions on 
the part of her middle-aged admirer, and the faint echo of jealous scenes 
reached even my foreign ears. In fact it was at this time that Eva once 
again tried the suicide technique. But Hitler did not even learn of this 
second attempt until several weeks later, for his ultraconsiderate 
[unreadable] did not dare broach such disturbing matters at a time when 
he was busy politically reshaping the world. Eva's head wound received 
the most expert medical attention and healed in good order.

From what opportunity I have had to view Hitler in social surroundings, 
I should say that his external adjustment to women is good. He is poised, 
animated, polite and his parties, insofar as they were not outright 
official functions and littered with portly diplomatic wives, were 
always adorned with a liberal sprinkling of good-looking young movie and 
stage actresses, dancers and singers. And some of these were usually to 
be seen at his table. He cultivated a gallant memory for names and faces 
and always in social life kissed the hands of women who were introduced to him.

I remember an interesting incident, that concerns Dorothea [unreadable], a 
beautiful German actress, who had gone to and returned from Hollywood after 
making a tremendous success as the teacher in the German film "Maedchen in 
Uniform." Fresh from Hollywood she attended a large formal reception at the 
Propaganda Ministry, replete (as was possible in those prewar days) with 
fine wines and a wonderful buffet. My wife and I were talking with Frau 
[unreadable] about America when a sudden hush fell on the large room. 
Hitler was due to appear. Frau [unreadable] had never met Der Fuehrer but 
confessed herself excited at the prospect. The double doors at the end of 
the room were flung open and Hitler, as he and his imitators like 
Ribbentrop always do (and as any ham actor, in fact, does on an entrance), 
paused a moment on the threshold before starting down the aisle which the 
group had made for him.

Oechsner, Frederick:This is the enemy.1942. pp. 109..110.111.

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Obviously enjoying his triumphal progress, completely posed and aware of 
the theatrical suspense, Hitler walked slowly down the lane, bowing 
formally to his right and to his left. He was followed by his aides in 
uniform, he and they raising their hands in the familiar Nazi salute 
which, if not too jerkily done and combined with a slight inclination of 
the head, can look like the benediction of a [unreadable] prelate. Dorothea 
[unreadable] was not among the women, who despite full decollete, 
inconspicuously returned this military salute, but as Hitler drew up to 
the position where we stood, he paused dramatically, gave a more than 
usually deep inclination of his head, and said, "Good evening, Frau 
[unreadable]." It was of course a tribute and a compliment, and even more 
of the latter when Hitler's adjutant came to her and requested her to join 
Der Fuehrer at his supper table, where a group composed largely of film 
people had already taken their places.

With every opportunity for romantic conquest at his command, Hitler seems 
only with Eva Braun to have overcome his noticeable shyness about making 
more than casual advances to women. Whatever the character of his 
relations with her may have been, medical opinion is that Hitler has 
always retained a strong component of homosexuality in his nature. 
Evidence of this is given in the statement that by some subconscious 
impulse he almost invariably injects into private conversations some 
homosexual theme. This may consist merely of an apparently innocent question 
or observation, which to the initiated, however, betrays a constant 
preoccupation with the subject.

But normal or abnormal in his emotional life, Adolf Hitler is growing older 
and he knows that some day he must die. In a  number of his recent speeches 
he has, in fact, intimated this acceptance of the prospect of death, 
something which he never did in earlier years, and it is noticeable that 
his references to Providence have become more frequent. Perhaps as a suicide, 
or after the mental crash which has been predicted for him, or in some other 
form of violent end. Doubtless there have been attempts upon his life, 
certainly there have been rumors of such, though Secret Police vigilance 
hushed all details.

However his death may come, he is determined that the name and face and 
symbolism of Adolf Hitler shall be perpetuated in school books and history 
books, in scientific treatises and in the homes of succeeding generations. 
His political testament, reposing in the Kehlstein, provides for the 
manner of his burial. He has also taken care that future. Germans shall 
have a picture to remember him by in the proper heroic setting. It is a 
portrait he commissioned the artist Fidus to do of him which is to be the 
of-

Oechsner,Frederick: This is the enemy. 1942. 111.112.

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official commemorative Hitler picture in every home, school and public 
building in the Reich. This work shows Hitler standing on a hillock, with 
the sunlight forming a halo round his head. He is in simple brown uniform 
with a cape romantically thrown across his shoulder and his collar turned 
up at the back of his neck in Heinrich Hoffmann's best manner. Beneath him 
stand men in the uniform of all the political and military units of the 
Third Reich, gazing up at him adoringly. This Hitler's [unreadable].

Another mechanism in the commemoration of Hitler is to be the "Guards 
Regiment [rest of paragraph unreadable]

Also included in his testament is Hitler's order that upon his death his 
brain shall be dissected. All preparations have been made for this in a 
special laboratory in ... Berlin.

