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00010492.GIF

THE BERLIN DIARIES edited by Dr. Helmuth Klotz 1934- N.Y.

Diary of a German War Office general,-
 "A German War Office general, with whom I had been on 
terms of intellectual intimacy during critical years, 
...asking me to examine and to publish in whatever form 
seemed wisest to me his diary jottings during the time 
between the fall of Doctor Bruening and the accession 
to power of Adolf Hitler.."

June 11, 1932
...In the evening I met Hitler ( at the house of a Bank 
and Stock Exchange king, of Jewish extraction too!). 
The impression Hitler makes upon me is and remains 
devastating. This curious prophet is quite incapable 
of listening; he goes on speaking all the time as if 
he were addressing a public meeting, and to every 
interruption he reacts immediately with a new harangue, 
which, of course, is always irrelevant to the point at 
issue. Hitler's volubility is surpassed only by his poverty 
of thought....He sounded me on Goering's plan for detailing 
Storm Troop officers to attend the army maneuvers. He 
did all he could to convince me that war against France 
and Poland might "break out any day" and that Germany 
was lost if it had not at its disposal a sufficient number 
of well-trained officers. As to that I am of his opinion, 
but I have little inclination to throw the army open to a 
gang of dope-taking homosexuals like Captain Roehm. 
Naturally I did not tell him that, but wriggled away with 
arguments about the peace treaty; he was tactful enough 
to dismiss my words with a pitying smile.

General Rundstedt relieved me from my disagreeable 
embarrassment. Rundstedt's opinion of the "Leader" 
is exactly the same as my own; the two of them don't 
seem to be exactly the best of friends!

p. 58-59 The Berlin Diaries- ed. Dr, Helmut Klotz

June 17, 1932- A very different experience from 
yesterday's; a talk with Hitler. A complete fool and 
twaddler! If this man ever attains power, then it will 
be a sign that we've gone off our heads. And yet this 
prophet makes an uncertain, almost timid impression; 
I can't imagine him ever making a fight for the 
supreme power.

I led the conversation to his relations with Papen. 
Hitler admitted that he had pledged himself to Papen. 
Would his supporters follow him in this policy" I asked. 
He replied: "My supporters will have to obey me. I 
have trained them for that purpose." And that was that!

He tentatively sounded me again about Goering's pet 
scheme (to give Stormtroop officers a look-in during 
the army maneuvers). I pretended to be hard of hearing. 
About the Epp plan he said not a single word, which I 
can understand very well.

p. 70- The Berlin Diaries- ed. Dr. Helmut Klotz.

00010493.GIF Page 2

THE BERLIN DIARIES ed. by Dr. Helmut Klotz

August 9, 1932

The negotiations between Schleicher and Hitler have 
fizzled out. The "Leader" has been whistled to heel by 
his advisers. He can't afford to content himself with 
the post of Vice-Chancellor; he must demand "all". 
Goering and Geoebbels [sic] are the chief whetters 
of his resolution.

In the course of his consultations with Hitler Schleicher 
discreetly intimated that Goering's past was not all that 
it should be, that, in fact, Goering had been confirmed 
some years ago for a considerable period in a Swedish 
asylum for the insane. And that he, Schleicher, 
"unfortunately" had in his possession documentary 
proof of the statement, that it was not a matter of 
mere empty rumor, but of actual facts. Such being 
the case, would it not prove impossible in the long 
run for Hitler to accept such a man's counsel and 
allow him to act as his representative to the President 
and the Government?

Hitler was most painfully affected by this question. 
He did not seem to have reckoned with the fact that 
the affair was known. The truth of the story itself 
he admitted without further ado; he had known about 
it for a long time, and Goering had put into his hands 
an attestation that he was once more "normal" Besides, 
Hitler was resolved to make use of the story against 
Goering to get rid of him when the proper time came. 
But just now he could make no move against Goering, 
whose position inside the Party was extraordinarily 
strong- so strong that one could not get rid of him 
without danger and make him one's declared enemy.
 
"This morphinist," he told Schleicher, "certainly won't 
hold his tongue if he is attacked. Herr Goering knows 
too many things that I can't afford at present to have 
broadcast among the public and my voters, not at any price!"...

p. 151-52. Berlin Diaries- ed. Helmut Klotz.

August 13, 1932

... Hitler's reception by the Old Gentleman, in which 
our side was represented by Papen and Schleicher. 
The whole business lasted hardly ten minutes. And 
much to Hitler's chagrin he had to stand during the 
whole interview.

