The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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Subject: Waffen-SS Dr. Kremer Diary
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In late summer and autumn of 1942 a middle-aged anatomist named 
Joseph Kremer was assigned duty at the Auschwitz concentration 
camp to fill in for an SS doctor who had fallen ill there.  Kremer, also 
a member of the SS, was not a Nazi ideologue and held views which 
were not shared by the Nazi party.

It may be he was assigned to work at Auschwitz as a sort of 
punishment since the camp was not a choice assignment.  It was a 
quite dangerous place to be even for a Nazi doctor.  The source this 
danger was a series of typhus and other epidemics which remained the 
scourge of camp for most of its existence.  Nazi staff, and family members 
frequently fell victim to the diseases circulating around the Auschwitz 

Dr. Kremer was no exception. He became ill too soon after his arrival on 
30 August 1942 as the following entries from his diary indicate.

   3 September 1942 
   For the first time came down with the diarrhea with vomiting 
   and colic-type attacks of pain which have hit everyone here in the 
   camp.  It cannot be the water as I have not drunk a drop, nor can 
   it be the bread, as those who have only eaten white bread (special 
   diets) have also come down with it.  Most probably the reason is 
   the unhealthy continental and very dry tropical climate with its 
   dust and masses of vermin (flies). 
   4 September 1942 
   To combat the diarrhea: 1 day of gruel and peppermint tea, 
   followed by a week's special diet.  Charcoal and Tannalbin at 
   intervals.  Already considerably better.

   14 September 1942 
   For the second time had the Auschwitz illness. Temperature of 37-8. 
  Today had the third and last injection against typhus fever. 
To fight the spread of disease among prisoners as well as staff, the SS
fumigated camp buildings with a fumigant marketed under the name
Zyklon B to control disease-bearing vermin--particularly lice.  This 
product was HCN-soaked wood pellets--or other absorbent material
--sealed in a tin.  To use Zyklon B, the SS would seal a building and
opened the can inside the building.  After several hours, the buildings
were opened again and allowed to air out for several more hours.

Dr. Kremer witnessed such an operation soon after his arrival at Auschwitz.
as this diary entry indicates.

   1 September 1942 
  Wrote off to Berlin for officers' cap, belt, braces.  In the afternoon 
   attended block gassing with Zyklon B against lice. 

This is the only reference to Zyklon B in Kremer's diary which is 
interesting since Kremer is supposed to have witnessed the gassing of
prisoners at Auschwitz on 14 occasions during his brief duty there.
These events are described with the word Sonderaktion or special
action in Kremer's diary as the following entry translations show.

   2 September 1942 
   3.00 a.m. attended my first Sonderaktion.  Dante's Inferno 
   seems to me almost a comedy compared to this. They don't call 
  Auschwitz the extermination camp for nothing! # 
  #["genannt das Lager der Vernichtung" --see "Confessions of SS 
   Men who were at Auschwitz" by Dr. Robert Faurisson, pg 116,  
   Summer 1981 for a discussion on this phrase and the Kremer diary.] 
   2 September 1942*
   This morning, at 3 o'clock, I was present outside for the first time at a
   special action. Compared to that, Dante's Inferno appears to me almost 
   like a comedy. It is not without reason that Auschwitz is called the 
   camp of the annihilation. [*Alternative translation from Faurisson]

   [2 September 1942*]
   [...] Compared to what I saw, Dante's inferno seems to me like a comedy.
   Not without reason do they call Auschwitz an "annihilation" camp.
   [*Alternative translation from Gilbert] [Martin Gilbert states this entry
    refers to the gassing of a transport of 957 from Paris.]

