Archive/File: people/g/globocnik.odilo/globocnik.odilo Last-Modified: 2001/08/28 Gutman, Israel; Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, ISBN 0-02-864527-8 Macmillan Publishing Company, New York. 1990. ----------------------------------------------------------------------- GLOBOCNIK, ODILO (1904-1945), senior SS commander; a principal participant in the extermination of Polish Jewry. Born in Trieste to an Austrian-Croat family of minor officials, Globocnik was a contractor by profession. He joined the Nazi party in Austria in 1931 and the SS in 1934. His illegal activities on behalf of the party led to a number of short spells of imprisonment. Before ANSCHLUSS (the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938), Globocnik was already active in the formation of Nazi factory cells in the provinces, and in 1936 he was appointed provincial party leader in Carinthia. He earned rapid promotion in 1938, in March to SS _Standartenfuehrer_, and in May to state secretary and _Gauleiter_ of VIENNA. He lost his position in January 1939 on account of illegal currency dealings, but was pardoned by Heinrich HIMMLER, and in November 1939 was appointed district _SS- und Polizeifu"hrer_ (SS and Police Leader) for the Lublin district of Poland and promoted to SS-Brigadefuehrer und Generalmajor. In 1941 Himmler entrusted Globocnik with the planning and establishment of police and SS-fortified strongpoints in Poland, and in 1942, with the implementation of AKTION REINHARD. For this purpose Globocnik was put in charge of special SS troops, subordinate only to Himmler. He used the camps of BELZEC, SOBIBOR, TREBLINKA, and MAJDANEK to carry out a fourfold task: the exploitation of the Jewish work force, the extermination of Jews, the aquisition of the real estate of the murdered Jews, and the seizure of their valuables and moveable property. More than two million Jews were killed during Aktion Reinhard, and property to the value of 178 million reichsmarks was seized for the benefit of the Reich. In August 1943, as a result of differences with other party and SS leaders, Globocnik, was transferred to Trieste. He was taken captive by British troops at the end of the war and committed suicide in May 1945.
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