00011310.gif [letterhead] OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES INTEROFFICE MEMO TO: Col. William J. Donovan DATE: March 8, 1943 FROM: Dr. Walter C. Langer SUBJECT: Memorandum on Hitler's Proclamation to the National Socialist Party on the Anniversary of its Founding February 24, 1943 A psychoanalytical study of Hitler's Proclamation is scarcely feasible due to the fact that it was prepared in advance and read by another person. Furthermore, we have no way of knowing what Hitler actually said in this Proclamation. We have three versions at our disposal: (a) the short wave trans-ocean broadcast reported by AP appearing in the New York Times, Feb. 23, 1943; (b) long wave broadcasts in German from Oslo, presumably intended for the German troops in the Northern area; and (c) the Berlin press version broadcast on short wave in Morse code over DNB. No two of these versions agree with each other, although the core of each is fundamentally the sane. Obviously, the original proclamation was severely edited and whole paragraphs deleted. The AP version contains the essential core but due to the omitted paragraphs it seems, at first glance, like a jumble of disconnected thoughts. It is safe to assume that the original was not disjunctive and that the editing of the different versions was done with a definite goal in view. It is barely possible that the editing in the English version was designed to create the impression that 00011311.gif page 2 Col. William J. Donovan - 2 - March 8, 1945 Hitler's mental condition is far more serious than it is in reality. Otherwise, it is difficult to understand why some of the paragraphs appearing in the German versions should be omitted since they contain no incriminating material. Even the Berlin Press version, the longest and most complete of the three, shows a great many signs of tampering. In fact, it is far more difficult to understand the disparities between the two German versions than between either of these and the English. Perhaps the aim underlying the editing can best be illustrated by an examination of the same paragraph as it appeared in the three different versions. Berlin Press version When, in 1929, I announced in this hall the, Party program and the decision to annihilate the enemies of our people, with all the fanaticism of which we were capable, I was a lonely and unknown man. Germany, however, was going through her deepest humiliation. The number of those who believed in her revival was negligible. The people who hoped for this to happen within our lifetime were fewer still. The few followers who adhered to me at that time were faced by an almost crushing enemy. superiority. For each 100 National Socialists, there were many millions of enemies, partly misguided, partly filled with hatred, not counting those of little faith who always wait for success before they bravely march alongside the victorious party. Oslo version Welch ein Unterschied gegenueber dem Kampf von Heute! Denn wie gross auch die Koalition unserer Feinde sein mag, sie ist als. Nacht geringer ale die Kraft des Buendnisses der Voelker die sich der bolschewistisch-plutokratischen Vernichtung entgegenwerfen AP version. The party has always been imbued with unbendable determination not to capitulate in any circumstances and not give up the struggle in any case before the conspiracy of our enemies has been snapped off at its core and been eliminated. 00011312.gif page 3 Col. William J. Donovan - 3 - March 8, 1943 Throughout the Berlin press version there is a great deal about the Party, its lowly beginnings, its loyalties and its undying devotion to Hitler. Interestingly enough, there is very little said about the Bolshevist menace on the Eastern front. The great enemy of Germany and the world in general is, as it was from the first days of the National Socialist Party, the Jew. The big difference is that now the Jew has allied himself with the Bolshevists and the democracies: "The same joint front of enemies we had to face in Germany now faces us again as an alliance between Jewish bankers of New York, the Jewish plutocratic ruling caste of London and the Jews in Moscow's Kremlin." Furthermore, "Above all, this war demonstrates incontrovertibly the complete identity of plutocracy and Bolshevism, as well as the eternal unchanging aim of all Jews which is to despoil nations and convert then into slaves." In both of the German versions he has much more to say about the Jewish menace than is included in the AP text. He is liberal in his prophecies and as the war goes on, one nation after another will realize the Jewish menace and "just as the German people, realizing this danger, successfully fought the Jewish enemy at home and is now about to finish them off once and for all, just so other nations will become increasingly conscious of their true selves as the war goes on and will finally make common cause against the race which works for the destruction of them all." Just as the Jew has always been responsible for all of Germany's misfortunes, so he is now responsible for the present war and the 00011313.gif page 4 Col. William J. Donovan - 4- March 8, 1943 miseries of the German people. This is the whip Hitler has always used to arouse the German people to action and it is difficult to escape the impression that coming in this form at the present the can only mean new pogroms. In another place, the Berlin version says "For, thank Heaven, not only the Jews in London and New York have unambiguously stated what Fate has primarily intended for the German people; those is [sic] Moscow have done so, too. But we are determined to give them a no less clear reply." If this impression is correct, it seems safe to assume that resentments within Germany are rising to a threatening degree. An examination of the past will reveal that terror against the Jews almost invariably follows a period of rising discontent within Germany. It is the old technique of redirecting aggressive impulses away from yourself to some scapegoat against which they can find unlimited expression. All of the material against the Jews is contained in identical form in the Oslo version. However, much of the material pertaining to the Party is completely omitted . In place of it, we find grim determination and assurances that Germany is stronger and that German might is still superior. It is interesting, for example, that the Berlin version omits completely the following paragraph: "As in the period of my struggle for power, every onslaught of our enemies and every one of their apparent successes made me grit my teeth even more firmly and become more determined never to stray from the way. which leads sooner or later to my aim. Today, too, I am inspired by the same willpower to resolve to the last consequence the task which fate has entrusted to me." 00011314.gif page 5 Col. William J. Donovan -5- March 8 1943 In the English version the frequent references to the Party are also omitted, as well as any personal references such as: "I, an unknown man, could not have [unreadable] from this hall on my way through all obstacles." Perhaps there is an attempt to create an impression of solidarity and determination, together with the paragraph on fanaticism which [unreadable] people which does not appear in the Berlin version. Together with the aforementioned disjunctivity, one might [unreadable] the propagandists were trying to present him as an insane individual with a fixed determination never to yield and that he is prepared to loose all kinds of terror. The Berlin version, on the other hand, tries to create the impression of the great leader [unreadable] single-handed has guided his people away from destruction and that the present crisis is only one more obstacle in the road to ultimate success. Inasmuch as he has overcome many similar obstacles in the past, he is entitled to their loyalty in his present struggle and they can help him by wreaking vengeance on his enemies who are close at hand, namely, the saboteurs and the Jews.
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