   5 September 1942 
   In the morning attended a Sonderaktion from the women's 
   concentration camp (Muslims);  the most dreadful of horrors.  
   Hschf. Thilo- army doctor - was right when he said to me that this 
   is the anus mundi [butthole of the world].  In the evening towards 
   8.00 attended another Sonderaktion from Holland.  Because of 
   the special rations they get of a fifth of a liter of schnapps, 5 
   cigarettes,  100 g salami and bread, the men all clamour to take 
   part in such actions.  Today and tomorrow (Sunday) work. 
   6 September 1942 
   [...] In the evening at 8.00 went to another Sonderaktion outside. 
   10 September 1942 
   In the morning attended a Sonderaktion (5th). 
   23 September 1942 
   Tonight sixth and seventh Sonderaktion. [...] 
   28 September 1942 
   Tonight attended eighth Sonderaktion.  Hauptsturmfuehrer 
   Aumeier told me that Auschwitz concentration camp is 12 km 
   long, 8 km wide and 22,000 Morgen [ = acres] in area.  Of these 
   12,000 acres are under the plough and 2,000 acres fish ponds. 
   7 October 1942 
   Attended 9th Sonderaktion (foreigners and Muslim women). 
   Wirths back at work. Replacing Entress in men's camp 
   (examinations, etc.). 
   12 October 1942 
   Second inoculation against typhus, later on in evening severe 
   generalized reaction (fever).  Despite this in the night attended a 
   further Sonderaktion from Holland (1,600 persons).  Ghastly 
   scenes in front of the last bunker! (Hoessler!) That was the 10th 
   18 October 1942 
   Attended 11th Sonderaktion (Dutch) in cold weather this 
   morning, Sunday. Horrible scenes with three naked women who 
   begged us for their lives. 

   18 October 1942 *
   In wet and cold weather was on this Sunday morning present at the
   11th special action (from Holland).  Terrible scenes when 3 women begged
   to have their bare lives spared. [*Alternative translation from Faurisson. ]
   8 November 1942 
   Tonight took part in two Sonderaktionen, in rainy and gloomy 
   autumn weather (12th and 13th).  In the morning Hauptscharfuehrer 
   Kitt, a pupil of mine from Essen, came and paid his respects to me 
   at the sick-bay.  In the afternoon another Sonderaktion, the 14th 
   I have participated in up to now.  In the evening cozy evening company 
   in the Fuehrerheim as guests of Hauptsturmfuehrer Wirths.  There was 
   Bulgarian red wine and Croatian plum brandy. 

It becomes clear in reading these entries that there is no reference to 
gassings or gas chambers in any of them. There may be, as in the 18 
October entry, references to executions in connection with Sonderaktionen,
but nothing dealing explicitly with an extermination program at Auschwitz.
Other entries in Kremer's journal refer to executions with no connection
to Sonderaktionen.

The key to whether Kremer's diary is evidence of  gas chambers and 
extermination of  Jews then is the definition of the word Sonderaktion.
The literal meaning is special activity and is generic term for something 
outside the normal duties of the individual.  Every professional or social
organization has its own lexicon and use of eclectic jargon by such groups
is nearly universal.  The SS and the Nazi Party was no exception.

Revisionist author  Carlo Mattogno states the following in his critique of J.C. Pressac's books with regard to the term Sonderaktion.
     If, therefore, the construction of the new crematory had a purely
     sanitary purpose (by Pressac's admission),  [] a time of full 
     typhus epidemic; it is clear that these "special actions" (Sonder-
     aktionen) were linked to the fight against the epidemic and had no
     criminal connotation. [pgs 45-46]
     Neither Sondermassnahmen, nor Sonderbaumassnahmen, nor
     Sonderbehandlung, nor Sonderaktion had a criminal significance
     and Jean-Claude Pressac does not introduce a single document to
     support the contrary. [pg 47]

It becomes quite clear to what Dr. Kremer is referring in his diary
by reading all of the entries for his stay at Auschwitz. Once in context, the
Sonderaktionen can only be duty in processing trainloads of prisoners.  
Ample testimony exists which indicate SS Doctors were present to perform
clinical examinations of  arriving slave labor. The communist government 
of Poland confirms Kremer's Sonderaktionen coincide with the
arrival of  prisoner transports and Kremer does not indicate there is another
term for this activity to distinctly identify it separately from another, 
more sinister,  one. Sonderaktionen then were merely part of procedures put
into place to help bring the epidemics under control.

It is clear that Auschwitz, like the other Nazi concentration camps, had 
to process and register incoming labor and that thousands of prisoners
were coming into and leaving Auschwitz on a weekly basis.  This was a
necessary function of this camp and all of the labor camps and would be
whether there was an extermination happening there or not. 

If one assumes Sonderaktion refers to a gassing of Jews upon arrival, one
then runs into a situation which I find very difficult to fathom.  From the
following Kremer diary entries we find epidemics at Auschwitz were running
out of control. 

