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Emil Ludwig

Hitler Mussolini Stalin     1940

rather superficial description- biographical 
material on youth not very accurate- Gives 
examples for his interpretation of Hitler as:
 "A pathological being, who like many others 
in history, has translated the diseased exaggeration 
of certain impulses into a self-importance which 
is the source of his decisions and actions." 
Demonstrates Hitler's need for applause like an actor's.


"....Max von Gruber, a professor at the University 
of Munich, and the most eminent eugenist in 
Germany, stated as a witness in the law court 
in 1923: " It was the first time I had seen Hitler 
close at hand. Face and head of inferior type, 
cross-breed; low receding forehead, ugly nose, 
broad cheekbones, little eyes, dark hair. Expression 
not of a man exercising authority in perfect self-command, 
but of raving excitement. At the end an expression of 
satisfied egotism."

pg 11- E.Ludwig- Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin 1940

...I was once able to observe the actor in him, in 
1931, I was  talking to some American journalists 
in the lounge of the Kaiserhof in Berlin, when they 
drew my attention to Hitler, the great party leader. 
Clad in a brand new overcoat, he was ambling lazily 
down the wide staircase, playing with the metal rod 
attached to hotel keys to make guests remember to 
hand them over to the porter before leaving. He was 
whirling the key round on the rod, to his own great 
amusement. Suddenly, about 20 paces off, he became 
aware of our group. That very second he dropped his 
hand to his side, stiffened his arms and legs, put on 
an expression of gloom, and, for our benefit, was 
transformed into Napoleon. Moved to the depths of 
his own schemes, he strode slowly past us.

p. 43-44 E. Ludwig.Three portraits-

His vanity is so great that he lives surrounded by his 
own portraits. His friend Troost once made him a 
carved wooden chest to keep his papers in. In the 
course of the work he asked Hitler what he should 
put in the large space left free in the middle of the 
lid. Hitler at once replied: 'That's where my picture 
goes in profile.' On one occasion, he bought up a picture 
of himself as Lohengrin.

pg. 44- E. Ludwig-Three Portraits.

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Emil Ludwig
Three Portraits 1940

"...Not Bismark, not Frederick the Great, but Napoleon is 
the ideal of this [sic] frenzied German. When my book on 
Napoleon appeared some twelve years ago, he read it 
three times, marking it with huge red strokes in the 
margin, as his now-murdered friend Strasser told me 
in 1926....

pg. 45- Emil Ludwig- Three Portraits.

"....We are told by Goebbels that the very man who, on 
June 30, 1934, slapped his own friends, standing 
defenseless before him, suddenly burst into tears 
when he when he was appointed Chancellor....

pg 46- E. Ludwig- Three Portraits.


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