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_Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy. 1942._

wax head and photographed from every imaginable angle. These photograph 
were sent to Hitler at the Chancellery by special messenger, but 
unfortunately the artist who created the wax head had given the face a 
mustache much broader than Hitler's, making Der Fuehrer look more or less 
like Stalin's cousin. Hitler was enraged and ordered a careful 
investigation to see whether anyone was poking fun at him. But no evidence 
of sabotage was found. The incident, however, is typical, both in the 
pains which were taken to photograph the caps and thus present Hitler in 
the finest possible light, and in his wounded vanity over the mustache.

It was after this incident that Hitler forbade anyone in his immediate 
circle with whom he came into frequent contact to wear a mustache or a 
beard. The one exception to the edict was Julius Schreck, Hitler's 
chauffeur, whom he indulged in many small things and to whom he was much 
attached.

Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy.l942. p.101

Schreck's successor was a young, almost frail-looking S.S. man, much more 
of the type that Hitler likes to have about him. He likes the men in his 
immediate household entourage to have wavy hair, preferably blond.

Hitler has a large wardrobe, but for him simplicity in dress is important, 
and he calls "tails" for men a laughable get-up. He wears them only when 
he is obliged to, as at receptions or banquets. A really fashionable 
dressed man is anathema to him, and his aversion to Anthony Eden, whom he 
called "a lacquered monkey" was based on this antipathy. He does, however, 
like elegant military uniforms on his generals, even though he himself has 
elected to wear a military costume of exaggerated simplicity 
"for the duration". Hitler practically always carries gloves, but usually 
just in his right hand. His attitude toward women's dress is quite 
different from that towards men's. He likes women adorned by their garb 
and he likes to see well-dressed women around him, even having reports and 
lectures delivered to him on the creation of a German mode for women. 
Occasionally he takes up his pencil to sketch what he considers to be 
improvements in a particular model.

He has a very high regard for American fashions, and frequently after 
witnessing American films at the Reichschancellery, which he used to do 
regularly, he would observe

Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy.l942. 101,102.

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that he wished the German women to dress as smartly. He found American 
women's shoes particularly attractive. He never uses the words "beautiful" 
or "pleasing" about a costume or mode, but only "dignified" or "undignified".

Hitler's wardrobe is extensive. A long corridor in his private apartment 
in the Chancellery is fitted on both sides with cupboards, shelves, 
drawers and hat compartments which accommodate his hundred suits and 
uniforms, sixty pair of boots and shoes, and thirty-five hats and caps. 
Many of his shirts and lightweight uniforms are made of English goods, 
recognized even in Germany as the best. As head of the state he has, 
of course, to observe sartorial protocol closely, or at least did in the 
days before he went permanently into uniform, and one member of the 
protocol staff of the Foreign Office was dismissed without ado when he 
failed to give Der Fuehrer accurate notification about his dress at some 
public function.

Goering's fantastic regalia, on the other hand, is a source of amusement 
to Hitler. One time after a new balcony had been built onto the Chancellery, 
the engineer in charge asked whether a squad of husky bodyguards could be 
sent out to stand on it to judge its strength. Hitler, who happened to be 
passing by, said: "Oh, don't worry. Goering was just out there in full 
uniform with all his medals on. It'll hold!"

Hitler makes frequent jokes at the expense of others. Goering and Goebbels 
are among the most common victims, and his jibes have an extreme 
barrack-room flavor. But Der Fuehrer is very stuffy about jokes at his own 
expense. In other words, he can give it but he can't take it. Nor will he 
tolerate political quips about the Nazis or their allies . .....