It began by Hindenburg asking Hitler without any 
preamble whether he and the other members of 
his party were prepared to enter Papen's Cabinet. 
Hitler replied in the negative and put forward the 
demand that he should be made Chancellor "with 
the same powers as Mussolini was given after his 
victorious march to Rome." Hindenburg cut him 
short very brusquely and with an unmistakably 
contemptuous gesture. He could not be responsible 
to his conscience for delivering the power of the 
State to the National Socialists. Their record of 
murders and butcheries up to date showed with 
terrifying clearness how Hitler would exploit the 
power of the Stae [sic].

Hitler tried to reassure the Old Gentleman: "A few 
thousand deaths mean nothing in a historical 
process involving such far-reaching consequences."

p 157 Berlin Diaries- ed. Helmut Klotz

00010494.GIF  page 3

THE BERLIN DIARIES- ed. by Helmut Klotz

cont. Hindenburg - Hitler interview.

Hindenburg once more interrupted him. He regretted 
that Hitler was not disposed to keep the solemn 
promise given to him, the President, before the 
election; Hitler had vowed that he would support 
the Papen Government no matter what the result 
of the poll might be. On the sole condition that the 
Marxist Government in Prussia should go and the 
measures prohibiting the Storm Troops be repealed. 
He, Hindenburg, had kept his side of the bargain and 
must now assume that Hitler had either deceived 
him or else was too weak to fulfill his obligations.

Under this painful attack Hitler became silent. Then 
Hindenburg required to know what Hitler intended to 
do now, since the negotiations had fallen through. 
Hitler, who apparently had still been counting on 
gaining over the President, retorted in a voice 
hoarse with rage: "Opposition will be my policy! 
Opposition to the last ditch!"

That was too much for the Old Gentleman. He 
raised his stck [sic] threateningly against Hitler 
and ordered him in an imperious tone to conduct 
his opposition fairly and honorable, or else he 
would be made to feel the consequences. Then 
Hindenburg turned away abruptly and left the 
room along with Papen and Schleicher. Without 
even saying good-by to Herr Hitler!.....
 
p. 157-58. Berlin Diaries- ed. Helmut Klotz.

In the evening I was once more at the Herren Club. 
Meissner described Hitler's debut in the Palace. He 
almost burst with laughter. "it was so funny!:

The visit had a long story leading up to it. Without 
Oskar Hindenburg it would never have taken place. 
The Old Gentleman's aversion to the "Austrian", the 
revolutionist from the gutter", the corporal", was 
almost unsurmountable.
 
What about the reception itself? Meissner shuddered 
with horror. Well, then: Hindenburg is waiting. Hitler 
enters, makes an abortive attempt at a profound bow 
and fumbles with his hands behind his back to shut 
the door which, of course, had already closed behind 
him. Then noticing his lapse, he grows red in the face 
and goes, with uncertain steps, toward the Old 
Gentleman, who is standing in the middle of the 
room. But at the very start he stumbles over the 
carpet, and, to judge from the furious glare he gives 
it, he is in urgent danger of flinging himself upon it 
and chastising it physically. Then he laboriously 
continues his way and finds himself at last, at long 
last, before Hindenburg. Papen does the honors.

Then said Meissner, came something supremely 
comical: hardly had Hitler straightened himself 
from his devout reverence when he prepared to 
launch into one of his great public speeches. But 
Hindenburg made a sweep with his arm and Hitler 
collapsed in terrified silence. Into this silence 
Hindenburg broke in a harsh voice: I have summoned 
you, Herr Hitler, in order to hear from you whether 
you are prepared to enter the Cabinet of Herr von 
Papen as Vice-Chancellor. Naturally, in that case, 
your party would be in duty bound to support and 
assist the Government to the full extent of its power."

p. 159-60 Berlin Diaries- ed. Helmut Klotz

00010495.GIF  page 4

BERLIN DIARIES- ed. H. Klotz

cont. Hindenburg Hitler interview- August 9, 1932

Hitler was taken aback and could find no answer. Then 
Papen said, to make it easier for him: "Of course, the 
composition of the Cabinet would be somewhat modified 
and your party asked to collaborate by being liberally 
represented in it." And Hindenburg went on very rudely: 
"Yes, but the appointment of the Foreign Minister and 
the Minister of War shall remain exclusively my concern. 
Nothing will change that!"

