00011331.gif page 7 _Page 7 - Langer Memorandum_ democracies who must find their encouragement in the most insignificant achievements. The impression is cultivated that the people of the democracies must wake up, rid themselves of their present leaders and select others with vision and integrity who can understand the trend of events and, presumably, make peace with Hitler when the proper time comes. The section of the speech in which he asks for unlimited power is interesting. At first glance one gets the impression that Hitler has turned over a new leaf and now requests power before he wields it. This would be a considerable divergence from his past performances, as for example in the Blood Purge, when he wielded the power first and got authorization afterwards. On more careful reading, however, we find that he wielded such power on the Eastern Front last winter when he only believed that the German people had invested it in him. Likewise he tries to create the impression that the dissenters or slackers were few in numbers and that their failure to do their duty was solely the result of the hardships and tensions they had to endure. Then, however, we find him referring to wiping out whole groups who failed to live up to what was expected of them and we begin to wonder if the purge was not quite extensive. His use of the term "selbstheiligen" is significant. It is difficult to imagine anybody in Germany to whom this term was applicable who was not in the highest ranks of the military or the 00011332.gif page 8 _Page 8 - Langer Memorandum_ party and one who was not in close contract with Hitler himself. In other words, we can surmise from this remark that there are dissenters within the ranks of his closest advisers. One can imagine that this dissension is confined solely to the Russian campaign and its results. This is certainly cause for dissension but it hardly seems enough, by itself, to account for Hitler's attitude at this time when the Spring Offensive is about to begin. It may have other sources which we will consider in a moment. In any case, it seems necessary for Hitler to hold this extraordinary power as a whip over the heads of some of his ranking officials. In order to justify his request for this extraordinary power he tries to create the impression that this is an extraordinary war and consequently must be fought by extraordinary means. The war is one of life or death for the German nation and its outcome will determine the destiny of the world for hundreds or thousands of years. A war involving such stakes can, of necessity, be determined only by a long and protracted struggle requiring more than ordinary courage and endurance. Defeat for the Germans would mean the slaughter of millions of people as it did in Russia. Everything must be sacrificed to prevent such an outcome in comparison with which the present state of the war effort, the partial starvation and the Nazi domination of all activities is infinitely better than the consequences of giving in. From which the conclusion is to be drawn 00011333.gif page 9 _Page 9 - Langer Memorandum_ that the sacrifice of all acquired rights and submission to additional Nazi terror and lawlessness are the sole protection of the German people against the Bolshevist menace. One could also surmise from his speech that Hitler does not propose to make his peace overtures in the near future. First the Fifth Columnists must do their work, then increased submarine warfare against England and then, perhaps, some concentrated bombings which will inflict untold misery on the people, who should then be amenable to his proposals. Also, perhaps, a few spectacular victories against the Russians, although one has the feeling that in this speech he is leaving loopholes for himself to make peace overtures even though he fails to defeat Russia. One very important point remains for consideration, namely, his scanty references to Japan. He talks at length about the great achievements of Italy which are meager in reality and makes little mention of the achievements of Japan which are impressive. One would expect, at this time, that he would magnify them rather than to diminish them. We must suppose that he has ulterior motives in not doing so. What are these motives.? From the few remarks that he makes in this speech, it is impossible to say. We might suppose that in order to woo England he must soft-pedal Japan. If the British. Empire is to remain intact as he implies, provided that it works with the New Order, it would require considerable settlement with Japan. Perhaps he does not feel that this is the time to talk 00011334.gif page 10 _Page 10 - Langer Memorandum_ of such a settlement. Or, again, we might suppose that his feeble references to Japan are designed to indicate to the English that he is ready to sell them down the river whenever England is ready to talk peace. He therefore treats them lightly as though they were unimportant to his future plans. There is, however, another possibility which seems (to me) even more likely, namely, that Hitler and the leading Nazis are afraid of the growing power of Japan. It looks almost as if some of the ranking Nazis were beginning to question the wisdom of the alliance with Japan and her entry into the war. While Germany struggles to acquire relatively worthless territory in Europe at terrific costs, they see Japan acquiring the colonies, rich in raw materials, which Germany has always coveted, with comparatively small losses. At the time of Hitler's speech Japan stood on the doorstep of India which has for years been the dreamland of the Germans - Japan seizes the world's riches while Germany fights for worthless territory which may prove to be a liability rather than an asset. It is possible that the German leaders are beginning to wonder who will recover these territories from Japan when the war is ended and Germany, together with the other European nations, are exhausted. It has long been known to psychoanalysts that one of the Germans' favorite defense mechanisms in propaganda is that known as _projection_. By means of this mechanism they project on to others their own wishes, ambitions and fears. The clearest example is to 00011335.gif page 11 _Page 11 - Langer Memorandum_ be found in connection with the Jews. By projection Hitler is able to accuse the Jews of planning all the things which he himself wants to do. May it not be that in the present instance he is projecting his own fears, anxieties and difficulties to the English? In one place he says that England has made a tremendous error in allying itself with the United States since in the end she will find her ally stronger than herself. The same may be true of Germany in respect of Japan. In another place he says of England that if she wins she wins nothing, while if she loses she loses everything. May this not be equally true of Germany in regard to things of value? Perhaps it is he who finds himself in the position of having sold Germany down the river to Japan and his advisers and ranking officials may be rebuking him for it. When we view the speech in its entirety from this point of view, it begins to make sense. There is a reason for laying the foundations for peace overtures in the not too distant future. Certain it is that nowhere in the speech does Hitler lay any claim to credit for bringing Japan into the War. If everything were above-board we would expect this to be a feather in his cap. Instead of that we find that Japan's entry into the war was the result of the stupidity of the democracies. May this not be another case of projection? That all is not well is evidenced by the cool commentaries on Hitler's speech given by the Japanese radio in the days immediately following its delivery. 00011336.gif Page 12 _Page 12 - Langer Memorandum_ Whatever the case may be, this latter point of view offers us an excellent opportunity for counter-propaganda to Germany. By reversing the whole picture and sending it back to Germany, (I believe) we will be striking close to doubts already existent in the minds of many Germans. While Hitler is exhausting the energies of Germany and its allies in combating the menace of Bolshevism, he is paving the way for the Great Yellow Peril to sweep over Europe (although the latter need only be implied). It is our opinion that such an approach will tap latent anxieties which are far stronger than any connected with the Bolshevists and help drive an opening wedge between the German people and their leaders.
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