   30 August  1942 
   Departure Prague 8.15 via  Bohemian Truebau, Olmuetz,  Prerau, 
   Oderberg.  Arrival in Auschwitz CC 17.36.  In camp quarantine 
   because of numerous infectious diseases (typhus fever, malaria,
   diarrhoea).... Received strictly secret orders from area medical officer 
   Hauptsturmfuehrer Uhlenbrock and am accommodated with the Waffen-
   SS in a hotel room (26). 
   3 October 1942 
  Today fixed fresh living material from human liver and spleen as 
  well as pancreas, also fixed lice from typhus-fever patients in 
  absolute alcohol.  In Auschwitz whole streets have gone down 
  with typhus.  Today had myself administered with the first serum 
  injection against abdominal typhus because of this.  
  Obersturmfuehrer Schwarz has gone down with typhus fever!. 
  10 October 1942 
  Extracted and fixed fresh live material from liver, spleen, and 
  pancreas. Got prisoners to make me a signature stamp. For first 
  time heated the room.  More cases of typhus fever and Typhus 
  abdominalis.  Camp quarantine continues. 

It can be seen from these and other entries there were many sick prisoners
at Auschwitz. The question therefore arises as who the Nazis were gassing.
Were the doctors picking the healthy ones to kill?  This would seem 

Disease then is what constituted Kremer's inferno.  Many prisoners were
sent to Auschwitz because they were in bad shape to begin with and that
camp had extensive medical facilities.  Auschwitz and the neighboring
Birkenau camp were ultimately a place to warehouse sick prisoners and it
therefore had a high death rate.  It could be said prisoners were sent there to
die. As Arno Mayer puts it on page 362: "But for the Jews Auschwitz was 
an unqualified inferno even without gas chambers." As Kremer indicates,
things were quite out of control in the autumn of 1942 and the medical 
resources were thinly stretched.

Though his diary says nothing explicit about gas chambers or the wholesale 
slaughter of arriving inmates, his post war testimony is an entirely 
different matter. At more than one trial Dr. Kremer testified to witnessing the
gassing of prisoners at Auschwitz and explaining his Sonderaktion entries in 
this context. The doctor claims to have been in a car some distance from the 
gas chambers, the description of which changed each time he testified, with a 
respirator in case a member of the SS was overcome by the gas during the 

As Arno Mayer states on page 363 of his book, postwar "testimony must be
screened carefully, since it can be influenced by subjective factors of great
complexity."  In the case of Dr. Kremer, the "subjective factors" are not very
complex.  The SS Doctor may have been intimidated by torture, threats of 
torture or execution, threats to his family, etc.  There is no statute of limit-
ations on Nazi war crimes and the Allies had his diary.  That along with 
some "eyewitness" testimony could have sent him to prison or the gallows at 
any time he ceased to cooperate.

Without Dr. Kremer's testimony concerning the meaning of his ambiguous
journal entries, the diary is proof of nothing except Auschwitz at the time 
he was assigned duty there was a disagreeable place.  The evidence for 
Auschwitz as an extermination camp with gas chambers then is in his post 
war testimony--not his diary--and his testimony should not be taken at face

Robert Faurisson, "Confessions of SS Men who were at Auschwitz",
   Journal of Historical Review Volume II Number 2, Summer 1981




Klee, Dressen, and Riess, THE GOOD OLD DAYS

From oneb!!!!!!!agate!!!!!weirwolf Wed Feb 15 01:22:04 PST 1995
Article: 22140 of alt.revisionism
Newsgroups: alt.revisionism
Path: oneb!!!!!!!agate!!!!!weirwolf
From: (Weirwolf)
Subject: Mueller Document
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Militarpolizeilicher Dienst       Wien 1.10.1948
                                                10. Ausfertigung

         R u n d s c h r e i b e n         Nr.31/48

1. Die Alliierten Untersuchungskommissionen haben bisher
    festgestellt, dass in folgenden Konzentrationslagern
    keine Menschen mit Giftgas getoetet wurden:
    Bergen-Belsen, Buchenwald, Dachau, Flossenbuerg, 
    Gross-Rosen, Mauthausen und Nebenlager, Natzweiler,  
    Neuengamme, Niederhagen (Wewelsburg), RavensBruek,
    Sachsenhausen, Stutthof, Theresienstadt.
    In diesen Faellen konnte nachgewiesen werden, dass Ge-
    staendnusse durch Folterungen erpresst wurden und Zeugen-
    aussagen falsch waren.
    Dies ist bei den KV-Erhebungen und Einvernnahmen zu be-
    Ehemalige KZ-Haeftlinge, welche bei Einvernahmen Angaben
    ueber die Ermordung von Menschen, insbesondere von Juden,
    mit Giftgas in diesen KZ machen, ist dieses Untersuchungs-
    ergebnis zur Kenntnis zu bringen.  Sollten sie weiter auf
    ihre Aussagen bestehen, ist die Anzeige wegen falsher
    Zeugenaussage zu erstatten.

