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Shofar FTP Archive File: people/m/mathews.philip/1999/Haavara_Agreement

Newsgroups: alt.revisionism
Subject: Re: For Philip Matthews, German/Zionist dealings.
Lines: 158
Date: 31 Jan 1999 18:13:01 GMT
Organization: AOL
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Xref: alt.revisionism:343193

In >Message-id: <>

> (Fergus McClelland) wrote:

>The "Haavara Agreement" 
>The Haavara Agreement was a pact between the Nazis and Zionists
>regarding Jewish emigration from Germany during the 1930's. It is the
>only contract between an official Third Reich authority and a Zionist
>organization. This agreement is considered to have benefited the
>interests of both parties.
>Haavara was intended to promote both the emigration of German Jews and
>the export of German products to Palestine. 
>As a result of the Agreement, German exports arrived in Palestine at
>bargain prices with the help of Jewish capital and Jewish commerical
>assistance. The Agreement also made it possible to settle a large
>number of German Jews in Palestine. Goods worth a total of 139.5
>million Reichsmark were transferred by 1939. Only the outbreak of war
>in September 1939 ended the transfer practice.

Reads like a press release.  As I pointed out in the thread which gave rise to
this one, The Transfer Agreement applied only to Jews of some means, who the
Germans would not allow to emigrate with their own money.  It served a
short-term need of the Nazis.  Neither the outbreak of the war nor reluctance
of Zionists ended the practice.  The Nazis no longer needed its benefits once
they could avail themselves of the resources of conquered countries, so they
let it lapse. 

A circular of the German Foreign Ministry of June 1937 reveals the foreign
policy concerns they had with substantial Palestinian immigration.

"Germany is in fact more interested in maintaining the dispersion of Jewry
(than in easing immigration to Palestine).  Even if not a single member of the
Jewish race is on German soil, the Jewish question will not have been solved as
far as Germany is concerned...A Palestine state will not absorb world Jewry,
but--like the effect of the Vatican state--will provide it with an enhanced
status under the aegis of international law, and that is liable to have fateful
consequences for German foreign policy."

>Circular 54/1933 of the Reich Ministry of Finance, August 28, 1933 
>To further the cause of Jewish emigration to Palestine through
>allocation of the necessary sums of money, without putting too much
>strain on the currency reserves of the Reich and simultaneously
>increasing German exports to Palestine, an agreement has been reached
>with the appropriate Jewish authorities. It is based on the following
>conditons: Emigrants on whose behalf the Emigration Advisory Office
>confirms that further sums of money are necessary and adequate for the
>purpose of starting a new life in Palestine, and that the minimum
>amount of 1000 PP [Pal. Pounds] required for immigration into
>Palestine is insufficient, may be granted an additional sum in excess
>of the 15,000 RM on condition that it is paid at the Reichsbank into
>the Special Account I of the Bank of the Temple Corporation [German
>colonists bank in Palestine] and credited to a trust company in
>Palestine specially set up for this purpose (or to the Anglo-Palestine
>Bank until the Jewish trust company has been set up). A total sum of 3
>million RM has been designated initally for this Special Account I and
>for a Special Accout II mentioned below; it is to be operated by the
>Temple Bank as a trust account for the above mentioned Jewish Trust
>Company. This account is to be used to pay for German goods delivered
>to Palestine. Emigrants will be paid the equivalent of their deposits
>by the Palestine trust company according to the funds available from
>the sale of German goods to Palestine. This will occur in the order
>and proportion of the payments made into the Special Account I and
>paid out in Palestine Pounds. The "Pal=E4stina-Treuhandstelle zur
>Beratung deutscher Juden GmbH" [Paltreu, Palestine Trust Office for
>Advice to German Jews] has been founded in Berlin, Friedrichstra=DF
>218, to advise German Jews in matters concerning this form of capital
>transfer to Palestine. I request that particular attention is to be
>drawn to this organization when authorization [for capital trnasfer to
>Palestine] is being granted. Furthermore, a Special Account II has
>been opened at the Reichsbank on behalf of the bank of the Temple
>Organization. On application the exchange regulation authorities may
>grant permission to German Jewish nationals, who have not yet
>emigrated but who are already planning a new existence in Palestine,
>to deposit up to 50,000 RM per person into this account (and similarly
>credit it to a German-Jewish trust company to be founded in Palestine
>or to the Anglo-Palestine Bank Ltd. until this has been founded). 

Yes, it was a rather ingenious setup in  which the Germans forced some Jews to
participate just to access their own money.  The Zionist agreed to it, despite
much Jewish disagreement, in order to save Jews, not as some desired approach
to assist Palestine.  The Nazis agreed to it for their own purposes, but not as
a solution to the emigration issue.

Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
Berlin, 25th January 1939.
83-26 19/1


The Jewish Question as a factor in German Foreign
Policy in the year 1938.


Palestine--which has already become the slogan of world opinion, as the land
for the emigrants-- cannot be considered as the target for Jewish emigration,
because it is incapable of absorbing a mass influx of Jews. Under the pressure
of Arab resistance, the  British-Mandatory Government has restricted Jewish
immigration into Palestine to the minimum. For the time being Jewish emigration
to Palestine was helped to a great extent, as far
as Germany was concerned, by the signing of an agreement with the
representatives of Jewry in Palestine, which made it possible to transfer
Jewish property in the form of additional exports (Haavara-Agreement). Apart
from the fact that emigration was made possible by this method for a small
number of wealthy Jews only, but not for the mass of Jews without means,
[Pencil note: Are
there such people?] there were fundamental
considerations of foreign policy against this type of emigration: the transfer
of Jewish property out of Germany, contributed to no small extent to the
building of a Jewish State in Palestine. Germany must regard the forming of a
Jewish State, as dangerous, which even in miniature would form just such an
operational base as the Vatican for political Catholicism. The realization that
World Jewry will always be the irreconcilable

(end of excerpt)

Clearly the Transfer Agreement was not meant to be, from Germany's perspective,
a solution to their Jewish problem.  It is often cited in this NG as if it

By the way Fergus, I'm happy to note that you do not subscribe to the mindless
"captured" document phobia.  

Philip Mathews

>Source: Werner Feilchenfeld, Dolf Michaelis, Ludwig Pinner,
>Haavara-Transfer nach Palestina und die Einwanderung deutscher Juden
>1933-1939, Tubingen 1972,p.26. 
>Herbert A. Strauss, General Editor, "Jewish Immigrants of the Nazi
>Period in the USA" Vol. 4 - Jewish Emigration from Germany 1933-1942:
>A Documentary History, K.G. Saur, New York 1992, p. 254. 
>Also see:

"Mankind have a great aversion to intellectual labor; but even supposing
knowledge to be easily attainable, more people would be content to be ignorant
than would take even a little trouble to acquire it."      Samuel Johnson

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