Hitler's lack of grace about jokes on himself springs from his morbid 
vanity and the conviction of his historical importance. But I have seen 
another man, no tyro at self-esteem, clip Hitler's vanity off at the roots 
with an old trick. It was on the occasion of Mussolini's much publicized 
first visit to the Reich and all eyes were on the two men, very much aware 
of themselves and of the scene. As they started off to inspect the Guard 
of Honor in front of the Munich railway station, Mussolini looked at Hitler 
out of the corner of his eye and started ahead at a pace which could only 
be called a sprint. Hitler, startled, found himself trailing along like a 
flunky with the rear guard; he, too, put on speed and they finished neck 
and neck. Mussolini never headed Hitler after that.

Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy. 1942. 102, 103.

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The one phase of Hitler's nature which, above all others, is never 
officially discussed is his sexual-emotional life. To all appearances, he 
has none ......

In several known instances where his men were involved Hitler has required 
them to "marry the girl"; in others he has got his men out of scrapes by 
talking with the young ladies themselves.

There is only hearsay evidence, but its sources appear reliable, that 
Hitler was sporadically an active homosexual in this period, and the names 
of Ernst Roehm and RudoIf Hess are accepted among persons close to the 
Fuehrer as having been his intimates .........

However, when, some time later, the first head of the Secret Police, Rudolf 
Diehls, was retired, it was said that he possessed certain compromising 
correspondence between Roehm and Hitler which he had deposited in 
Switzerland .........

At what exact time remains unclear, but apparently about 1935, he made the 
acquaintanceship of a Bavarian girl, Eva Braun, who was to play a 
considerable part in his life in the coming years. She was twenty-five 
years old and Hitler was forty-seven.

There was nothing much to distinguish Eva Braun from a great many other 
healthy and healthy-looking young Bavarian women with olive skin and rather 
dark blond hair, but something about her attracted Hitler when she was sent 
up one day to take some photographs at the Berghof.

She was an assistant to Hitler's old friend and photographer Heinrich 
Hoffmann, and that day Hoffmann himself had been away from Munich and had 
sent young Fraulein Braun in his stead. Her father was a Studienrat (a 
modest official title) in the Bavarian Ministry of Education, and her own 
education and upbringing were quite typical of her class. She had had the 
opportunity to learn to dance and enjoyed dancing; she was also fond of 
skiing, which she was able to do in the mountains outside of Munich; she 
dressed nicely, if quietly and with no great style; and she was fond of 
photography and artistic things, though herself not a creative artist in 
sketching or painting as Hitler was.

In his first conversations with the girl, Hitler found her intelligent, 
mentally responsive, cheerful and natural in manner. He asked Hoffmann to 
let her come up again to take photographs, and in time began showing her 
small attentions, such as inviting her to this and that function where, 
chaperoned by the wife of one of his

Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy.1942.104,105,106

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associates like Wilhelm Frick or Rudolph Hess, she sat unobtrusively at 
Hitler's table. By late 1937 the relationship, still of a discreet and 
undefined nature, had reached the point where Fraulein Braun had at her 
disposal special guest rooms both at the Reichschancellery and at 
Hitler's house at Berchtesgaden. No photograph published in Germany ever 
showed them together, nor does the German public know of the liaison to 
this day.

Meanwhile Hitler's name began to be linked in greater or lesser degree 
with the names of other women as his own social contacts broadened and 
his growing power lent him more attractiveness to them. Leni Riefenstahl 
was a frequent guest at Hitler's social functions. The name of the blond 
cinema actress Renate Mueller, was mentioned with his in a vague sort of 
way; she later committed suicide. The eighteen-year-old niece of Frau von 
Dircksen (an early patroness of the Nazi party) was invited down from her 
home in Mecklenberg on Hitler's special request; if his attentions to this 
child were ever serious they were terminated when she fell In love with one 
of his sturdy S.S. men, half his age. Another young woman for whom Hitler 
had a marked, though apparently platonic admiration was the blond English 
beauty, Unity Mitford, who had given him the target pistol mentioned 
previously, and who had a burning admiration for both Hitler and the 
National Socialist movement. Hitler's attraction to her as "the ideal 
Nordic type" tapered off in direct ratio to the tension in German-English 
relations so that by the summer of 1939 she complained that Hitler "never 
saw her anymore."  Miss Mitford was thrown into such a psychic state by the 
actual outbreak of the war that she attempted to kill herself by shooting 
in Munich. As soon he heard of it, Hitler placed a special car at the 
disposal of her family to bring her, with bandaged head and in serious 
condition, home to England via Holland.

