00011039.gif page 16 Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy.l942 as many, in fact, as three or four in an evening. At official banquets he merely touches wine to his lips during the toasts. As already indicated, he does not smoke and does not like people to smoke around him. He sleeps comparatively well, going to bed late (often in Berlin as late as three or four in the morning after reading) and rising late. On the day the Zeppelin Hindenburg burned at Lakehurst he did not learn of it until two o'clock the next afternoon when he arose. His physicians have been worried since the start of the war by his tendency to use sedatives as sleeping aids, but there is no evidence that this has become a habit with him.. For the last four years Hitler has received occasional "ray" treatments of the larynx at the hands of his house physician, and at one time he had an operation for the removal of a small polyp from the larynx. There was some talk at the time of his being a growth of malignant nature, but that rumor (to the regret of a great many people) proved to be false. He has had infrequent attacks which seem to be caused by gall-bladder disturbance, but these too were not serious. Whatever he thinks or does about his own health, Hitler is determined to raise the public health level of the Reich ..... Hitler attributes great importance to diet in working out his "superior German stock". He also envisages a day when the Reich's breweries will turn out only milk products and fruit juices ...... Hitler reads insatiably, omnivorously. It is on the basis of this tremendously wide reading through the years that he has gained his knowledge of history and of military science, for he had only an elementary education. This exhaustive reading habit, which enables him to absorb incredible masses of detail rapidly and effectively is characteristic of that side of his nature which is meticulous, careful, even plodding. The other side of his nature is psychic, brilliant, with almost lightninglike flashes of intuition on the basis of which he also reaches decisions. Whether he decides a thing by the careful, analytical process, absorbing the necessary groundwork of information from books or in long conferences with other persons, or by flashes, he has seldom been known to swerve from a decision once made. ..... I have seen him reprimand officers of ancient name in public, as if they were schoolboys, for some real or fancied hesitancy in this connection. Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy.1942, pp.92,93,94 00011040.gif page 17 I found that his personal library, which is divided between his residence in the Chancellery in Berlin and his country home on the Obersalzberg at Berchtesgaden, contains roughly 16,300 books. They may be divided generally into three groups: - First, the military section containing some 7000 volumes, including the campaigns of Napoleon, the Prussian kings; the lives of all German and Prussian potentates who ever played a military role; and books on virtually all of the well-known military campaigns in recorded history. There is Theodore Roosevelt's work on the Spanish American War, also a book by General von Steuben, who drilled our troops during the American Revolution. Blomberg, when he was War Minister, presented Hitler with 400 books, pamphlets and monographs on the United States armed forces and he has read many of these. The military books are divided according to countries. Those which were not available in German Hitler has had translated. Many of them, especially on Napoleon's campaigns, are extensively marginated in his own handwriting. There is a book on the Gran Chaco dispute by the German General Kundt, who at one time (like Captain Ernst Roehm) was an instructor of troops in Bolivia. There are exhaustive works on uniforms, weapons, supply, mobilization, the building-up of armies in peacetime, morale and ballistics. In fact, there is probably not a single phase of military knowledge, ancient or modern, which is not dealt with in these 7000 volumes, and quite obviously Hitler has read many of them from cover to cover. The second section of some 1500 books covers artistic subjects each as architecture, the theater, painting and sculpture, which, after military subjects, are Hitler's chief interest. The books include works on surrealism and Dada-ism, although Hitler has no use for this type of art. One of his ironical marginal notes could be roughly translated: "Modern art will revolutionize the world? Rot!" In writing these notes Hitler never uses a fountain pen but an old-fashioned pen or an indelible pencil. In drawers beneath the bookshelves he has a collection of photographs, drawings and famous actors, dancers,singers, both male and female. One book on the Spanish theater has pornographic drawings and photographs, but there no section on pornography, as such, in Hitler's library. The third section includes works on astrology and spiritualism procured from all parts of the world and translated where necessary. There are also spiritualistic photographs, and, securely locked away, the 200 photographs of the stellar constellations on important days in his life. These he has annotated in his own handwriting and each has its own separate envelope. Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy.l942. p. 94.95. 00011041.gif page 18 In this third section there is a considerable part devoted to nutrition and diet. In fact, there are probably a thousand books on this subject, many of them heavily marginated, those marginal comments including the vegetarian observation: "Cows were meant to give milk; oxen to draw loads". There are dozens of books on animal breeding with the photographs of stallions and mares of famous name. One interesting psychological angle here is that, where stallions and mares are shown on opposite pages, many of the mares have been crossed out in red pencil as merely inferior females and unimportant compared with the stallion males. There are some 400 books on the Church -- almost entirely on the Catholic Church. There is also a good deal of pornography here, portraying alleged license in the priesthood: offenses such as made up the charges in the immorality trials which the Nazis conducted against priests at the height of the attack upon the Catholic Church. Many of Hitler's marginal notes on this pornographic section are gross and uncouth. Some pictures show Popes and Cardinals reviewing troops at moments in history. The marginations here are: "Never again" and "This is impossible now", showing that Hitler proposes that the princes of the Church shall never again be allowed to gain political positions in which they can command armies and otherwise exercise temporal powers. Hitler is himself a Catholic, though not a practicing one. Some 800 to 1000 books are simple, popular fiction, many of them pure trash in anybody's language. There is a large number of detective stories. He has all of Edgar Wallace; adventure books of the G.A. Henty class; love romances by the score, including those by the leading romantic sob sister of Germany, Hedwig Courts-Mahler, in which wealth and poverty strength and weakness, are sharply contrasted and in which honor and chastity triumph and the sweet secretary marries her millionaire boss. All of these flaming volumes are in neutral covers so as not to reveal their titles. Hitler may read them, but he doesn't want people to know that he does: Among Hitler's favorites is a complete set of American Indian stories written by the German, Karl May, who had never been to America. These books are known to every German youngster, and Hitler's fondness for them as bedside reading suggests that he, like many a German thirteen-year-old, has gone to sleep with the exploits of "Old Shatterhand" reeling through his brain. Hitler's set, ,which was presented to him by Marsha' Goering, is expensively bound in vellum and kept in a special case. They are much thumbed and read and usually one or two may be found in the small bedside bookcase with its green curtain in Hitler's bedroom. Sociological works are strongly represented in the library, including a unique book by Robert Ley, written in 1935, Frederick Oechsner:This is the Enemy.l942.pp.95,96,97 00011042.gif page 19 [MISSING GIF] on world sociological problems and solutions. This book never was circulated. Six thousand copies were printed, 5999 were destroyed; the single remaining copy is Hitler's. The reason: all books and pamphlets on National Socialism have to be submitted to a special Party commission before being released for publication, and books by prominent Nazi individuals have to be shown to Hitler himself. The book, by Ley, a notorious idolater, so idealized Hitler that even he couldn't stomach its being published. Another suppressed book in Hitler's library is Alfred Rosenberg's work on the proposed Nazi Reich-Church, of which today there are only twelve copies in proof, although typewritten carbon copies of some sections are known to exist and in mysterious ways to have circulated as far as the United States. In earlier days, when he had time, Hitler used to bind his own damaged books. Hitler's own best-seller, Mein Kampf, has yielded him a fancy fortune, estimated by German Banking circles to be about 50 000,000 reichsmark ($ 20,000,000 at official rates.) With part of this sum, Hitler has amassed a collection of precious stones valued at some 20,000,000 reichsmark, which he keeps in a special safe built into the wall of his house at Berchtesgaden. The stones were bought for him in various parts of the world by his friend Max Amann, head of the Nazi publishing firm, the Eher Verlag, in which Hitler has in interest. It was Hitler who put Max Amann in charge of the Eher Verlag, and it has turned out to be a lucrative job; Amann's own fortune today is estimated by bankers at around 40,000,000 reichsmarks. With absolute autocratic control over all publishing enterprises in Germany, it is no wonder that the Nazi Eher Verlag snowballed into a phenomenally profitable enterprise for everybody connected with it, including Adolf Hitler. The Reichschanceller has never found it necessary to use his official salary, a large part of which he turns over to charity. Among the books in Hitler's library is one volume covering a field in which he has always shown particular interest: namely, the study of hands, including those of as many famous people throughout the ages as could be procured. Hitler, in fact, bases a good deal of his judgment of people on their hands. In his first conversation with some personality, whether political or military, German or foreign, he usually most carefully observes his hands - their form, whether they are well cared for, whether they are long and narrow or stumpy and broad, Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy.1942. pp.97,98. 