2. Im RS 15/48 kann P. 1 gestrichen werden.
                                 Der Leiter des MPD.:
                                      Mueller, Major
Fuer die Richtigkeit
  der Ausfertigung:
  Lachout, Leutnant             L.S.        (Seal)

Republik Oesterreich   Ich bestaetige hiemit, dass ich am 1.Oktober 1948
Wachbataillon  Wien    als Angehoeriger des militaerpolizeilichen Dienstes
    Kommando           beim Alliierten Militaerkommando die Richtigkeit
   (Signature)         der Pundschreiben-Ausfertigung gemaess  18 Abs.4
                       AVG beglaubigt habe.
                                     Wien     27 Oktober 1987   (Signature)


#####English translation:########
Military Police Service                              COPY

Circular Letter No. 31/48             Vienna, 1 October 1948
                                                         10th dispatch
1.  The Allied Commissions of Inquiry have so far established that no

    people were killed by poison gas in the following concentration 
    camps:  Bergen-Belsen, Buchenwald, Dachau, Flossenbuerg, Gross-
    Rosen, Mauthausen and its satellite camps, Natzweiler, Neuengamme,
    Niederhagen (Wewelsburg), Ravensbrueck, Sachsenhausen, Stutthof,
    In those cases, it has been possible to prove that confessions had been
    extracted by tortures and that testimonies were false.
    This must be taken into account when conducting investigations and 
    interrogations with respect to war crimes.
    The result of this investigation should be brought to the cognizance of
    former concentration camp inmates who at the time of the hearings
    testified on the murder of people, especially Jews, with poison gas
    in those concentration camps.  Should they insist on their statements,
    charges are to be brought against them for making false statements.
                                                   The Head of the MPS
                                                      Mueller, Major
     Certified true copy:
     Lachout, Second Lieutenant
                                                       L.S   (Seal)
      C.t.c                  I hereby confirm that on 1 October  
    Austrian Republic        1948, being a member of the Military
    Vienna Guard Battalion   Police Service at the Allied Military
        Command              Command, I certified the copy of this
                             dispatch of the circular letter to be a 
                             true copy in pursuance of Art. 18,
                             para. 4 AVG  (General Code of
                             Administration Law).
                                 27 October 1987    (Signature)
 Source: "The Mueller Document"  by Robert Faurisson
              Journal of Historical Review Vol. 8 No. 1
              pg. 118-120
The above is a transcription of a document first published in 
1987 in an Austrian magazine called HALT!  The certifier was 
an observer on the Allied Commissions of  Inquiry which issued 
the letter in 1948 and has testified to its authenticity in court on 
a number of occasions including the 1988 trial of revisionist 
publisher Ernst Zuendel.

The document is significant in not only what it says, but also in
what it does not say. It does not list any camps where the A.C. I. 
verified people were killed by poison gas.  The reason for this 
is -- according to Lachout -- in all instances investigated the 
gassing stories proved to be false.  Testimony of gassing at other 
locations were not investigated by the A.C.I. So it cannot be 
assumed such stories are true if those locations are not in the list 

Nor can it be concluded that all the uninvestigated gassing 
stories are false simply because all investigated stories were.
Nevertheless, this situation raises very serious questions  
regarding the credibility of such testimony.

The circumstances which produced the false tales of gassings at 
the camps listed in the Mueller document, abandoned stories
of RJF soap, lamp shades, and the long-forgotten pedal-powered 
brain-bashing machine also produced testimony and confessions
relating to gassings at the camps in Poland.  The two sets of 
stories are the offspring of common parents -- Allied war time 
propaganda and war crimes political show-trials.  If there is a 
difference, it is not one of quality.
                               * * *
Sources:  Robert Lenski,  THE HOLOCAUST ON TRIAL: THE 

"The Mueller Document"  by Robert Faurisson
 Journal of Historical Review Vol. 8 No. 1 (1988)


