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  Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy.l942                                           

as many, in fact, as three or four in an evening. At official banquets he 
merely touches wine to his lips during the toasts. As already indicated, he 
does not smoke and does not like people to smoke around him.   
          
He sleeps comparatively well, going to bed late (often in Berlin as late as 
three or four in the morning after reading) and rising late. On the day the 
Zeppelin Hindenburg burned at Lakehurst he did not learn of it until two 
o'clock the next afternoon when he arose. His physicians have been worried 
since the start of the war by his tendency to use sedatives as sleeping 
aids, but there is no evidence that this has become a habit with him..

For the last four years Hitler has received occasional "ray" treatments of 
the larynx at the hands of his house physician, and at one time he had an 
operation for the removal of a small polyp from the larynx. There was some 
talk at the time of his being a growth of malignant nature, but that 
rumor (to the regret of a great many people) proved to be false. He has 
had infrequent attacks which seem to be caused by gall-bladder disturbance, 
but these too were not serious.

Whatever he thinks or does about his own health, Hitler is determined to 
raise the public health level of the Reich ..... Hitler attributes great 
importance to diet in working out his "superior German stock". He also 
envisages a day when the Reich's breweries will turn out only milk 
products and fruit juices ......

Hitler reads insatiably, omnivorously. It is on the basis of this 
tremendously wide reading through the years that he has gained his knowledge 
of history and of military science, for he had only an elementary education.

This exhaustive reading habit, which enables him to absorb incredible 
masses of detail rapidly and effectively is characteristic of that side of 
his nature which is meticulous, careful, even plodding. The other side of 
his nature is psychic, brilliant, with almost lightninglike flashes of 
intuition on the basis of which he also reaches decisions. Whether he 
decides a thing by the careful, analytical process, absorbing the necessary 
groundwork of information from books or in long conferences with other 
persons, or by flashes, he has seldom been known to swerve from a decision 
once made. ..... I have seen him reprimand officers of ancient name in 
public, as if they were schoolboys, for some real or fancied hesitancy in 
this connection.

Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy.1942, pp.92,93,94

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I found that his personal library, which is divided between his residence 
in the Chancellery in Berlin and his country home on the Obersalzberg at 
Berchtesgaden, contains roughly 16,300 books. They may be divided 
generally into three groups: -

First, the military section containing some 7000 volumes, including the 
campaigns of Napoleon, the Prussian kings; the lives of all German and 
Prussian potentates who ever played a military role; and books on 
virtually all of the well-known military campaigns in recorded history. 
There is Theodore Roosevelt's work on the Spanish American War, also a 
book by General von Steuben, who drilled our troops during the American 
Revolution. Blomberg, when he was War Minister, presented Hitler with 400 
books, pamphlets and monographs on the United States armed forces and he 
has read many of these.

The military books are divided according to countries. Those which were 
not available in German Hitler has had translated. Many of them, 
especially on Napoleon's campaigns, are extensively marginated in his own 
handwriting. There is a book on the Gran Chaco dispute by the German 
General Kundt, who at one time (like Captain Ernst Roehm) was an 
instructor of troops in Bolivia. There are exhaustive works on uniforms, 
weapons, supply, mobilization, the building-up of armies in peacetime, 
morale and ballistics. In fact, there is probably not a single phase of 
military knowledge, ancient or modern, which is not dealt with in these 
7000 volumes, and quite obviously Hitler has read many of them from cover 
to cover.

The second section of some 1500 books covers artistic subjects each as 
architecture, the theater, painting and sculpture, which, after military 
subjects, are Hitler's chief interest. The books include works on 
surrealism and Dada-ism, although Hitler has no use for this type of art.

One of his ironical marginal notes could be roughly translated: "Modern 
art will revolutionize the world? Rot!" In writing these notes Hitler 
never uses a fountain pen but an old-fashioned pen or an indelible pencil.

In drawers beneath the bookshelves he has a collection of photographs, 
drawings and famous actors, dancers,singers, both male and female. One book 
on the Spanish theater has pornographic drawings and photographs, but there 
no section on pornography, as such, in Hitler's library.

The third section includes works on astrology and spiritualism procured 
from all parts of the world and translated where necessary. There are also 
spiritualistic photographs, and, securely locked away, the 200 photographs 
of the stellar constellations on important days in his life. These he has 
annotated in his own handwriting and each has its own separate envelope.

Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy.l942. p. 94.95.