00011043.gif page 20 the shape of the nails, the knuckle and joint formation and so on. Various generals and diplomats have wondered why Hitler sometimes, after starting a conversation in a cordial and friendly way, became cool as he went along, and often closed the discourse curtly or abruptly without much progress having been made. They learned only later that Hitler had not been pleased by the shape of their hands. Inversely, many men have found favor and advancement with Hitler at least partially on the basis of possessing hands which he approved. This, for example, was true of his favorite architect, Professor Ludwig Troost, a man of very mediocre talents, whose strongly formed, bony and almost coarse hands Hitler regards as ideal. He regards Goering's hands a' "too fat and pudgy". Among the hands which he approves are those of Hindenburg, Mussolini, Franco, Beethoven, and the leading German orchestra conductor Wilhelm Furtwaengler. Among hands which he considers bad are those of the Jewish painter, Max Liebermann; the first President of the Republic, Fritz Ebert; the Socialist leader Philip Scheiuemann; Stresemann; Lenin; and interesting to note, Ernst Roehm, whom Hitler had shot in the Blood Purge of 1934, but with whom he was intimately associated in the early days of the Party struggle. Hitler once said to a prominent English physician who visited him in the company of the British Fascist leader, Sir Oswald Mosley, that "the hand is the mirror of human character ". The fascination of human hands for Hitler does not extend into palmistry, but there is one amusing anecdote in this connection which bears telling. A woman of some social and political prominence in Germany, who was also an enthusiastic palmist, had often asked Hitler to let her read his hand. He finally agreed, but only on condition that he submit his palm from behind a curtain together with that of some other unidentified person, so that the woman would not know which was Hitler's. This was agreed to and the test took place. The woman read the first of the two outthrust hands rather quickly and found it of none too absorbing interest. She spent a good deal more time over the second hand, the owner of which, according to her final dictum, would one day set the world's tongues wagging. The curtains parted and out stepped Hitler -- and Rudolf Hess, the owner of the second hand. 00011044.gif page 21 It is typical of Hitler's estimate of himself, in connection with his evaluation of hands, that he regards his own right member as practically the finest thing God ever put on a human arm, and often exhibits it as his idea of perfection. Indeed he very frequently poses for photographs or paintings with his right hand posed on his hip. In friendly encounters Hitler is addicted to the two-palm grip, especially when the cameras are recording for eternity his welcome to Mussolini, Ciano or some other visiting ally. Hitler is indeed vain, as I have said, and thinks of himself pictorially against the background of the mere world. Perhaps this is the reason why, shortly after he became Reichschanceller, he had the shape of his nose corrected by a well-known Munich plastic-surgeon. The nose had seen a little bulbous at the end and fatty on the bridge, so Hitler got a Berlin medical man to recommend a colleague in Munich and there the operation was performed and the superfluous flesh removed. Thereafter he was always posed by his official photographer, Professor Hoffmann, to bring out the best points of his remodeled nose as well as of his other facial and physical features. Hoffmann usually poses him with the back of his overcoat collar turned up so as to soften the line of his cap either in profile or full face. Although he has worn glasses for several years ,for reading, Hitler is very strict about not allowing anyone to photograph him with glasses on. Photographers, newsreelmen and others had stern instructions from Hitler's adjutant Brueckner to photograph Der Fuehrer only after he had removed his spectacles. Several rolls of film had to be destroyed on one occasion because this injunction was not observed, and one camera man lost his permit to work because he tried to retain such a snapshot as a curiosity. Hitler wore glasses publicly for the first time for the signing of the Munich agreement with Daladier, Chamberlain and Mussolini. Whenever he is photographed at his headquarters now studying maps, reports and such, it is always with a magnifying glass only. Hitler's caps were always a matter of serious concern to him. He used to wear a swagger style but came to consider that too jaunty for the "Fuehrer und Reichskanzler" and ordered his tailor to work out a more serious model. A wax head based on the exact dimensions of his skull was made and sent to the factory which manufactures his hats for him. Various styles of cap were designed, tried on the Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy.1942.99,100,101.
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