From oneb!!!!!!!!!!!!weirwolf Tue Feb 21 22:20:12 PST 1995
Article: 22275 of alt.revisionism
Newsgroups: alt.revisionism
Path: oneb!!!!!!!!!!!!weirwolf
From: (Weirwolf)
Subject: Butz Ratio
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                         BUTZ'S RATIO
In the latest version of the Holocaust story,  the SS, on the 
mythical orders of Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler, designed the 
Auschwitz/Birkenau crematories to facilitate the disposal of 
corpses from the mass murder of Jews.  Holoscribes allege 
Himmler instructed Hoess to build the crematories because he 
had chosen Auschwitz to be a major killing center.  Hoess 
testified after the war he got his orders from Himmler -- who 
conveniently didn't live long enough to testify -- in 1941 or in 
1942, depending on which Hoess testimony is examined.

Hoess, who wasn't very good at dates, also testified the 
Birkenau crematories were running in 1942, but the 
documentation (like the Vergasungskeller letter) indicate 
planning took place in 1942 and the crematories were 
completed in the spring of 1943.

Birkenau camp contained four crematory buildings numbered 
II through V, with crematory I being at the Auschwitz I 
camp. Numbers II and III each contained five three-muffle 
ovens for a total of thirty muffles or single-body retorts. 
Numbers IV and V were equipped with four double-retort 
ovens each.   Birkenau had a total 46 single-body retorts 
installed, though documentation indicates IV and V broke 
down --never to restart-- after only a few months of use and 
that II had to be shut down for a few months in early 1943 
while its chimney was rebuilt.

The design of these buildings took place during 1942 when a 
massive typhus epidemic kept much of Auschwitz in 
quarantine.  This epidemic was what influenced the size of 
the crematories constructed.

The construction of the crematories was only one part of an 
entire regimen of sanitary facilities and procedures instituted 
to fight the epidemic, with limited success, at Auschwitz and 
Birkenau.  This regimen all came under terms in the SS 
lexicon that contained the single German prefix "Sonder".

The terms "Sonderaktion" and "Sonderbehandlung" were two 
such terms. Dr. Kremer's prisoner triage duties, which 
included both transports coming in on trains and intra-camp 
transfers, came under the term "Sonderaktion." The 
construction of the crematories did as well. So when 
documents say that they were built because of "Sonderaktion" 
this is because the sanitary disposal of the dead was part of 
fight to control the epidemic.

The same is true of the fumigant Zyklon B.

These measures produced only limited reduction in mortality 
rates at the camp.  SS staff at Auschwitz recorded the deaths 
of thousands of prisoners in its so-called "death books."   
Each death was recorded on a separate page.  The person's 
name, age, place of birth, religion, parents' names, cause of 
death, and camp doctor's name certifying the cause of death 
were all included in the record. Each death was assigned a 
number as well.  This number was composed of the year, a 
slash, and serial number of the death.  For example, if a 
corpse constituted the 1023rd death for the camp for 1943, it 
would be recorded as number 43/1023 prior to its cremation.

Though corpses at many of the Nazi concentration camps 
were cremated as a sanitary method of their disposal, 
cremation is -- or was -- forbidden among Orthodox Jews. 
Because of a belief in a future physical resurrection of the 
dead, the Orthodox believe the body must not be destroyed. 
Since cremation destroys the body, it may also nix any future 
resurrection. This may account for the fixation on the Nazi 
crematoria some Jews have. This is also a reason the 
preservation of Jewish cemeteries is such an emotional issue 
among the Orthodox and other Jews.

Nazi concentration camps that are today not considered also 
to have been extermination camps also had crematoria.  
These were used to dispose of the camp's dead. Death's at 
these camps were recorded in the camps files, as at 
Auschwitz..  Extermination camps are alleged to have been 
centers for murder and the deaths of those murdered were not 
recorded.  These victims would then be in addition to the 
registered deaths.

A.R.Butz has offered a simple test to determine whether the 
SS designed the crematoria at Birkenau and Auschwitz to 
support an extermination center or simply built to handle the 
appalling mortality rate stemming from the periodic 
epidemics at that Nazi gulag.

Butz's test is based on several assumptions.  First,  the 
technology used in crematoria in Nazi camps is comparable. 
Second,  the bulk of gas chamber deaths was not registered. 
Third, the disposal of corpses from registered and 
unregistered deaths took place in the same cremation 
facilities  Finally,  the number of unregistered deaths at 
concentration camps which were not "extermination camps" 
is inconsequential yet constituted the bulk of deaths at those 
that were.