Another silence. Then at last Hitler spoke: "But, your 
Excellency, we must surely come to some agreement 
about the program of the Government first!" Hindenburg 
retorted: "The Government's program? It is there. It is 
the program of Herr Chancellor von Papen." Hitler once 
more fell into an embarrassed silence. Then he ventured 
another question "And what, your Excellency, is to be 
done about Prussia?"  Hindenburg, now visibly impatient, 
replied: "I can't understand what you mean by such a stupid 
question! My Commissioner for Prussia is and will remain 
Herr von Paper. But please give me an answer to my first 
question, because of which I asked you to come here. This 
matter is not one that can be postponed."
 
Then Hitler demanded "full powers" a la Mussolini. And 
the Old Gentleman elegantly flung him out.
 
We bombarded Meissner with questions and wanted to 
hear still more. But he maintained that he had described 
everything exactly and fully. He was of the opinion that 
Hitler would sing small after all that.... One more thing: 
Herr Hitler has departed to nurse his wrath in the 
Bavarian mountains. He has given his Storm Troops 
leave "until further notice."

p 160-61 THE BERLIN DIARIES. ed. H.Klotz

August 26, 1932...
Goering was with me for a short time to-day. Important 
tidings: Hitler's nerves have "completely broken down" 
(as if Hitler's "nerves" had ever been in proper order!") 
He has been packed away to a sanatorium in Thuringia; 
Strasser is taking his place.

p. 167 THE BERLIN DIARIES- H.Klotz

August 29, 1932
...Hitler appeared yesterday in Berlin. That sanatorium 
must have got rid of him very quickly! He has once again, 
with wearisome iteration, made his men renew their 
oath of allegiance to him.

p. 168 THE BERLIN DIARIES- H.Klotz

00010496.GIF  Page 5

THE BERLIN DIARIES- ed. Helmut Klotz

September 27, 1932- Goering has honored me with 
a visit. He had two pieces of news: Hitler is ill, his 
nerves once more broken down, and is to be sent to 
a sanatarium. And Roehm is to be sent into the 
wilderness. His homosexual scandals have raised 
too much dust, in spite of his "intimate" friendship 
with Madame Adolfe, Roehm is to be replaced by 
Captain Pfeffer von Salomon, a Titan unknown to me.

p. (?), THE BERLIN DIARIES-ed. H.Klotz

November 8, 1932 (after H. lost two million votes in 
election)
- Herr Hitler has broken down (for the umpteenth time) 
and gone into a sanatarium. So Gregor Strasser reports...

p. 201 THE BERLIN DIARIES-H.Klotz

December 2, 1932 (Schleicher Chancellor)
 
...Hitler was expected here to-day for a further interview 
with Schleicher. He left Munich last night, according to 
program, but did not arrive here, for Goering and Goebbels 
hauled him out of his sleeper at Hena in the middle of the 
night and carted him off to Weimar. This exploit was so 
unexpected that not even Strasser and Frick were 
informed, and had to cool their heels in vain early 
this morning at the Anhaltor Station (in Berlin). 
In the Presidential Palace Hitler's defection put 
them all into a great flurry and a still greater irritation.
 
The Old Gentleman was in a towering passion. Hitler 
had promised him to come to Berlin and raise no difficulties. 
One had to be very senile indeed to count on the strength 
of Hitler's "promises".
 
Besides Hitler himself doesn't know what he wants. The 
number of times he has gone from one extreme to another 
during those last weeks simply can't be counted. One 
moment Strasser, who claims to be striving for a loyal 
collaboration with us, has the upper hand, and ten minutes 
later, without any visible reason, Herr Goering with his 
all or nothing policy is on top; ...
 
p 322 BERLIN DIARIES H.Klotz

6th February, 1933

Today was the memorable day. Hitler condescended to 
look us up and deigned to lay his precious programme 
before a very select audience of generals and admirals.
 
In this company, to which he is not at all accustomed, 
the Chancellor's behavior was clumsy and embarrassed. 
His self-confidence, which isn't the genuine article, 
even in public meetings, but is a spurious quality, 
intended for display purposes, left him entirely in the 
lurch.
 
What did he have to say? It made one shudder. In the 
first part the long-winded repetition of phrases which 
he has been mouthing for ten years. The second part only 
was important and new. "intended for your ears alone, 
gentlemen, who are entrusted with the highest military 
posts"; for the rest: "the application of the political 
principles on National Socialism as they automatically 
arise."
 
p.41 THE BERLIN DIARIES, Vol II- H. Klotz

00010497.GIF  Page 6

THE BERLIN DIARIES ed. H.Klotz

cont. February 6, 1933

...Foreign policy must occupy a place in the foreground 
of events "until the day of the definitive destruction 
of the peace treaties and the creation of the Great 
German Empire." The new diplomacy must contrive 
to gain the [unreadable] time; first "In order to give us 
breathing space at [unreadable] of our foreign policy"; 
secondly, "inorder [sic] to bring [unreadable] military 
revival of our entire German people" thirdly, "in order 
[unreadable].