This brain dissection .. is a literal mania of Hitler's. In fact, some 
people who know of it fear that it has already led to the [unreadable] of 
particular "subjects" for the sole purpose of studying their brains. It is 
known, moreover, among his intimates that Hitler wants a law empowering a 
special commission to appropriate the brain of anybody who, the commission 
judges a desirable subject for dissection after death. Hitler's mania is 
apparently a feature of his development of an eventual superman out 
of the German Herrenvolk.

Another modest contribution which Der Fuehrer has made to this study is the 
perpetuation in a 130-page typewritten report of all the details of his own 
skull and facial structure. It was on a February day in 1937, that a handful 
of solemn men gathered in the from parlor of Hitler's apartment on the 
Prinzregenten Platz in Munich. Hitler, as his library shows, was interested 
in the science of craniology and the study of phrenology. He considered his 
own measurements to be of sufficient importance to posterity to summon a 
commission of scientific men, under the chairmanship of the internationally 
famous surgeon, Professor Ferdinand Sauerbruck, to take precise measurements 
of his head and face. The experts, who included specialists in craniology 
and phrenology, brought tape measures and calipers large and small. They 
measured the [unreadable] of Hitler's skull above the ears, from forehead 
to vertebrae, from jaw to jaw, from chin to forehead, from eye socket to 
eye socket, from nose to chin, and so on ad infinitum. Some of the more 
mature members of the commission were a little embarrassed (and later a 
little ironic) by Hitler's almost childish enchantment with the 
proceedings, but others were typical Nazi sycophants and made the 
appropriate remarks. No sooner would a certain dimension be made and 
recorded than one of these men would exclaim: "Just like Napoleon's!" or 
"Nothing like it since Frederick the Great!" Hitler, solemn as a judge, 
completely mis-

Oechsner,Frederick: This is the enemy. 1942. pp. 112.113.114.

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sed either the irony or the hypocrisy, and ordered happily: "Yes, yes! Put 
it all down" The report today is a valued item in Hitler's personal 
library, and at least one of the younger members of the commission whom I 
know of has received official advancement beyond his dreams.

Another [unreadable] of Hitler's race purification dream (in addition to 
already accomplished mass sterilizations and national dietary programs) is 
the activity of the so-called "Euthanasia Commission" [unreadable] When it 
was created, by Rudolph Hess and the Nazi official, Philip [unreadable]. 
Up to the summer of 1941, when I got my last figures, the commission has 
destroyed 33,000 persons in Germany for various reasons of physical or 
mental disability.....

... It has been pointed out to Hitler that his resolve to free the Reich of 
the need of insane asylums within twenty years, largely through 
sterilization and euthanasia, would put into the hands of unscrupulous, 
physicians or lawyers the power arbitrarily to get rid of people in whose 
debts their clients might have an interest; but he has been adamant.

It is Hitler's stipulation that no wearer of the Golden  Party Badge or 
the Blood Order .... shall be destroyed by euthanasia under any 
circumstances. The case of an ordinary member of the Party whose 
destruction was recommended by the commission must be 
referred to the Reich Party headquarters.

One application of euthanasia which has had a strong psychological effect 
in wartime Germany is the killing of hopelessly wounded soldiers, against 
which the bishop of Munster, Count von Galen, protested and warned in a 
by now famous telegram to Hitler.

Oechsner, Frederick. This is the enemy.1942.p.114.115.

A book had been published in France by a certain high Army officer 
detailing what he considered to be faults of the Maginot Line's 
construction... one copy of it fell into German hands in Paris, whence it 
was immediately dispatched to the War Ministry in Berlin. It was shown to 
Hitler, who, realizing its importance to Germany, immediately had it 
translated verbatim into German. When the translation was delivered to 
Hitler he read it through without stopping, making voluminous notes. After 
a brief interval for digestion and reflection, Hitler sat down and dictated 
an exhaustive report on the book, which came to be the basis of the whole 
plan of Germany's own opposing line of fortifications, the West Wall.

"Not only did Hitler maintain an over-all supervision of the Wall's 
construction," said my General Staff 

Oechsner, Frederick. This is the enemy.1942.p.117.117.

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informant in awe. "but he even sketched the design personally of some of 
the pillboxes down to the smallest detail, such as the thickness of the 
walls or the placement of the gun slits.

       Corroboration that Hitler had taken this strong personal interest 
in the construction of the fortifications was given me by the engineer who 
built it, Dr. Fritz Todt, next whom I sat at luncheon in the spring of 1939...

...After every tour of it Hitler ordered new pillboxes to be constructed...