Whatever the character of these various relationships, they do not seem 
to have interrupted the progress of Hitler's attachment to Eva Braun, and 
by midsummer of 1938 she was definitely established in his household and 
was referred to in staff conversations as "Die Chefin" (the feminine 
cocounterpart of Hitler's intimate title, "Der' Chef"). Nevertheless, 
behind the development of this affair, Fraulein Braun does not seem to have 
been entirely happy, for, possibly as a bid for sympathy from a man whose 
colossal egoism would have presented a problem for many women, it was 
during this period that she made the first of two ineffectual suicide 
attempts which marked her relationship with Hitler. Moreover, three young 
men had attempted, or achieved, suicide because of her: possibly enamored 
more of Der Fuehrer's companion - though she was scarcely the courtesan 
type of history - than of Fraulein Braun, daughter of Herr Studienrat Braun.

Oechsner, Frederick:This is the enemy. 1942. 106. 107. 1O8.

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The most sensational of the suicides was that of the young officer in 
Hitler's Death's Head bodyguard, Sigmund Breuer, who leaped to his death 
from the parapet of the Kehlstein after a last meeting with Eva Braun in 
a group there. Breuer,formerly a small tradesman, had later worked for 
Heinrich Hoffmann, where he met Eva. He was attentive to her and 
apparently fell in love with her, only to find that he was treading on Der 
Fuehrer's  preserves. Breuer took what to many young Nazis would seem the 
logical consequence. When his body was found crushed on the rocks at the 
bottom of the great tower, a camera was around his neck, and the pretense 
was adopted that he had lost his balance in trying to take snapshots.

In August 1938, Hitler had given Eva Braun a ring and had ordered for her 
a custom-built Mercedes touring car. At that time I learned on reliable 
authority that Hitler actually contemplated marrying her [unreadable] that 
remained to be settled was the date.

In this period it was represented by those close to Hitler that he was 
desirous of living a more domestic life, of devoting his attentions to the 
social welfare of the German people and to his own architectural and 
artistic interests, and that he wanted to turn over the actual 
administrative responsibility of running the country to Hermann Goering. 
Success in his political projects had given Hitler, so it was represented, 
both time and appetite for domestic happiness. He himself [unreadable] 
"I should love nothing more dearly that a family. When I feel I have 
accomplished my historic mission, I intend to enjoy the private life which 
I have thus far denied myself."

But Hitler never married Fraulein Eva Braun; the touching picture of 
himself as a family man, German style, was not to be realized. What the 
reason was I do not know. Perhaps Goebbels persuaded him that it was easier 
to maintain the hero [unreadable] for a bachelor, that for one who was 
merely a husband. Or perhaps the opening up of new vistas in his "historic 
mission" during this momentous year relegated marriage to its position of 
previous unimportance in his plans.

He did not break with her when he failed to marry her, however.  Eva Braun 
had done more to give him the comfort and attention of a wife than any 
other woman in his life. She bought him handkerchiefs, socks and shirts on 
his birthdays and tried to induce him to let his tailor make his uniforms 
with a smarter cut, at which he balked. On his forty-ninth birthday she 
bought for him at an Unter den Linden shop a dozen pajamas, which included 
some in blue and white stripes, the colors of her Bavarian homeland. They 
were the first pajamas Hitler had ever had; previously he had worn 
old-fashioned nightshirts. She induced him to wear comfortable lounging 
shirts  made of English [unreadable], when in informal civilian dress, and 
to try silk underwear.

Oechsner, Frederick: This is the enemy. 1942. 108.109

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