[next two paragraphs unreadable]

...[unreadable] Every attempt he had made in this 
direction had proved futile, and had [unreadable] 
as tactical moves. A bloody reckoning with this 
State was "no more and no less than a physical 
necessity and will remain so until France or Germany 
has been wiped off the earth." The case was quite 
different with England: "toward England I shall 
deliberately pursue the [unreadable] policy that 
Strassmann deliberately adopted towards France."....
p (?) - THE BERLIN DIARIES H.Klotz

These objects, "Gentlemen, you will keep constantly in 
front of you." For his part, he promised that he would 
always feel particularly attached to the Army. Without 
the "cheerful acquiescence of the Army no national 
policy was possible"; according to Hitler's conception 
and experience of history, "all [unreadable] politics are 
only a continuation of war by other methods."
 
With this cheap distortion of the famous phrase from 
Clausewitz, Herr Hitler put a term to his twaddle and 
looked triumphantly around him. There was a painful 
silence along the whole line, and Neurath looked foolish. 
Then Blomberg rose and gave his assurance that the 
Army stood behind the "National Government" That's all.
 
p 43- THE BERLIN DIARIES- Klotz

00010498.GIF page 7

THE BERLIN DIARIES- edited by H.Klotz
 
22nd April, 1933.
...Yesterday, on Hitler's birthday, the Nazis in 
Braunau-on-the-Inn devised an ingenious honour. 
They put forward the proposal that Hitler, who was 
born in Braunau, should be made an honorary freeman.

The attempt was frustrated; the proposal was 
rejected with contumely. And. Meissner telephones 
greatly amused, Hitler was thrown into convulsions
 "over this ingratitude"....

p. 197 -THE BERLIN DIARIES- ed. H. Klotz

9th September, 1933
...Herr Hitler, who was present at the manoeuvres, 
was asked in the Casino how he envisaged Germany's 
continued membership of the League of Nations and 
our participation in the Geneva Disarmament Conference, 
now that we had begun to flout treaties and conventions 
and forge ahead with re-arming. The Chancellor was 
visibly annoyed by these awkward questions, which 
caught him unprepared; at first he looked helplessly 
about him andthen [sic]. as no one came forward to help 
him out of his embarrassment, he stammered that these 
matters were only of political, and not military, 
importance....

..Herr Hitler floundered like a fish on dry land.

Then, after long cogitation and appreciating the 
serious position, he promised to go into the matter 
with the Foreign Minister and the Minister of Defense. 
"And with the Chief of Army Direction!" interrupted 
an officer. Everybody was petrified, except Hitler, 
who promptly bowed and answered: "And with the 
Chief of Army Direction." Interesting symptom!
p 241-242 THE BERLIN DIARIES, ed. H.Klotz

27th April, 1933.
 
The Geneva negotiations are causing the Foreign 
Minister great anxiety. But Hitler wants to seize 
the favourable opportunity of "pressure from without" 
to get rid of his S.A.; he has several reasons for doing 
so: for one thing, the joke is lasting too long, especially 
as he now no longer needs the S.A.; then he scents a 
menace to his own position in the strong and splendidly 
organized association; and lastly he does not like to be 
reminded by the "ordinary" S.A. fellows that he once 
dangled a socialistic programme before the eyes of 
the credulous millions.

Such was the partly explicit and partly unspoken 
meaning of the conversation with which he honoured 
a few of us to-day. He tried, of course, to gloss over 
the business and make it palatable to us by stressing 
that the S.A. might "as things develop by their numbers 
alone" become a danger even for the Reichswehr. But 
when he noticed that we were not impressed by this 
threadbare argument he desisted, and Goering hastened 
to add that the bodyguard, the S.S., was strong enough, 
in conjunction with the police, "to choke in blood, if 
necessary, any uprising of the S.A."

Hitler wants us to mobilize our foreign relationships 
to reinforce the demands to dissolve the S.A. He 
imagines that he could then respond, "under protest," 
to this welcome pressure, and shake off the troublesome 
S.A. without his authority being impaired and without 
the treacherous game he proposes to play with his 
Brown comrades becoming public.

p 202-03 THE BERLIN DIARIES

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