...Hitler's interest in military matters down to the smallest detail 
cannot be doubted...he was always in direct contact with the problem of 
operations, visiting proving grounds, airfields and barracks and holding 
frequent conferences with his Chiefs of Staff even long before he went 
into war. I think all the claims by Goering and others that Hitler 
possesses an innate genius for military matters are exaggerated. I think 
that through reading and discussion he has developed a thorough knowledge 
of tactics and a sense of strategy. His naturally acute ability to sift and 
coordinate facts enables him then to take what his generals tell him, 
combine with it, or relate to it, his own acquired knowledge on the subject, 
weigh it all in the light of what he knows of the [unreadable] and then 
produce a synopsis which is pretty apt to be the right answer...
 
...Hitler has always made it a practice not only to meet his officers but 
to know them..

Oechsner, Frederick: This is the enemy.1942. pp.118.119.120.

       In his role of War Lord, Hitler spends his entire time during a 
campaign at his so-called Fuehrerhauptquartier ... He reserves to himself 
the big decisions about consultation...

.... From his Fuehrerhauptquartier also he conducts the broad lines of 
foreign policy with von Ribbentrop.

Oechsner,Frederick:This is the enemy . 1942. pp. 124.125. 

At the end of July, 1941, ... Hitler received a commission of 
prominent dietitians who, upon

Oechsner, Frederick: This is the enemy. 1942. p.126

00011055.gif [Page 32] his orders and [unreadable] researches 
is new concentrated foods, particularly those which were suitable for use 
by the German troops in the winter months in Russia, and especially fish 
concentrates, milk derivatives and fruit preparations. Professor 
Sauerbruck has been charged with the working out of an injection which 
was to help the troops stand the Soviet winter. In fact, according to 
those close to him, practically the whole of Hitler's interest towards 
the late summer and early autumn of 1941, insofar as he was not occupied 
with immediate military matters, was in figuring out how to winter his 
troops in Russia....

...Even shortly after the beginning of the invasion of Russia, Hitler was 
reported by persons who saw him to have grown extremely serious of 
expression and as showing signs of unusual sensitivity...

It was at this time that Hitler began using sleeping sedatives, so that 
even his doctors cautioned him about them. The coldness of the nights, too, 
made him resort to an occasional hot grog, something unheard of in earlier 
days. I myself saw him twice at fairly close range in these months. His 
color was not good, his eyes had more than their usual sharp, glaring, not 
quite normal stare. He fidgeted in his chair, peered up at the ceiling, 
seemed to look through people near him. But, as always, when the moment 
came for him to assert his personality and his dominance, to say a few 
words, he was in absolute command of himself, poised, assured, hard acting 
Der Fuehrer as if born to the title.

Oechsner,Frederick:This is the enemy . 1942. pp. 126.127. 

In conversation with the Italian Ambassador at an official reception in 
Berlin in the year 1935, Hitler stated that, in a decade there would be no 
more Jews in Germany.

"You mean in the trades and professions, I presume, Herr Reichskanzler?" 
the Ambassador asked.
 
"Not only that; not on the streets either," Hitler replied emphatically.
 
The Ambassador was skeptical. "Why, you can't build concentration camps 
large enough to accommodate all of Germany's Jews," he rejoined. "What do 
you propose to do with them?"
 
Hitler declined to go into detail: with his jaws 

Oechsner,Frederick:This is the enemy . 1942. p. 128. 

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clamped tight he looked straight at the Ambassador, saying, "All right, 
Herr [unreadable], but I tell you: in ten years they will be gone." ....

.....Hitler's attitude toward the Jews ... is dictated by a [unreadable] of 
hatred difficult to gauge. A well-known German physician described it as 
"a primitive hate, typical of half-civilized or even uncivilized persons." 
It led Hitler to exclaim passionately one day: "I regret that I am 
Chancellor of the Reich. I would like to be a young S.A. or S.S. man and 
be able to meet the Jews with doubled-up fists or bludgeon.

The outspoken General Werner von Fritsch ... pointed out...that Frederick 
the Great had approved of his officers' marrying Jewesses. " because 
their families not only gained not only money but brains." Hitler, who had 
sauntered up to join the group, heard the tail end of Fritsch's remarks, 
looked at him coldly, and without a word turned and left.

On another occasion, upon the suggestion of the well-known Zeppelin expert 
Dr. Echener, Goering interceded with Hitler on behalf of certain Jews. 
Hitler's reaction was a violent refusal, and from that day forward he 
forbade anyone to speak in his presence of a "decent Jew."

.... Der Fuehrer is himself always quickened in his Anti-Jewish feelings 
by contact with the notorious Julius Streicher. It is often noticeable that 
after Hitler has been with Stretcher for a time he is apt to come out with 
some new anti-Jewish measure or speech.

Oechsner,Frederick:This is the enemy . 1942. pp. 128.129.






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