To perform Butz's test simply calculate the ratio of retorts per 
thousand registered deaths in the camp for the year in which 
the crematoria were designed.  This will give a figure that 
represents the crematory resources available to reduce bodies 
from deaths registered  at the camp.  Since most corpses at an 
extermination camp would be unregistered, expect the ratio to 
be much higher than for concentration camps where all 
deaths were registered.

Since the crematoria for Birkenau were designed in 1942, and
the number of registered deaths for Auschwitz/Birkenau camp 
was 45,575.  The number of retorts for crematoria I through 
V was 52.  The resulting Butz ratio is  1.14  which translates 
to 2.4 bodies per retort per day.

Dachau was not an extermination camp.  The crematory 
there, designed and built in 1942, had 6 retorts. The 
registered deaths for Dachau for 1941 was 2576, and 2470 for 
1942.  The Butz ratio for Dachau is 2.3 and 2.4 for 1941 and 
1942 respectively.  This is a rate of 1.2 bodies per retort per 
day or half that for Auschwitz!!

Buchenwald's ratio for 1942 is 2.07

Auschwitz was under-equipped to handle its registered deaths 
when compared to other Nazi camps, and this indicates the 
crematoria at Birkenau were not built to support a program of 

Taken from another angle, the third element needed in 
cremation besides a body and a crematory oven is fuel.  
Pressac publishes information in his book that allows an 
estimate of the number of  cremations performed during 
certain periods of 1943 based on coke consumption at the 
crematories at Auschwitz/ Birkenau.

Pressac reproduces a letter in his book which states the rate of 
fuel consumption of the Topf three-retort oven is 35 kg of 
coke per hour.  It goes on to state this figure can be reduced 
by two-thirds if the oven is run at capacity, that is to say, with 
all three retorts charged with a corpse. So, if it takes one hour 
to reduce a body, 11.67 kg of fuel would be needed to do it.

On the other hand,  Mattogno gives a range of 16.7 to 20.3 kg 
coke/corpse  for a cremation in a three-retort oven like those 
in crematories II & III.  The amount of fuel needed depends 
on the condition of the body. A higher range of 25 to 30.5 
kg/corpse is given for the double muffle type installed in IV & 

Pressac states in his book that receipts for coke show 71 
kilotons were delivered to the Birkenau crematories for the 
month of  August 1943.  Butz's book contains a table that 
shows the total number of registered deaths at the camp for 
that month was 2,380.  71,000 kg coke / 2,380 bodies = 29.83 
kg coke/body.  This assumes the entire supply of coke 
delivered that month was consumed, which may not be the 
case. The previous month 67 ktons were delivered and 61 
ktons were received in September of that year. Overall, for 
eight months of 1943 for which this data is available, the 
average amount of coke available for each registered death 
from the same period  is 23.5 kg.

The deliveries of fuel to Birkenau and Auschwitz for the 
months of 1942 & 1943 listed in Pressac's book range from 
15 ktons to 144.5 ktons.  The average for 1942 appears to be 
about 30 ktons of coke per month.  For 1943, the year 
crematories II to V became operational, the figure jumps to 
around 70 kilotons per month.

It is clear from comparing the crematory facilities built at 
Auschwitz/Birkenau to those at other Nazi concentration 
camps, and examining the amount of coke available to fuel 
them, that crematories I through V were built to handle the 
bodies from registered deaths alone, and excess capacity for 
the incineration of gas chamber victims was not available.

The testimony of Hoess and others who claim the ability to 
cremate up to 10,000 bodies in a day in the Birkenau 
crematories is pure fantasy.  That simply was not possible.
These postwar confessions and accounts are worthless as 
evidence of anything except the hysteria of the time -- a 
hysteria that some have yet to overcome.

              Pressac,  AUSCHWITZ: TECHNIQUE AND
              OPERATION OF THE GAS CHAMBERS (1989)
              Butz, "Some Thoughts on Pressac's Opus" JHR (5/6-
              Montagno, AUSCHWITZ: THE END OF A 
              LEGEND (1994)
              Klee,  "THE GOOD OLD DAYS"(1988/1991)
              Leuchter, THE LEUCHTER REPORT: THE END 
              OF A MYTH (1988)
              Weber,  "Pages from the Auschwitz Death Registry
              Volumes" JHR(Fall 1992)

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