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In this third section there is a considerable part devoted to nutrition 
and diet. In fact, there are probably a thousand books on this subject, 
many of them heavily marginated, those marginal comments including the 
vegetarian observation: "Cows were meant to give milk; oxen to draw 
loads". There are dozens of books on animal breeding with the photographs 
of stallions and mares of famous name. One interesting psychological angle 
here is that, where stallions and mares are shown on opposite pages, 
many of the mares have been crossed out in red pencil as merely inferior 
females and unimportant compared with the stallion males.

There are some 400 books on the Church -- almost entirely on the Catholic 
Church. There is also a good deal of pornography here, portraying alleged 
license in the priesthood: offenses such as made up the charges in the 
immorality trials which the Nazis conducted against priests at the height 
of the attack upon the Catholic Church. Many of Hitler's marginal notes 
on this pornographic section are gross and uncouth. Some pictures show 
Popes and Cardinals reviewing troops at moments in history. The 
marginations here are: "Never again" and "This is impossible now", 
showing that Hitler proposes that the princes of the Church shall never 
again be allowed to gain political positions in which they can command 
armies and otherwise exercise temporal powers. Hitler is himself a 
Catholic, though not a practicing one.

Some 800 to 1000 books are simple, popular fiction, many of them pure trash 
in anybody's language. There is a large number of detective stories. He has 
all of Edgar Wallace; adventure books of the G.A. Henty class; love 
romances by the score, including those by the leading romantic sob sister 
of Germany, Hedwig Courts-Mahler, in which wealth and poverty strength and 
weakness, are sharply contrasted and in which honor and chastity triumph 
and the sweet secretary marries her millionaire boss. All of these flaming 
volumes are in neutral covers so as not to reveal their titles. Hitler may 
read them, but he doesn't want people to know that he does:

Among Hitler's favorites is a complete set of American Indian stories 
written by the German, Karl May, who had never been to America. These books 
are known to every German youngster, and Hitler's fondness for them as 
bedside reading suggests that he, like many a German thirteen-year-old, 
has gone to sleep with the exploits of "Old Shatterhand" reeling through 
his brain. Hitler's set, ,which was presented to him by Marsha' Goering, 
is expensively bound in vellum and kept in a special case. They are much 
thumbed and read and usually one or two may be found in the small bedside 
bookcase with its green curtain in Hitler's bedroom.

Sociological works are strongly represented in the library, including a 
unique book by Robert Ley, written in 1935,

Frederick Oechsner:This is the Enemy.l942.pp.95,96,97

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on world sociological problems and solutions. This book never was 
circulated. Six thousand copies were printed, 5999 were destroyed; the 
single remaining copy is Hitler's. The reason: all books and pamphlets 
on National Socialism have to be submitted to a special Party commission 
before being released for publication, and books by prominent Nazi 
individuals have to be shown to Hitler himself. The book, by Ley, a 
notorious idolater, so idealized Hitler that even he couldn't stomach its 
being published.    
                                                                
Another suppressed book in Hitler's library is Alfred Rosenberg's work on 
the proposed Nazi Reich-Church, of which today there are only twelve copies 
in proof, although typewritten carbon copies of some sections are known to 
exist and in mysterious ways to have circulated as far as the United States.

In earlier days, when he had time, Hitler used to bind his own damaged 
books. Hitler's own best-seller, Mein Kampf, has yielded him a fancy 
fortune, estimated by German Banking circles to be about 50 000,000 
reichsmark ($ 20,000,000 at official rates.)  With part of this sum, 
Hitler has amassed a collection of precious stones valued at some 
20,000,000 reichsmark, which he keeps in a special safe built into the 
wall of his house at Berchtesgaden.

The stones were bought for him in various parts of the world by his friend 
Max Amann, head of the Nazi publishing firm, the Eher Verlag, in which 
Hitler has in interest. It was Hitler who put Max Amann in charge of the 
Eher Verlag, and it has turned out to be a lucrative job; Amann's own 
fortune today is estimated by bankers at around 40,000,000 reichsmarks. 
With absolute autocratic control over all publishing enterprises in 
Germany, it is no wonder that the Nazi Eher Verlag snowballed into a
phenomenally profitable enterprise for everybody connected with it, 
including Adolf Hitler. The Reichschanceller has never found it necessary 
to use his official salary, a large part of which he turns over to charity.

Among the books in Hitler's library is one volume covering a field in which 
he has always shown particular interest: namely, the study of hands, 
including those of as many famous people throughout the ages as could be 
procured. Hitler, in fact, bases a good deal of his judgment of people on 
their hands. In his first conversation with some personality, whether 
political or military, German or foreign, he usually most carefully 
observes his hands - their form, whether they are well cared for, whether 
they are long and narrow or stumpy and broad,

Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy.1942. pp.97,98.

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the shape of the nails, the knuckle and joint formation and so on. Various 
generals and diplomats have wondered why Hitler sometimes, after starting 
a conversation in a cordial and friendly way, became cool as he went along, 
and often closed the discourse curtly or abruptly without much progress 
having been made. They learned only later that Hitler had not been pleased 
by the shape of their hands.

Inversely, many men have found favor and advancement with Hitler at least 
partially on the basis of possessing hands which he approved. This, for 
example, was true of his favorite architect, Professor Ludwig Troost, a 
man of very mediocre talents, whose strongly formed, bony and almost coarse 
hands Hitler regards as ideal. He regards Goering's hands a' "too fat and 
pudgy". Among the hands which he approves are those of Hindenburg, 
Mussolini, Franco, Beethoven, and the leading German orchestra conductor 
Wilhelm Furtwaengler. Among hands which he considers bad are those of the 
Jewish painter, Max Liebermann; the first President of the Republic, Fritz 
Ebert; the Socialist leader Philip Scheiuemann; Stresemann; Lenin; and 
interesting to note, Ernst Roehm, whom Hitler had shot in the Blood Purge 
of 1934, but with whom he was intimately associated in the early days of 
the Party struggle. Hitler once said to a prominent English physician who 
visited him in the company of the British Fascist leader, Sir Oswald 
Mosley, that "the hand is the mirror of human character ".

The fascination of human hands for Hitler does not extend into palmistry, 
but there is one amusing anecdote in this connection which bears telling. 
A woman of some social and political prominence in Germany, who was also an 
enthusiastic palmist, had often asked Hitler to let her read his hand. He 
finally agreed, but only on condition that he submit his palm from behind 
a curtain together with that of some other unidentified person, so that 
the woman would not know which was Hitler's. This was agreed to and the 
test took place. The woman read the first of the two outthrust hands 
rather quickly and found it of none too absorbing interest. She spent a 
good deal more time over the second hand, the owner of which, according 
to her final dictum, would one day set the world's tongues wagging. The 
curtains parted and out stepped Hitler -- and Rudolf Hess, the owner of 
the second hand.

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It is typical of Hitler's estimate of himself, in connection with his 
evaluation of hands, that he regards his own right member as practically 
the finest thing God ever put on a human arm, and often exhibits it as 
his idea of perfection. Indeed he very frequently poses for photographs 
or paintings with his right hand posed on his hip. In friendly encounters 
Hitler is addicted to the two-palm grip, especially when the cameras are 
recording for eternity his welcome to Mussolini, Ciano or some other 
visiting ally.

Hitler is indeed vain, as I have said, and thinks of himself pictorially 
against the background of the mere world. Perhaps this is the reason why, 
shortly after he became Reichschanceller, he had the shape of his nose 
corrected by a well-known Munich plastic-surgeon. The nose had seen a 
little bulbous at the end and fatty on the bridge, so Hitler got a Berlin 
medical man to recommend a colleague in Munich and there the operation was 
performed and the superfluous flesh removed. Thereafter he was always 
posed by his official photographer, Professor Hoffmann, to bring out the 
best points of his remodeled nose as well as of his other facial and 
physical features. Hoffmann usually poses him with the back of his 
overcoat collar turned up so as to soften the line of his cap either in 
profile or full face.

Although he has worn glasses for several years ,for reading, Hitler is 
very strict about not allowing anyone to photograph him with glasses on. 
Photographers, newsreelmen and others had stern instructions from Hitler's 
adjutant Brueckner to photograph Der Fuehrer only after he had removed 
his spectacles. Several rolls of film had to be destroyed on one occasion 
because this injunction was not observed, and one camera man lost his 
permit to work because he tried to retain such a snapshot as a curiosity. 
Hitler wore glasses publicly for the first time for the signing of the 
Munich agreement with Daladier, Chamberlain and Mussolini. Whenever he 
is photographed at his headquarters now studying maps, reports and such, 
it is always with a magnifying glass only.

Hitler's caps were always a matter of serious concern to him. He used to 
wear a swagger style but came to consider that too jaunty for the "Fuehrer 
und Reichskanzler" and ordered his tailor to work out a more serious model. 
A wax head based on the exact dimensions of his skull was made and sent to 
the factory which manufactures his hats for him. Various styles of cap were 
designed, tried on the

Frederick Oechsner: This is the Enemy.1942.99,100,101.

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